The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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That is why lyricism is merely a realm of the new spirit in today's poetry, which is
often content with experiments, with investigation, without being concerned to
give a lyrical signification . . . But such research is useful, it will constitute the
C H A P T E R 4 THE **STIMULATORS'' OF SURREALISM The science I am
engaged in is a science distinct from poetry. I am not singing this latter. I am trying
to discover its source. Through the helm that steers all poetic thought, the ...
... the last moment of thought, and the state of concrete thought is poetry”) in
which humor is accorded the place to which it is entitled in poetry—the first place,
as Lautréamont and Jarry had realized, for humor achieves surreality without
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