The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Only Tzara, out of the camp of the old Dadaists, seemed not to have abandoned “
the shadow for the prey"; alone, since the famous incidents of the Coeur à gaz
which Breton declared to have been merely unfortunate, his intellectual attitude ...
For the moment, there was no question of a break with the group: Aragon still
declared himself a surrealist. From his article, letus quote the formulas by which
he defines the direction he wanted to see surrealism take: The acknowledgment
At the same time he declared that his agreement with Breton and the rest of the
group was for him “a matter of life or death,” and published a Manifesto: Aux
intellectuels révolutionnaires in which he defended the psychoanalytic method
he had ...
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