The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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“Why,” they wrote to Marcel Fourrier, “are we used only for 'literary chores'? It that
what you mean by specialization? That we are just good enough to liven up the
dry political pages of Clarté? Furthermore, why are you so timid in our defense?
He was therefore asked to correct these matters publicly for, they said, he knew
better than anyone that surrealism, a revolutionary attitude of mind, infinitely
exceeded mere political recipes for the Revolution." After the close friends, those
in the struggles of the revolutionary proletariat: “As surrealists, we have no
intention of making poetry an excuse for rejecting political action.” Was it possible
to hope that this outspoken declaration would silence the prejudices of the ...
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