The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Following the example of Breton and Soupault, all the surrealists enthusiastically
began conducting similar experiments. ... this first booty wrested from the
unknown," or to retrace the strange effect of the experiment upon them:
Yet the surrealist experiment exists too. It had already produced results and was
not at all in conflict with the Revolution. According to Breton, it even exceeded in
its scope the narrow specialization of the economic and the social, and couldn't, ...
Maurice Nadeau. C H A P T E R 12 THE CRISIS OF 1929 What could men still
concerned with their status in the world hope for from the surrealist experiment?
—ANDRé BREToN B R E To N had been criticized for his excommunication
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