out. Yet it is remarkable that the word was first known in England in the sense of palm-tree" (Skeat, Ety. Dict.).

1. 7. line of life, this line, which is supposed to indicate the length and character of the life of a person, runs in a curve from the ball of the forefinger across the whole palm or 'table' of the hand.

1. 8. an idle baggage, a silly piece of goods,' as we also say, a hussy; but used good-humouredly.

1. 17. roguish leer, wicked smile.

1. 18. for nothing, without its indicating a fascinating character. 1. 19. uncouth, odd, strange. The literal sense is 'unknown,' from A.S. un-, not, and cúð, known, past participle of cunnan, to know: gibberish, nonsensical talk; formed from 'gibber,' to gabble.

11. 19, 20. like... oracle, like the ambiguous terms in which an oracle was delivered.

1. 26. jocund, merry, in high spirits.

1. 29. palmistry, the so-called science of reading the destiny of a man from the lines in the palm of his hand, but here meaning sleight of hand.

1. 30. vermin, properly such insects as lice, fleas, etc., engendered by dirt, and thence used of any obnoxious creature.

P. 73, 1. 2. Trekschuyt, from Du. trekken, to draw, and schuyt, boat; the Dutch schuyts still bring eels from Holland up the Thames to London.

1. 3, 4. putting off, starting from the wharf.

1. 11. speak readily in, we now omit the preposition.

1. 18. gave him for drowned, assumed that he had been drowned; we should now say, 'gave him up for drowned.' 1. 21. laying together, comparing.

1. 32. our linguist, the boy who was so skilled in various languages.

P. 74, 1. 2. with great reputation, expressing the result of his being so employed.


1. 19. of the moon, of the lunar month.

1. 22. Bagdat, more properly Bághdád, one of the principal cities of Asiatic Turkey, formerly the residence of the Khalifs. 11. 24, 5. airing myself, taking the air.

1. 29. habit, dress.

P. 75, 1. 2. wrought, worked up.

11. 8, 9. My heart... raptures, my heart seemed to be dissolved in ecstasies to which it could not give utterance.

1. 11. a genius, a genie, a spirit.

1. 15. taste, to appreciate duly.

11. 22, 3. familiarized... imagination, made him appear to me like one from whom I need not stand aloof as something supernatural.


P. 76, 1. 8. several broken arches, which indicated that the length of the bridge had once been much greater; The days of our years are threescore years and ten; and if by reason of strength they be fourscore years, yet is their strength labour and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away," Psalms, xc. 10. Cp. the bridges in Tennyson's Gareth and Lynette, 11. 903, 1098. 11. 10, 1. consisted... arches, i.e. that men before the Flood lived to a thousand years.

11. 16-8. dropping ... it, i.e. dying prematurely from accidents,


1. 19. trap-doors, secret causes of death.

11. 22, 3. at the entrance of the bridge, in infancy.

1. 24. the cloud, in which eternity was veiled; for eternity as a state of pre-existence, cp. Wordsworth, Ode on Intimations of Immortality, etc., 58-65, "Our birth is but a sleep and a forgetting; The Soul that rises with us, our life's Star, Hath had elsewhere its setting And cometh from afar; Not in entire forgetfulness And not in utter nakedness But trailing clouds of glory do we come From God, who is our home."

1. 25. thinner, less numerous.

11. 28, 9. that continued... arches, i.e. wearily dragged out their existence to extreme old age.

P. 77, 1. 3. baubles, the fleeting joys of earth.

11. 6-10. I observed... them, i.e. saw men inciting to war and bloodshed; scimitars, curved swords; probably a corruption of the Persian shamshír, a sword, literally the lion's claw; to lie in their way, to be in their direct path.

1. 11. indulge myself, occupy myself longer than was well for me, morbidly dwell upon the subject.

1. 17. harpies, literally the Robbers or Spoilers; in later Greek literature represented as hideous birds with the heads of maidens and long claws, sent by the gods to torment the blind Phineus, and carrying off or defiling every meal set before him. cormorants, sea-crows, voracious gulls.

1. 18. little winged boys, emblematical of loves and desires, Cupid being represented as winged.

1. 19. the middle arches, i.e. middle age.

1. 22. fetched, dew, sc. from my lungs.

1. 25. quit, cease to occupy myself with.

1. 35. adamant, literally that which cannot be conquered, hence frequently used as a synonym for a hard precious stone, the diamond, which is a doublet of adamant.

P. 78, 1. 12. seats, habitations.

11. 26, 7. every_island... inhabitants, probably an allusion to Christ's words (John, xiv. 2), "In my Father's house are many mansions"; many not in number only, but in variety, and adapted to the characteristics of individual souls.

II. 33-6. the secrets... adamant, the secrets of the final habitation of the wicked.


No. 191.

P. 79, 1. 9. schoolmen, the disputants of the logical and metaphysical schools of the middle ages in Europe, who thought all knowledge was to be obtained by pursuing the Aristotelic methods of throwing everything into syllogisms.

1. 24. such nice circumstances, circumstances of such a perplexing character, requiring such delicate discrimination.

1. 25. violate his neutrality, show partiality, inclination to one rather than the other.

1. 28. has a mind to, is inclined to.

P. 80, 11. 2, 3. stand... competition, are in a position of rivalry in which none have any advantage over others.

1. 10. because... Lord, because it is the number of the present year, A.D.

11. 10, 11. a tacker... 134, "In the year 1704 a bill was brought into the House of Commons against occasional conformity; and in order to make it pass through the House of Lords, it was proposed to tack it to a money-bill. This occasioned warm debates, and at length it was put to the vote; when 134 were for tacking: but a large majority being against it, the motion was overruled, and the bill miscarried" (Ferguson).

1. 12. dissenter, one who dissents from the doctrines and form of worship of the Church of England. Such are the Methodists, Baptists, Independents, Moravians, etc., etc.


11. 15, 6. because beast, "Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; his number is six hundred three-score and six," Revelations, xiii. 18. The dissenter is "a great enemy to popery" (1. 13), and by bigots "the beast" was identified with the Pope.

11. 18, 9. to find... number, to choose a number that represents their own age.

11. 20, 1. a pretty... ciphers, the figures of which by their position seem symmetrical, or perhaps only figures that happen to look pleasing to the eye when written down.

1. 23. thinks... lot, fancies he has the best chance of drawing the first prize.

11. 24, 5. the Golden Number, here golden is used in a double sense, (1) with a reference to the 'Golden Number' of the Prayer Book used in calculating the date on which Easter-day falls, (2) with a reference to the sense of 'golden' as precious.

1. 28. will be exerting, cannot refrain from exerting.


1. 30. acted, actuated; frequently in this sense in former times, cp. The Spectator, No. 287, If I shall be told that I am acted by prejudice, I am sure it is an honest prejudice; Pope, Essay on Man, ii. 59, "Self-love, the spring of motion, acts the soul." So, conversely, Massinger, The Roman Actor, iv. 2. 28, used "actuate" for "act," "Or actuate what you command to me." 11. 34, 5. Diseurs de bonne Avanture, tellers of good luck. publish their bills, set up their notices, advertisements.

11. 35, 6. turned ... advantage, made profit out of our lotteries. P. 81, 1. 1. a caster... figures, a calculator of what figures would be lucky; an astrological phrase.


1. 3. Post-Boy, another of the newspapers of the day. 11. 8, 9. Bible ... Crowns, the 'sign' of the tavern. 'signs' still are used in the case of taverns, inns, and in former days were also hung over private houses, their places being now taken by numbers on the doors.

1. 11. coffee-house theorists, frequenters of coffee-houses who are ever propounding and discussing some theory or other. versation, manner of life, conduct.


1. 12. canvassed, examined, discussed; literally sifted through


1. 14. powers, values when combined, though Addison is perhaps using the term vaguely.

11. 15, 6. extracted... root, of course said jestingly, there being neither square or cube root of the number.

1. 25. rally, banter, teaze; merely another form of to 'rail.'

1. 30. of it, we should now say 'on it.'

11. 31, 2. strong, vivid: that I have... lot, sc. in his imagination; possessed, taken possession of.

1. 34. set up an equipage, bought a carriage and horses.

P. 82, 1. 11. extravagance, wildness of imagination, though with a reference to the literal extravagance of which Gossling had been guilty.

1. 12. expensive, addicted to spending money.

11. 13, 4. live up... possessions, regulate our expenditure not by what we actually possess, but by what we expect some day to become possessed of; spend up to the limits of our expectations, not those of our income. make a figure, indulge in a display.

1. 16. disburse, here used to mean 're-imburse.'

1. 17. place, appointment, office. reversion, property to which we may be heirs on the death of somebody.

1. 19. break, become bankrupt.

1. 23. contingent, dependent upon some event which may or may not come to pass.

1. 24. occasions romantic generosity, leads us to indulge in a generosity of an extravagant character; from the French 'romances,' tales of a fantastic nature, we get the word 'romantic' in the sense of high-flown, extravagant. chimerical, see note, p. 23, 1. 7.

1. 26. live above ... circumstances, spend more than his income. 11. 30, 3. It should be... possess, cp. Bacon, Essays, Of Expence, 'Ordinary Expence ought to be limited by a man's estate; and governed with such regard as it be within his compass.'




P. 83, 1. 4. province, sphere, scope of action. 1. 9. numerous, crowded.

1. 15. wainscot, boarding, railing in front; Skeat, who derives the word from 'wain,' i. e. waggon, and 'shot,' says, "The original sense would appear to be wood used for a board or partition in a coach or waggon, which seems to have been selected of the best quality; hence it came to mean boards for panel-work, and lastly, panelling for walls”

1. 16. Trunk-maker, maker of leather-covered boxes to contain clothes, etc., especially when carried on a journey.

1. 25. the rather, all the more because; the, ablative of the demonstrative pronoun, that.

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