The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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It is practically impossible in the case of profoundly American writers like
Cummings, Henry Miller, Gertrude Stein, and ... The author whose near-
automatic writing appears to be most closely related to the surrealists is Gertrude
Stein; yet her ...
It is true that the surrealists claimed to be unwilling to assume responsibility for
their writings, but that is another story ... the cult of suicide, purposeless and
unprincipled prophecy, even automatic writing, to which Aragon assigns strict
Writer and alchemist, author of the Ars Magna. Magritte, René (born 1898).
Belgian. “The cuckoo's egg.” Painter and theoretician, founder of the Belgian
surrealist group in 1924. Malet, Léo (born 1909). French. Poet, inventor of the
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