The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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What matters is that the surrealists said they no longer wanted to consider the
revolution except “in its economic and social form,” and even employed strict
Leninist formulas to define it.” This unequivocal declaration left the polemic with ...
–PIERRE NavILLE T. question of surrealism's political and social commitment
was not thereby settled. In the very heart of the surrealist group, it was to be
raised again and to occasion, as Breton observed, “characteristic altercations.
This is to hold cheap, it will be said, the social conditions which more than any
other determine the vicissitudes of our life, and for this reason some have
censured Breton for not having completely closed the door to “mysticism.” Breton
posits a ...
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