The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Destruction also of religion, of morality, of the family, those straitjackets that kept
man from living according to his desires. But their great illusion was to suppose
that their enemies would collapse at the mere sound of their words or upon ...
... written that surrealism would not be made to serve the “amelioration of the
abominable earthly comfort,” now acknowledged that any work of the mind could
be valid only if it contributed to “changing the living conditions of an entire world.
and these penetrating questions asked by the living: “Why do you write?... Is
suicide a solution?... What kind of hope do you put in love?” It is as if these men
merely repeated “What is the use of living, of functioning in the world?” And yet
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