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wealth of all the heathen round about shall be gathered together, gold, and silver, and apparel, in great abundance.
And, even the Jews themselves shall be the first, that shall fight against this spiritual Jerusalem, the Church of Christ; and, together with them, all the heathens round about shall oppugn it, and make use of all their power and riches for the suppressing of it.
XIV. 15 And so shall be the plague of the horse, of the mule, of the camel, and of the ass, and of all the beasts that shall be in these tents, as this plague.
But they shall not prevail: for both they and all their substance and might shall miscarry; and the punishing hand of God shall fall heavily, both upon them and their assistants in this evil quarrel: they shall be all enwrapped in the same common destruction.
XIV. 16 And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles.
And it shall come to pass, that those, which are left alive of the nations, which made opposition to the Gospel of Christ, shall humbly and gladly submit themselves to the worship and service of God their Saviour; and shall cheerfully join themselves to his Church, in the religious adoration of him, upon all occasions.
XIV. 17 And it shall be, that whoso will not come up of all the families of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain.
Those, who wilfully refuse to join themselves to the Church of God under the Gospel, from them will God sensibly withhold his blessings; even his seasonable rains, and the plentiful increase of the earth.
XIV. 18 And if the family of Egypt go not up, and come not, that have no rain; there shall be the plague, wherewith the LORD will smile the heathen that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.
And if those of Egypt, which have ordinarily no rain, being supplied by the fruitful waters of Nilus, shall forbear and refuse to join in the service of God with the rest of his Church, they shall be no less plagued with drought and scarcity, than the other nations that depend upon the moisture that descends from above.
XIV. 20 In that day shall there be upon the bells of the horses, HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD; and the pots in the LORD'S house shall be like the bowels before the altar.
In that day there shall be so general and happy a peace, that there shall be no need of horses of war; but the bells, where with those horses were wont to be adorned, shall be consecrated to the Lord, and converted to the holy use of the Temple: and there shall be such store of offerings, on all hands, as that the pots of the Temple, which are for the use of the sacrifice, shall be as frequent, as the small bowls that stand before the altar.
XIV. 21 Fea, every pot in Jerusalem and in Judah shall be holiness unto the LORD of hosts: and all they that sacrifice shall come
and take of them, and seethe therein: and in that day there shall be no more the Canaanite in the house of the LORD of hosts. Yea, such exceeding store shall there be of sacrifices, as that all the pots in Jerusalem and Judah shall be put to this holy employment; in a type, that every one that is a true Israelite shall offer up himself a living sacrifice to God, and shall present unto God liberal gifts and thankful oblations for the maintenance of his Church and service; and there shall no impure person, nor stranger from the commonwealth of Israel, be admitted to challenge a place in the holy Church of God.
I. 2, 3 I have loved you, saith the LORD. Yet ye say, Wherein hast thou loved us? Was not Esau Jacob's brother?" saith the LORD: yet I loved Jacob, And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness.
I have loved you, O my people Israel, saith the Lord, ye that are returned from the late Babylonish captivity, I have loved you and done great things for you; yet ye, unthankful as ye are, will not acknowledge it, but are ready to say, Wherein hast thou loved us? Let me then convince you of my favours. Were not Esau and Jacob brothers? did they not both proceed from one womb and from one loins? yet, without all merit of yours or his, I loved Jacob freely and graciously; And, in comparison of you, hated Esau, and his posterity the Idumeans: so as that I have, for your sakes, laid waste those cities, which they inhabited in the mountains, and desolated his heritage by the sword of the Babylonian unrecoverably, so as it is turned desert, and fit only for wild beasts and dragons; whereas I have returned you to your old inheritance in peace.
I. 4 Whereas Edom saith, We are impoverished, but we will return and build the desolate places; thus saith the LORD of hosts, They shall build, but I will throw down; and they shall call them, The border of wickedness, and, The people against whom the LORD hath indignation for ever.
And, howsoever these sons of Esau say, We are indeed brought down, and our cities are spoiled; but why should not we return, as well as ye the sons of Jacob, and build up our ruined towns also? yet, Thus saith the Lord; In vain shall they attempt to repair their wasted cities; for, if they build, I will pull down and I will cause them to be branded with the sensible mark of my displeasure; so as, all the regions about shall call them, The country noted for wickedness, and The people against whom the Lord hath conceived an everlasting indignation; whereas you, O Israel, are embraced with mercy and compassion, and restored to your ancient territories.
I. 5 And your eyes shall see, and ye shall say, The LORD will be magnified from the border of Israel.
And, behold, your very eyes shall be witnesses, both of these my
favours to you, and of this my severity to the sons of Esau; and ye shall be forced to say, The Lord hath well deserved to be praised and magnified, from all the coasts of Israel.
I. 6 A son honoureth his father, and a servant his master: if then I be a father, where is mine honour? and if I be a master, where is my fear? saith the LORD of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name. And ye say, Wherein have we despised thy
This, indeed, I have deserved from you; but how is it performed on your part? A son is wont to honour his father, and a servant his master: ye call me your Father, yourselves my Sons; ye call me your Master, and yourselves my Servants; if then I be your Father, &c. saith the Lord of Hosts, even to you, the guides of my people, O ye the priests of my sanctuary; for even ye, who should be exemplarily holy, even ye have despised my name; and yet ye stand in your own justification, and say, Wherein have we despised thy name?
1.7 Ye offer polluted bread upon mine altar; and ye say, Wherein have we polluted thee? In that ye say, The table of the LORD is contemptible.
Let me tell you then, aud convince you of your sin; ye have cast contempt upon me, in that ye have offered base and unworthy oblations upon mine altar yet still ye stand upon your innocence, and say, Wherein have we cast contempt upon thee? I tell you again, in that ye have a base opinion of the table of the Lord, and think any thing good enough for it.
I. 8 And if ye offer the blind for sacrifice, is it not evil? and if ye offer the lame and sick, is it not evil? offer it now unto thy governor; will he be pleased with thee, or accept thy person? saith the LORD of hosts.
Hath not the law of God expressly forbidden you to offer the blind, or lame, or sick beasts, in sacrifice to God? and is there not good reason? go ye and present such like gifts to your very governors, men like yourselves; will they take them well from your hands. and not rather think that you put a scorn upon them? will they not accordingly send you away with a just scorn, saith the Lord
I. 9 And now, I pray you, beseech God that he will be gracious unto us: this hath been by your means: will he regard your persons? saith the LORD of hosts.
And now, if ye like well of these courses, go on to offer these unmeet and disgraceful oblations to God; and call to him, notwithstanding, that he will be well pleased with them, and with you for them thus ye have done hitherto, and have provoked God against us; see yet, whether he will accept of such offerers and sacrifices; saith the Lord of Hosts.
I. 10 Who is there even among you that would shut the doors for nought? neither do ye kindle fire on mine altar for nought. I have no pleasure in you.
I have not dealt thus with you, but have abundantly recompensed your services which of you is there, among all the Levites of
my Temple, that hath shut the doors of my house, unrewarded? which of you is there, that hath so much as kindled a fire on mine altar, for nought? yet ye have had no regard unto me again. I will be affected to you accordingly; behold, I have no pleasure
I. 11 For from the rising of the sun even to the going down of the same my name shall be great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering. Neither shall my worship and service be confined to you, but I will hereafter enlarge it to all the ends of the world; for, from the rising of the sun to the going down of the same, my Name shall be honoured and adored of the Gentiles, who are as yet without God in the world; and they shall in every place, not in my Temple only, offer pure and holy sacrifices unto me.
I. 12 But ye have profaned it, in that ye say, The table of the LORD is polluted; and the fruit thereof, even his meat, is contemptible.
But, as for you, ye have profaned and abused my Name; in that ye have entertained base conceits of my sacrifices, and have held the oblations offered unto me, as meat vile and contemptible, and unworthy of any other respects than scorn.
I. 13 Ye said also, Behold, what a weariness is it! and ye have snuffed at it, saith the LORD of hosts; and ye brought that which was torn, and the lame, and the sick.
Ye said also, What a toil is this we are put unto, in killing and dividing these base and worthless sacrifices? whereas, would ye but have signified the least dislike of these unmeet oblations, they would have been exchanged for better; but all was alike to you: ye were willing enough to take what was brought you, and to offer that which was torn and lame and sick.
I. 14 But cursed be the deceiver, which hath in his flock a male, and voweth, and sacrificeth unto the Lord a corrupt thing: for I am a great King, saith the LORD of hosts, and my name is dreadful among the heathen.
But, cursed be that hollow and falsehearted Jew, who, having in his flock a male, without spot or blemish, fat and well liking; yet, after his vow, sacrificeth unto the Lord a lean, blemished, unsound female; for I am a Great King, saith the Lord of Hosts: I look for the best, who have made all; and my Name is great and dreadful in all the world: the Gentiles shall adore and magnify it, however it be slighted of my unworthy people of Israel.
II. 3 Behold, I will corrupt your seed, and spread dung upon your faces, even the dung of your solemn feasts; and one shall take you away with it.
Behold, I will punish you with dearth: your seed shall corrupt, and your fields shall yield you no increase; and I will scornfully cast the dung of your sacrifices, in your solemn feasts, upon your faces, and so cover you over with it, that ye shall be carried
away, as a heap of compost: so basely will I cause you to be reputed of my people.
II. 4 And ye shall know that I have sent this commandment unto you, that my covenant might be with Levi, saith the LORD of hosts. And ye shall know, that I have decreed and commanded this contempt to be poured upon you, that ye might repent of your sins, wherewith ye have provoked me, that so, I might continue that covenant, which I made with the tribe of Levi, saith the Lord of Hosts.
II. 5 My covenant was with him of life and peace.
I covenanted with my priesthood of that tribe, to give them preservation and welfare; yea, the life of grace, and true spiritual peace.
II. 7 For the priest's lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth: for he is the messenger of the LORD of
For it is required and expected of the priests of God's Sanctuary, that they should be men of knowledge and heavenly wisdom; so as their breasts should keep, and their lips should express to the people, the right understanding of divine things and to them should the people resort, for their information in the law of God; for God hath appointed them to be his messengers, to deliver his will to men.
II. 10 Have we not all one father? hath not one God created us? why do we deal treacherously every man against his brother, by profaning the covenant of our fathers?
Why do ye tax us for our unlawful marriages with infidels? Was not Adam one common father to us all? Hath not one God created us all? Why do ye therefore charge us, with treacherous dealing with our brethren, and profaning the covenant of our forefathers, in that we do promiscuously match with our heathen neighbours? II. 11 Judah hath dealt treacherously, and an abomination is committed in Israel and in Jerusalem; for Judah hath profaned the holiness of the LORD which he loved, and hath married the daughter of a strange god.
Yes, O ye Jews, think not to evade thus: Judah hath dealt treacherously with God, and with those lawful wives whom they had formerly taken; and an abomination is committed in Israel, and in Jerusalem itself: for Judah hath profaned the holy institution of marriage, which the Lord hath both made and highly respected; and hath taken, as an addition of a second marriage, unto his bed, the daughters of Pagans and Infidels.
II. 12 The LORD will cut off the man that doeth this, the master and the scholar, out of the tabernacles of Jacob, and him that offereth an offering unto the LORD of hosts.
The Lord will not suffer these wicked conjunctions to prosper : he will cut off the man that doth this, together with his posterity, and his abettors, out of the congregation of Israel; and though he should think to pacify God with offerings, yet God will not accept them, or spare him.