7. Comment on these remarks:

(a) In an early age verse is handed down, while prose perishes. (b) An expert writer needs few italics.

(c) The Latin element in a man's style will vary according to

his subject.


8. Give the meaning of these words and phrases:-ad captandum argument, dramatic irony, ex parte statement, oblique narration, solecism. Illustrate your answer by examples. (32)

9. Define a metaphor; and show that, although a good metaphor is necessarily false, it has advantages over a simile, though a simile is always true. Point out the metaphors in the following passage and convert one of them into a simile :- "His words certainly struck me; but I was especially impressed by the personality of the man. He must be a very rock amid the storms and currents of party strife."


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imes I qp its dead."

inue the trees so straight and g

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The vetar prood and tall;

the poplar never dry: weg of forests all;

Tin men pen for area; the cypress funer

What men quo Wing, you strange people? My TASDII for sending away the women was that we mee mpared much discordance as this, for I have

man ought to die in solemn stillness."

of) Moon as the evening shades prevail
The Moon takes up the wondrous tale.
And nightly, to the listening Earth,
Repeats the story of her birth."

The amall boys and girls approacheč ne sm
cautious movement and steady pum

face to face with one of their c

vi tas

had reached the point at which the set is ve

put for a kiss,”

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2. Explain how the destruction of Pompeii became an event of unique interest to us. (25) 3. The Relief of Leyden; The Battle of Plassey; Sir Patrick Spens; The Great Dismal Swamp; The Last of the Incas; Escape from the Bastille. Write a short account of one of the above, and name the authors of the six narratives. (30)

4. Select those authors in the "Reader " whose style you consider conspicuous for any of the following characteristics:-(a) tenderness, (b) dignity, (c) precision, (d) weightiness of manner, (e) minute observation, (f) general mastery of expression.

Give references to illustrate your answer.


5. How was it that in "Utopia" every one was well-off, yet no one needed to work more than six hours a day? (30) 6. In the "Compleat Angler" Piscator speaks of "a handsome milkmaid," who "cast away all care, and sang like a nightingale.” What did she sing? and what was sung back to her in reply? Who wrote the two songs here referred to?

(30) 7. You are shown five passages which you never saw before, written by five different men-Dickens, Milton, Pope, Shakespeare, and Wordsworth: what distinguishing features of style might help you to guess the author of each passage?


8. Give the pith of what Bacon says in praise of Queen Elizabeth, or of what Sir F. Head says about the Red Indian. (25)

9. Name the authors of these lines, and write short notes explaining what is meant :

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(c) "Though I am always serious, I do not know what it is to

be melancholy.

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10. State in what connexion the following are introduced :—the Bayeux tapestry, Blackmail, the Flapper, Knights Templars, Portland stone.


HISTORY (Associateship).

A.D. 1485-1901.

Tuesday, June 18th, 1912.-Morning, 9 to 12.

No candidate is allowed to answer more than EIGHT of the twelve questions.
The questions are of equal value.


1. For what reasons are the reigns of William III, William IV, Victoria to be regarded as epochs in the development of our Constitutional History?

2. Describe the relations of England with Spain from the reign of Henry VII to that of Elizabeth inclusive.

3. Discuss the policy of religious persecution, illustrating your answer specially by reference to the Puritans in England and the Huguenots in France.

4. Give a general account of the causes that led to (a) the establishment of the Commonwealth in England, (b) the Restoration of the Monarchy.

5. Explain three of the following phrases, and write notes on their historical connexion:-The Rights of Man, Church and State, Free Trade, the Continental System.

6. Trace the political and military events that led to the establishment of the United States of America as a separate country.

7. Trace the causes, and give particulars, of (a) the Jacobite Rebellion of 1745 and (b) the Irish Rebellion of 1798.

8. Write a brief sketch of the social and economic changes progressing in England from about 1780 to 1820.

9. Give a brief account of the principal events with which Louis XVI of France and the Emperor William I of Germany were respectively connected.

10. Describe the principal political events in the government of Canada between 1763 and 1841.

11. Trace the political career, and describe the policy, of two of the following statesmen :-Clarendon, Walpole, the Younger Pitt, Disraeli.

12. What extensions of the British Empire resulted from (a) the War of the Spanish Succession, (b) the Wars with the French Republic and with Napoleon?

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GEOGRAPHY (Associateship).

Wednesday, June 19th, 1912.-Afternoon, 3 to 6.

Not more than THREE questions may be attempted in each Section of the Paper. All questions carry equal marks.

Work neatly.


1. Explain exactly how, and why, the wind system moves north and south with the sun, and illustrate the results of the movement on the east coast of the North Atlantic.

2. Explain, with rough diagrams, showing the winter and summer temperatures, the main differences between winter and summer in the British Isles.

3. Locate, and describe, the chief water-parting of Scotland, and show its relation to the railway system.

4. State, in the order of their importance, all the causes which led to the concentration of the cotton industry in Lancashire.

5. Name, locate, and account for the importance of the eight harbours which you consider the most important in the British Isles, naming them in the order of their importance.


6. Draw two rough maps of Europe, and mark off on them belts of temperature-one for winter and the other for summer. If possible, give the actual average temperature of each; and in any case label each with an appropriate badge-e.g., "very cold," 'cold," "cool," "warm,' ""hot," or 66 very hot."


7. Compare the Seine with the Elbe in physical character and economic importance.

8. Show the relation of the soil and climate to the typical vegetation of (a) Newfoundland and (b) Nova Scotia, and describe the distribution of the typical plants in each case.

9. Describe the exact position and the natural advantages of Algiers, Athens, Bordeaux, Florence, Grimsby, New York, Stettin, and Winnipeg.

10. What localities in the British Empire, outside the British Isles, are specially connected with barley-growing, cattle-rearing, coalmining, and salmon-fishing? In each case explain the causes to which the particular industry in due.

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