The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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For him, if the intellectuals were capable of playing a more decisive role in
France than in other countries, they were nonetheless of no direct help to the
revolutionary proletariat, the only force capable of carrying out the revolution
hailed by the ...
... The acknowledgment of dialectical materialism as the sole revolutionary
philosophy, the comprehension and unreserved acceptance of this materialism
by intellectuals of idealistic tendencies, no matter how consistent such idealism
may be, ...
“Certain revolutionary intellectuals, and especially the surrealists, have been led
to employ the psychoanalytic method against the bourgeoisie. This weapon, in
the hands of men who champion historical materialism and who intend to apply it,
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