Revolutionary Ideas: An Intellectual History of the French Revolution from The Rights of Man to Robespierre

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Princeton University Press, 23 mrt. 2014 - 888 pagina's
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Historians of the French Revolution used to take for granted what was also obvious to its contemporary observers—that the Revolution was shaped by the radical ideas of the Enlightenment. Yet in recent decades, scholars have argued that the Revolution was brought about by social forces, politics, economics, or culture—almost anything but abstract notions like liberty or equality. In Revolutionary Ideas, one of the world's leading historians of the Enlightenment restores the Revolution’s intellectual history to its rightful central role. Drawing widely on primary sources, Jonathan Israel shows how the Revolution was set in motion by radical eighteenth-century doctrines, how these ideas divided revolutionary leaders into vehemently opposed ideological blocs, and how these clashes drove the turning points of the Revolution.

In this compelling account, the French Revolution stands once again as a culmination of the emancipatory and democratic ideals of the Enlightenment. That it ended in the Terror represented a betrayal of those ideas—not their fulfillment.

 

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Inhoudsopgave

Prologue
1
CHAPTER 1 Introduction
6
CHAPTER 2 Revolution of the Press 178890
30
CHAPTER 3 From EstatesGeneral to National Assembly AprilJune 1789
53
Summer and Autumn 1789
72
CHAPTER 5 Democratizing the Revolution
103
CHAPTER 6 Deadlock November 1790July 1791
141
CHAPTER 7 War with the Church 178892
180
CHAPTER 16 Robespierres Putsch June 1793
420
Overturning the Revolutions Core Values
450
CHAPTER 18 DeChristianization 179394
479
CHAPTER 19 The Terror September 1793March 1794
503
CHAPTER 20 The Terrors Last Months MarchJuly 1794
545
CHAPTER 21 Thermidor
574
CHAPTER 22 PostThermidor 179597
593
Holland Italy and the Levant
635

CHAPTER 8 The Feuillant Revolution July 1791April 1792
204
CHAPTER 9 The General Revolution Begins 179192
231
CHAPTER 10 The Revolutionary Summer of 1792
246
CHAPTER 11 Republicans Divided September 1792March 1793
278
CHAPTER 12 The General Revolution from Valmy to the Fall of Mainz 179293
316
CHAPTER 13 The Worlds First Democratic Constitution 1793
345
Securing the Revolution
374
CHAPTER 15 Black Emancipation
396
CHAPTER 24 The Failed Revolution 179799
670
The Revolution as the Outcome of the Radical Enlightenment
695
Cast of Main Participants
709
Notes
733
Bibliography
803
Index
833
Copyright

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Over de auteur (2014)

Jonathan Israel is professor of modern history at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. He is the author of A Revolution of the Mind: Radical Enlightenment and the Intellectual Origins of Modern Democracy (Princeton).

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