The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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The entire work, moreover, is an attack against the vulgar, against those who
reduce to their own tiny measure the ideas they transform into clichés, into
banalities—in other words, against those who produce literature. In the second
part of his ...
they would do better to keep still, that their revolt is not serious since it does not
leave the realm of words. To fall into the trap, Aragon proclaims, is to resolve to
protest no longer against anything, to keep silence. Then actions will truly be in ...
L'Humanité of the article “Apropos of words, the raw material of style” stands for
me as a sign of the times and deserves to be noted as such. It is impossible to do
a worse job in passing (and I mean in passing) than M. Barbusse. We have ...
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