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A party of gentlemen sailed on the 17th ultimo trom New Orleans, with a design to visit and examine the ruins of Palenque.
ATLANTIC STEAM NAVIGATION. The British steamer Britania, on her late passage from England to Halifax, run on the first full day out, 126 miles; 2d. 165; 3d, 169; 4th, 130; 5th, 212; 6th, 200; 7th, 222; 8th, 212; 9th, 190; 10th, 220; 11th, 248; 12th, 264.
NEW AND DESTRUCTIVE GUN. We have just examined a gun, the invention of Dr. Thompson, of Smith county, Tenn., which may be fired fifty times in less than fifty seconds, and with much precision. There are but four bar
rels with fifty breach pieces, all loaded, and successively
ARMORY AT HARPER'S FERRY. A report from the ord
DIVING INVENTIONS. Col. Payerne, of London, exhi- METALLIC LEGS. M. Miguel Munoz has petitioned bits means whereby persons are enabled to remain un-te Mexican government for the exclusive right of mak der water in diving bells any desirable time within the ing metallic legs, of his invention, during the term of ten limits of twenty-four hours, without a supply of fresh air years. He represents them as far superior to any other from above, by taking down in the bell two chemical kind of artificial legs hitherto invented. With one of substances-the one to absorb the carbonic acid gas as these legs, he says, a man can walk, or even dance, fast as generated by the lungs-the other to give out oxy- without the aid of cruiches. gen gas to supply the place of that consumed. The first. of these is found in pure potassa, which readily absorbs half its own weight of carbonic acid gas;-the other, is the sulphate of potassa, which, when heated, gives out a With these two very large proportion of pure oxygen. simple bodies CP. lately descended in a diving bell to the bed of the Thames, where he remained for seven hours, cut off from all communication with the upper air, without experiencing any of the unpleasant effects usu ally attendant upon such experiments.
BANKS Virginia On the 15th instant, less than a FIRE AT HARRISBURG. The extensive iron works at fortnight hence, the Virginia banks will resume specie Harrisburg, Pa. known as Hunt's Rolling Mill and Nail payments in full for all their issues. The approach of factory, were destroyed by fire on Wednesday night.this event has had the effect of gradually improving the Loss estimated at $20,000 or 30,000-partly insured. rates of exchange between Baltimore and Virginia, until they have reached a healthful condition. Yesterday FLOUR is quoted at Cincinnati at $2.62. At that price dratis on Richmond, Petersburg, &c. were at 1 per cent. it attracts speculators, and shipme its have been made of discount, and bank notes at 14 a 12 per cent discount.-1.000 bbls. to Cleaveland for the British market through Canada Wheat is also taken thence to Cleaveland, at 16 cents per bushel freight; flour 84 cents per barrel.Freights from Cincinnati to Buffalo, for flour, 1.00; to New York 185; to Boston, 200.
Notes of the Wheeling banks were at a discount of 41⁄2 a per cent. We observe that the Wheeling papers quote exchange on the east at 3 per cent. premium.
Prices of good brands at New York, 5.12.
CHARGE TO DENMARK. Isaac Rand Jackson, esq. United States charge d'affaires at the court of Denmark, died at Copenhagen, on the 27th of July, after an illness of three weeks.
ENCAMPMENT. Between twelve and twenty military companies are now assembled in encampment, at Eas ton, Pennsylvania.
STEAM EXCAVATOR -The Russian government, says the Philiadelphia Express, has ordered one of the exca vating machines invented by the late William H. O is, and made by Messrs. Eastwick & Harrison, corner of CANADA. The son of the famous L. J. Papineau, the Twelfth and Willow streets. The cost of excavating Canadian patriot,' has been returned to the provincial with this machine, is about two cents per cubic yard. FLORIDA INDIANS. The Georgia Union of 23d ult. The original cost of the machine itself is $6,000. The parliament for the county of Ottawa. Montreal and Toronto papers anticipate the speedy recall of his father publishes an express received by the governor from Tone ordered by Russia, is to be used in grading the route from exile. This step would tend gready to concilin e S. T. Knight, dated on 14 h, detailing an attack by 40 of the rail road which is about to be made in that country. the French population of the province, with whom Pa- Indians upon residents of Lowndes county, five of whom were killed and six mortally wounded. The citi pineau has great influence. Captain Crawley, of the royal engineers, has been zens collected and the Indians fled to the swamps. The ordered by the British government to survey the line of a them in Jefferson county on the 13 h inst., and the murFlorida Star of 18th inst. details an attack by a party of canal which shall unite the waters of the St. Lawder and wounding of eight citizens. Col. Bailey with rence with the Bay of Fundy.
10 or 15 volunteers went in pursuit overtook them at
CHINA The Horatio arrived at New York on the 31st Aug, 103 days from Canton. The rumor of the Chinese offering to purchase a peace is not confirined. Details of the repulse of their troops from Ningpo have been received. Some American vessels had encounter ed in erruption, and a boat of the Constellation frigate is said to have been insulted by the firing upon her of grape which feil short of her, for all of which affronts, on demand of Captain Kearney, ample atonement was made. The French are increasing their force in the Chinese scas. Attacks are threatened upon Hongkong, and again upon Ningpo. The British troops were on an expedition to attack Hangchowtoo.
DEATHS during the last week in New York, 193, viz: 33 men, 32 women. 70 boys, and 63 girls. In Philadelphia 113, of which 50 were under two years of age, and 13 were colored persons.
No decided case of yellow fever had occurred in Orleans up to the 6th ultim
CAST IRON BUILDING. Buildings of cast iron are dai-
from whose labors a biography may at no distant day
tains an address delivered at Caraccas on the anniver-
MEXICO. J. L. Dorsey, bearer of despatches left Vera Cruz on the 18th for Washington. He brings an abus. dance of hostile rumors against Yucatan, Texas and the United States All the Texan prisoners had been liberated-some had died of the yellow fever; the rest have left or were leaving the country. M. Bocanegra had resigned his seat in the ca net, and was succeeded by Mr. Alaman, minister of foreign affairs under Iturbide Gen. Lobednier had been ordered to the Texan frontier.
The new British consul to Texas, Captain Elliott, arrived at New Orleaus on the 5th inst, on his way to the new republic.
CONSULS. The president of the United States has re-
of Boston; and Edward Beck as consul of Denmark for
MAINE LANDS. A sale of about fifty thousand acres of COTTON of the new crop hrs been received at New wild land was made in Maine last week. The prices Orleans, Mobile, Savannah and Charleston. The quali ran from five cents an acre to forty-two and a halt. The ty is represented as good, and its appearance is two average was fificeu cents for lands which cost the own weeks earker than usual. We see it stated in the south-ers, some six or seven years ago, from one dollar to two ern papers that the present crop, so far promises to be the dollars and a half per acre. largest ever known in this country.
STEAMER. The French steamer Gomer has proceed. ed from New York to Norfolk, where the French razee frigate Circe is now undergoing repairs.
MISSOURI LEGISLATURE. The Jefferson Inquirer fur
TREATY WITH GREAT BRITAIN. The injunction of secrecy has not been removed from the senatorial execu denied the statement published originally in the N. Y. tive proceedings on this subject. Senator Tappan has papers of his having voted in opposition to the ratifica tion. Lord Ashburton received the hospitaltteis of the city of Boston on the 27th ult. and on the 1st Sept. par'The took of a public entertainment at New York. Warspite is under sailing orders.
THE CABINET. The secretary of the treasury has returned to the seat of government recovered from his indisposition. The secretary of state left Washington on the 1st instant, on a visit to his seat at Marshfield, Mas
WHEAT. 4000 bushels James River sold on the 27th at
New York, for 1.00; Lilinois brought 104,
RECEIPT IN PART. A late North Carolina paper contains the following queer acknowledgment: June 21, 1842. Received from the sheriff of Parson county, N. C 39 lashes in part of a debt due ine from the cominon wealth, (for bigamy), to be paid in two other annual iaEDWARD A. CALLAHAN." staiments. TENNESSEE. Since the resumption of the Tennessee banks the currency in that state is assuming a more healthy and settled condition. The Nashville Whig of the 11th inst., speaking of the money affairs of Nashville, says:
"Memphis and Branch bank of Tennessee notes pass freely for goods, and were yesterday received for auction sales. For specie and exchange, they stil rate 3 a 5 per cent. below Planters' and Union notes, the whole of which are now redeemable in specie at Nashville. Alabama money, sales at 40 dis. for Mobile, 30 do for Tuscaloosa, Montgomery and Decatur, 18 do. for Huntsville. Exchange on the east, sight and short sight 2 a 2 per cent prem. for specie or city notes."
JUNCTION OF THE RED SEA AND THE MEDITERRANEAN. The Frankfort Journal publishes a lester, dated Trieste, the 11th ubuno, stating that Mehemet Ali had assured whigs-the-ream of his life, ne junction of the Red Sea and the French engineer, Mogel, that he wished to realize the Mod erranean, by means of a canal. For thi purdose the Pasha had wr tea to Mr. Brunel, the engineer who executed the Thames Tunnel, proposing to him to undertake this work.
FIFTH SERIES. NO. 2.-VOL. XIII.]
BALTIMORE, SEPTEMBER 10, 1842,
THE PAST THE PRESENT--FOR THE FUTURE.
PRINTED AND PUblished, EVERY SATURDAY, BY JEREMIAH hughes, editor and propRIETOR, AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
Restore the millions at this mofrom public use. ment hoarded, to the currency of the country, and we have resources far more to be relied upon than any new bank facilities would afford us.
domestic resources, the most salutary results may be anticipated as time advances and opportunities are offered for the resuscitation of the prostrate entri-ergies of the country. We hope that party violence will not be permitted to overthrow this well begun system. The people cannot fail to sustain it, if they truly understand the real nature of the issue that is made up on this question, and begin to realize the benefits that flow from this domestic and genuinely American policy."
Another friendly result of the settlement of this question will be experienced in its influence upon the condition of the public treasury. That had besold of the twelve millions loan authorized at the come so exceedingly embarrassed and out of credit, that it appears that the whole amount that has been extra session, fourteen or fifteen months ago, is less than two millions of dollars! and to get that, 2 per cent. was generally allowed on a 6 per cent. stock. The project of negociating the balance without an evidence of more steady resources for replenishing the treasury, was absolutely hopeless. The whole amount of treasury notes, which remained on the 23d ult. to be legally issued, was only $116,951, (not including those paid in for lands, and therefore, reissuable.)
The Baltimore Sun of the 8th, commences a long editorial with "As we predicted a few days since, public confidence is in a state of revival in the business world, in consequence of the enactment of the tariff law." The foregoing extracts must suffice. A temporary effect upon the price of foreign articles in the market, would of course result from a settlement of so important a question, let it be setAccording to the official communication of the tled as it might. Speculators would seize the occasion to make the most of the money or credit which they could control in "a fair business transaction." Large sums are always won or lost in every fluctua-acting secretary of the treasury, dated the 23d ult. $200,000 cellaneous services, estimated at tion of national policy, by adventurers upon proba- the then present liabilities of the department were, bilities. Less has been won and lost on this occasion "On account of civil, diplomatic and mis1,500,000 775,000 than usual, because the embarrassments of the times very materially restricted adventurers, and because Service of military department, estimatof the absolute uncertainty of what would be the result between the advocates of the measure on one side, and the opponents and intrinsic difficulties of the measure on the other. If some few merchants shall be fortunate enough to realize a profit upon a part of their goods on hand, it is but a small offset for the immense losses that we all know they have sustained during the tedious tendency of the prices of every thing they have had in store, down, down, down, until it seemed as if there were no bottom. Great vicissitudes in prices are disastrous to the community. If some make fortunes by them, far more are ruined. Hence the evil of fluctuations in
To this is to be added the amount retained to meet the payment of trust funds, the sum estimated as payable to the states under the distribution act, the
We have a number of articles similar to the above brought by the last mails, but for which room cannot at present be afforded beyond the following: The New York Commercial of the 3d says: "Con-national policy. Stability in prices is one of the interest payable on the public debt on the 30th Sepfidence in a better state of things is becoming more fairest reliances for general prosperity, and that can tember, and the amount which will probably be regeneral, and most business men begin to feel that we only be insured by permanence in a system of policy.quired for redemption of treasury notes and interest; We cannot anticipate a very It is therefore, fervently to be hoped, that though being an aggregate of $1,180,000.” have seen the worst. large business, nor if it were practicable, do we con- this may, and will no doubt, on experience, be found sider that it would be desirable. The means of the to require amendment in some particulars, yet that community have been materially reduced. The cir- as a system, it may be maintained and perpetuated. The settlement of the tariff question will exerculation of the banks is at a very low point, and although they could safely expand, and would gladly cise a favorable influence upon the currency and do so, yet an increase of discounts must take place money concerns of the country. The transition from with the general restoration of confidence, and found- uncertainty to certainty is of itself calculated to restore much of that confidence, the loss of which ed upon the legitimate wants of the community." The New York Express of Tuesday says: "The was every where so grievously experienced. Men tariff is felt already. We have seen gentlemen from will feel at once assured that things are not now go- posture in which the enactment of the tariff bill will New Jersey who informs us that up to the presenting to be still worse than they have been. The im- place concerns, we may refer to the expedient adoptime more than forty mills that had been closed, pression that the tide, so long ebbing, is about once ted by congress, at the suggestion of the treasury deare to be speedily opened. In the iron regions the more to flow, will be rationally inspired. The inse-partment, for obviating these immediate difficulties. ore which has been on the banks of the canal as parable connection between the commercial, manu- A law was enacted at the very close of the session, quiet as stones, and almost of as little value, is con- facturing, and agricultural interests will soon be de authorising the treasurer to substitute an issue of tracted for. In this city there is an evident im-monstrated by that activity which, restoring a whole-treasury notes for the principal part of the unsubprovement in trade; confidence begins to increase, some condition to the depressed branches will im- scribed loan,-a resort which certainly would never particularly among manufacturers. The settlement mediately communicate to the others. He that lives have been relied upon, if dependence had not been of the controversy with Great Britain and the pas- by producing, will be gladdened by the renovated felt upon an improved condition of the treasury unsage of the tariff law are calculated to give confi-health and vigor of those who purchase, manufac-der the new tariff law. dence and to inspire a belief that things will be iure, or consume his surplus. À market is insured
Under the then existing laws, the treasury estimates of funds to accrue from customs, up to the 1st As a proof of the confidence inspired by the new January next, was only four and a half millions, and from miscellaneous sources $50,000.
at home for much, that foreign countries will not take
Whether the law will furnish an adequate revenuc, is only to be ascertained by experiment. There is year will scarcely furnish adequate data to judge of course, wide differences of opinion. A single As a farther effect of the turn of tide, capitalists from. The prostrate condition of trade-the excess will no longer seek to hoard their money in iron of importations induced by having for some months chesis, leather purses, and long stockings, as being no duties levied upon many articles, which all parties the most profitable investment they could for the expected duties would be laid upon during the sestime make of it,-a practice which is invariably pur- sion just expired, and a variety of other peculiar sued so long as prices tend downwards. By hoard- circunstances, will prevent the customary operation ing and thereby diminishing the amount in circula- of the law, as a revenue measure, from being at tion, they contrive more rapidly to increase its value once experienced. We would rather-far rather, than they could do by investing it. The moment that it should fall short of, than exceed during its that the tide turns, this inducement fails. They first year's operation, what the treasury may annualmust now put their money to some use, or it will ly require. It is not the temporary deficiency of a “A gradual return to the full flood tide of enter-yield them neither income nor an accumulated va- few millions that effects the credit of the public prise and prosperity is to be desired in preference to lue. That secret they will soon find out, for they treasury. Let capitalists see that adequate revenue The country has probably are mostly sharp sighted people. The amount of will usually accrue, or that they may depend upon any sudden movements. learned some useful lessons upon the necessity of money withdrawn from circulation by the propensi- its being permanently provided, if it fails in amount, prudence and caution in matters of business-that ty for hoarding, partly with a view of availing of its and there will be no difficulty experienced. Withthere is such a thing as over doing--and that indus- increased value, and partly from a want of confi- out being at all confident in our judgment on the try and economy, while they constitute the surest dence in any investment offered during a general de- subject, we venture the opinion, that the tariff will A restoration of confidence of the goverement when brought down, as we hope means for the acquisition of wealth, constitute also preciation of prices, is in amount far beyond what supply a sufficient sum to meet the current expenses most people suppose. gradually calls out the one portion, and the arrest of to see them, to an econ mical gage. We regard the the downward tendency of prices immediately calls probability of getting them down to that mark, as out the other thus unprofitably "hid in a napkin" vastly increased by holding on to the purse strings
The Boston Mail of Saturday says: "Since the passage of the tariff bill, the business of this city The transportations for the has taken a new start. last two days have been on an extensive scale." The Baltimore American of the 7th says: "Since the passage of the tariff bill a better state of things has succeeded to the previous depression in almost every department of business. It is now considered that a firm basis is established upon which operations may be conducted with some assurance as to results. The general feeling in the community is more cheerful and lively than it has appeared to be at any time within the last few years.
the best foundation for a stable fortune.
CONTENTS OF NO. 2, VOL. 13.
FOREIGN AFFAIRS-riots in England-ministerial umph in France-American minister in Spain-war between Turkey and Persia, &c.
REMEDIAL JUSTICE-act to ensure.
STATES OF THE UNION -New York, apportionment bill passed.
TREATY WITH GREAT BRITAIN-message of the pre
THE AMERICAN TARIFF. The effects of the happy settlement of this long agitated question, begin already to be felt. All the public papers from the commercial as well as from the manufacturing sections of the Union assume a more cheerful tone, and speak with confidence of the revival of business and a gradual restoration of confidence. Of the 200,000 persons believed to be out of employment, east of the Hudson river, and which number was rapidly increasing, we learn from papers from thence, a large number will be again employed the present month. We have notices on every hand of factories that have been suspended, being about to resume work, and once more inquiring for hands.
The N. Y. American says: "The Mattewan factory set 400 hands to work last Monday." "Mr. Tech, late of the firm of Philips, Dodge & Co., left here on Saturday to put his factory in operation at Haverstraw, which employs over 200 persons;" "20,000 persons, who were idle a month ago, are again at work."
If party politics can be kept from subverting the firm foundation now laid for the establishment of national interests on the basis of home industry and
Vol. XIII-SIG. 2.
Service of navy department, estimated at
Say altogether in round numbers, five millions of in the treasury except what is as above, held in trust for distribution, &c. dollars. To meet this, there are 'no available funds'
Pass laws which will give the government money upon between Lord Ashburton, on the part of Great thy portion of the people have been sworn in as speplenty, and they are apt to use it freely. Let the Britain and the American government. The terms cial constables by hundreds. In Preston the rioting people feel that every new appropriation requires an on which it is to be settled, so far as they were then was only stayed by the military firing on the mob, additional tax, and you have an incentive to vigi-known, were very unpopular. The idea (errone- the result of which was that many of the rioters lance and scrutiny which can alone save from ex-ous) of G. Britain paying the sum of $300,000 to the were severely wounded, some of whom have since travagance, and which can in no other manner be states of Maine and Massachusetts, and then to re- died. In Halifax, on the 12th. the mob was disperimburse Maine for the expense she had been at in sed at the point of the bayonet, yet the rioting at this inspired. completely scouted. The place has not been quelled. This morning, the acOther effects of the enactment of the law we shall defending the territory, ascertain a week or two hence, when the British and universal feeling in the country was, if the land in dis- counts from there are alarming in the extreme; buFrench papers announcing the fact of its passage pute belongs to America let her have it; but if it siness was at a stand, and the rioters have had seveare received. The last papers from thence were really belongs to Great Britain, let her keep it at ral collisions with the military, in which not only The Acadia carried out letters in reply to some of the rebels have been wounded, but numbers teeming with exultation from the presses of all par- any cost. ties there upon the reception of President Tyler's those brought by the Columbia written in Liverpool of the military besides, and one or two of each have on the 19th preceding-being thus a few hours over been killed. In the potteries, the mob have had re veto of the little tariff bill, which was hailed as a course to the destruction of property by fire. In harbinger of the fate of the system. A sad reverse 24 days crossing from and recrossing to Liverpool. The queen prorogued parliament on the 12th after Oldham, Middleton, Chorley, Blackburn, Stockport, awaits their speculations upon the occasion. The Paris Siecle, for instance, says: "Our manufactu- the most important session since the passage of the Burslem, Bolton, Wigan, and, indeed, in every town rers are safe for some months, perhaps for ever, from reform bill. Her speech on the occasion developes where large numbers of workmen are employed, the hostile projects of the whigs. We advise the nothing. She "continues to receive from all foreign nearly the same scenes have occurred as those at French mercantile houses who trade with the United powers assurances of their friendly disposition. Al- Manchester. Not less than twenty persons have States not to neglect to improve the present state of though she deeply laments the reverses which have been killed, the numbers wounded cannot with any things. If we had a national ministry, the oppor-befallen a division of the army in the westward of certainty be judged. The queen has issued a procla tunity would be excellent for connecting with us in the Indus, yet she has the satisfaction of reflecting mation, setting forth that in divers parts of the counour political system those of the American states that the gallant defence of the city of Jellalabad, try serious riots have occurred, and denouncing such crowned by a decisive victory in the field, has emi- acts as unlawful, offering a reward of fifty pounds for that desire a tariff adapted only for revenue." The expression of both English and French pres-nently proved the courage and discipline of the Eu- the apprehension of every person who on trial shall ses,-ministerial and opposition-were all set to the ropean and native troops, and the skill and fortitude be convicted of having taken part in the riots, with a free pardon to any accomplice who will give evisame key on the subject. The fact is, it was a ques- of their distinguished commander." dence against his associates. In Manchester and tion between American interests and foreign interests. Preston, the rioters have become less violent, and the The duration of the majority of the mills are again in operation. There THE LATE SESSION. session of congress just closed, was 269 days. The have also been some riots in the mining districts of second long session under Mr. Van Buren's adminisScotland. tration continued 229 days and was the longest that As population and the had then ever occurred. number of representatives increase, both business The queen was about to visit Scotland. It was and the difficulty of doing business increase of course. Yet according to the account furnished in the Intel-expected that she would embark at Woolwich, Auligencer of the 7th inst. the proportion of business gust 29, in the yacht Royal George, accompanied by transacted, is largely in favor of the last session com- Prince Albert, and several of the ministry, including sir Robert Pecl. pared with the above session, viz:
New elections to parliament. For Nottingham, Mr. Walter, of the London Times, is elected in opposition to Mr. Sturge, the abolitionist. For Southampton, Messrs. Midmay aud Hope, conservatives, in opposition to Lord Nugent and Mr. George Thompson. For Ipswich, Messrs. Gladstone and Fox, conservatives, in opposition to Messrs. Thombury, radical, and Vincent, chartist.
At the 2d long session under Mr. V. B. 716 reports were made, 523 bills reported, and 211 passed the house.
At the present session 1,098 reports were made; 610 bills reported, and 299 bills passed, besides about 100 private bills matured, engrossed, and ready for final passage at the ensuing session, but retained by the house because the senate were occupied by the treaty and other more important subjects.
The general result, says the Intelligencer, is, "that this congress has made more reports, passed more laws, and done more important business than any congress which ever convened since the formation of the government" and that too although a considerable portion of this time was exhausted in discussing executive vetoes and protests.
It further appears that the last session transacted more than double the business transacted during the long session under J. Q. Adams' administration, which lasted 171 days, and during which 251 reports were made, 291 bills reported, and 154 bills passed the
Messrs. Harnden & Co. have a letter from London which states that "the house of sir Robert Peel, at Tamworth, was surrounded by a mob on the night of the 18th and burnt. Troops were sent from Birmingham to quell the riot.
The duke of Wellington is appointed commanderin-chief of the army, in place of Lord Hill, who resigned on account of ill health.
The ministerial candidate M. Sauzet, was re-elected president of the chamber of deputies on the 2d August. On the first ballot he received 210 votes; Odillon Barrot 131; M. Dufaure 39; and there were 46 scattering votes. On the second ballot the oppoThe weather had been remarkably fine in Eng-sition united on M. Dufaure, who had 184 votes, and land. Two weeks of glorious sunshine had ripened the ministerial party on M. Sauzet, who had 227, the crops, and enabled the farmers to get them in, and was chosen by a majority of 43. On the 6th, in good order. The barley and wheat crops were three of the ministerial candidates were chosen vice large. All accounts agree that the crops generally presidents. The 4th, M. Belleyme had 162 votes, and M. de Tracy, the highest opposition candidate, were good-above the average. 155. On the 9th, the president of the council laid before the chamber of deputies the regency bill, which he introduced by an interesting speech, explanatory of the principles on which it is based. The bill fixes the age at which the king attains his majority at eighteen. From the moment of the king's death, if the successor be under age, the prince nearest the throne, in the order of succession established by the The funds were higher, and money was abundant. charter of 1830, and 21 years of age, is to be investSERIOUS TUMULTS. There had been serious distur-ed with the regency, during the whole period of the to bebances in the manufacturing districts, particularly minority. The full and entire exercise of the royal those of the principal cotton manufactures. It began authority in the name of the king under age, in a general turn out for higher wages. It is pro- long to the regent. The safe-keeping and guardiannounced to be the result of a political conspiracy of ship of the king whilst under age is to belong to the the chartists. The papers are full of the details of queen or princess his mother, if not married again, The interfer- and in default thereof, to his grandmother, if not marproceedings in the different towns. ence of the military was necessary in various instan- ried again. The committee to whom the bill was ces, and troops were despatched by railway from referred, reported unanimously in favor of it; there London. The disturbances had in a considerable was no doubt but that it would pass. degree subsided.
NEW TARIFF MEAT. The Barnsley market, for the first time since the new tariff came into operation, was supplied with salted American beef and pork. The first at 4d. per pound, and the latter 34; several of the upper class of inhabitants, out of curiosity, purchased some, and on trial, acknowledged it to be excellent. There was a quantity disposed of to the working part of the inhabitants.
The ceremony of interring the remains of the duke of Orleans took place on the 4th ult. with imposing solemnities.
It is expected that the chamber of deputies will be prorogued on the 25th inst. In spite of the opposi tion of M. Dufaure, ministers have secured their own presidents, twelve out of fourteen of the vice presidents and secretaries of the chamber, whilst the commission appointed to prepare the address to the throne, seven out of nine belong to the ministerial party.
The special session of the 25th congress 1837, lasted 46 days, during which only 10 bills and 1 joint resolution were passed. At the extra session of 1841 which lasted 106 days, 26 bills and 6 joint resolutions were passed.
The appropriation bill passed at the long session 1832 on the 5th May,-in 1834 on the 27th June,-in 1836 on the 9th May,-in 1838 on the 6th April,-in 1840 on the 8th May,-in 1842 on the 20th April.
Wilmer's American News Letter of 19th says: During the last ten days, the whole of the manufacturing The apportionment bills of 1801, 1811, 1822 and 1832 districts have been in the greatest possible commotion, and the minds of the peaceably disposed inhabe occupied the house an average of 30 days each. The tariff bills of 1816, 1824, 1828 and 1832 occu- itants filled with the utmost alarm; at the time we pied the house an average of 69 days each. "If the write, most of the manufacturing towns in Lancausual time spent by preceding congresses in the dis-shire, Cheshire, Yorkshire, Staffordshire and Warcussion and passage of similar bills be deducted from wickshire, are in a state of insurrection, and it is imthe time during which this congress has been in ses- possible to say what will be the result. The rioting sion, it would leave 170 days as the length of the first began to assume a serious aspect in Manchester, session fairly applicable to the transaction of the where the workmen turned out from the mills, with the ostensible pretext for higher wages. Subseother business of the session. This is about the ave rage time of the long sessions under Mr. Adams' ad- quently, however, it became evident that the turn out ministration, is thirty-two days shorter than the ave- originated in motives of politics, and the cry now rage length of the long sessions under Gen. Jackson, every where is "the charter, or no work." and is fifty-two days shorter than the average duration of the long sessions under Mr. Van Buren.
The Semaphore of Marseilles, of the 13th instant, states that the Levoisier steam ship was about to proceed to Morocco to demand satisfaction for an insult offered by some soldiers of that power to the French flag. It appears that a boat, belonging to Captain The turn outs at first amounted only to a few hun- Turpin's division, had been fired upon. The squaddred persons, but these, having taken the authorities ron of rear admiral Hugon had moved from the isby surprise, went about from mill to mill, unmolest- lands of Hyeres to Ajaccio. The Rhone corvette, ed, demanding the hands employed in them to turn with the officer on board who is to command the out, until their numbers amounted to many thou- French naval station on the coast of New Zealand, sands. Whenever their demands were not complied has sailed for that destination. At length, the magistrates The steamer Caledonia. Capt. Lott, left Liverpool with, force was used. THE AMERICAN MINISTER AT THE SPANISH COURT. on the 19th August with 77 passengers, 11 of which and the peaceable inhabitants became seriously athe left at Halifax, and there took in 18 and reached larmed, and the military were called out, when the Washington Irving, esq. addressed the following Boston on the 31st, having a passage of 13 days. work of slaughter began. No sooner was this intel- speech to the regent, when presenting to him his creThe royal mail steamer Acadia had arrived at ligence conveyed to Preston and the other manufac-dentials: "I have the honor of handing to your highness, as Liverpool in nine and a half days from Halifax,ing towns than similar scenes occurred. Expresses and 11 days 18 hours from Boston, carrying intelli- were sent to London and Ireland for troops which regent of the kingdom, a letter from the president of gence that the terms of a treaty for the settlement of have been drawn from all quarters into the districts the United States of America, accrediting me as enthe north eastern boundary question had been agreed where the rioting exists, and the respectable or wel- voy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to
this court. In presenting you this letter I speak the
attacked Ningpo and were allowed to penetrate to military force already under arms. All classes
The Canton Press of May 14th, says: We hear
The regent replied: "I am happy to receve the assurance of the most good wishes of the president of the United States towards my queen and country. I share the sentiments of the successor of the illustrious Washington, and feel deeply interested in his glory, and most ardently desire the consolidation of the liberty and glory of the United States. I am likewise delighted, sir, that you should have been chosen to convey to me the wishes of your government." Advices from Madrid of the 8th instant, mention that a commission of senators, deputies and capitalists had met to examine two plans of loans, having for their object to raise money on the 120,000,000 reals remaining of the 160,000,000 of royal bonds.- That paper of a previous date has the following:One of these plans proposes to give only 80,000.000 We understand that commodore Kearney, whose for the 120,000,000, the other but 60,000,000, or one-ship still remains at Whampoa, and will be joined half the amount, the remainder to be paid in protest- there by the Boston, had some difficulty at first to ed bills of the government. Barcelona was tranquil convey a communication to the local authorities of Canton, the Hong merchants being desirous that it should pass through their hands, which the commodore refused. It was at last settled that an officer from the Constellation, a lieutenant of marines, should deliver the letter, and he in consequence went up to Canton, and was there received, at the Consoohouse by the Kwangheep (military commandant of Canton) to whom it was handed. An answer has, we learn, been since sent to the frigate at Whampoa. The subject of the correspondence is, we believe, the attack on the boat of the Morrison, on the 22d of May last, when a Mr. Sherry was killed by the Chinese, and the authorities of Canton excuse or palliate this event by stating that the boat was attacked at a momentof great excitement and disorder, when it was difficult to distinguish between neutrals and enemies.
on the 9th instant.
We learn from Madrid, under date of August 1st, that Mr. Albuquerque, charge d'affaires of Brazil, presented his credentials to the regent.
The army of observation on the Portuguese frontier had again been reinforced.
A large number of the Spanish troops quartered on the frontier had deserted into France. They are supposed to have imbibed the Carlist infection.
TURKEY AND PERSIA.
The hostilities which had been rumored to have broken out between Turkey and Persia had not yet assumed a very sanguinary character, but preparations were going on at Constantinople to push the war as hard as the limited means of the government would permit.
The circular of the plenipotentiary, Sir H. Pottinger from Macao, April 1st, 1842, announced the defeat of two bodies of Chinese troops in an attack ou Ningpo and Chinhae on the 10th March; 12,000
A private letter from Beyrout of 24th ult. mentions that the British vice consul at Tarsus, Mr. Clapperton, had been illy treated by some Spahis, but that immediate satisfaction for the offence had been afforded by the governor. The British proconsul in Jerusalen had quarrelled with the authorities, and the works of the Protestant church had been consequently suspended. Bishop Alexander was confined to his bed from fever.
dent of Central America and the accession of Rive Since the resignation of Venancio Lopez as pro Paz to the same office, nothing important appears have occurred there, if we except the blockade abo mentioned. Ex-president Morazan is still exert himself to recover his lost fortunes.
[N. Y. Jour. Com
EARTHQUAKE. Another earthquake was felt at Calamata on the 12th, which was more violent, perhaps, than the shock experienced there in Aprii last. The church of St. George, which was remarkable for its beauty and solidity, was destroyed and two others, with some forty or fifty houses, were more or less damaged.
APPOINTMENTS BY THE PRESIDENT,
BY AND WITH THE ADVICE AND CONSENT OF THE SENAT
Francis Robert Rives, of Virginia, secretary of t legation of the United States near her Britannic m jesty, in the place of Benjamin Rush, resigned.
John Howard Payne, of New York, consul of t United States for the city and Kingdom of Tunis, the place of William B. Hodgson, res.gned.
George W. Macrae, attorney of the U. States the southern district of Florida, in the place of W. Smith, resigned.
Q. C. Alexander, of Illinois, at Bombay, in the pia of E. A. Webster.
John R. Coke, of Virginia, at Xibara, in Cuba, the place of C. J. Ballus, resigned.
The Augsburg Gazette of the 5th ult. publishes accounts from Constantinople of July 20th. They state that considerable reinforcements were then on their
march to Bagdad. Two regiments of infantry of the
The arrival of the Levant mail has put us in pos-
MR. DERRICK, of the department of state, bear
Eben Ritchie Dorr, of Massachusetts, at Valparai in the place G. G. Hobson, resigned.
Collectors of the customs. J. H. Lathrop. at B falo, New York, vice George W. Clinton, whose co mission has expired.
Joseph Ramsey, at Plymouth, North Carolina, appointed.
Thomas S. Singleton, Newbern, North Carolin re-appointed.
E. H. Taylor, at Vicksburg, Mississippi, vice Jo Thatcher, whose commission has expired.
Charles G. Holmes, at Fall River, Massachuset vice P. W. Leland.
Land officers. Samuel Russell, register of the la ofice at Newnansville, Florida.
John Parsons receiver of public moneys at t same place.
Albert W. Parris, register of the land office, at M coday, Wiskonsan, vice Josiah D. Weston, resigne Surveyors. William M. Jones, at South Quay, V Re-appointed.
Robert H. Webb, at Suffolk, Virginia. Re-a pointed.
Daniel Burrows, at Middletown Connecticut. R appointed.
Appraiser. Chas. Francis Breuil, at Philadelphi vice Richard Coe, removed.
THE TREATY CONCLUDED WITH TEXA which was laid before the senate by the president few days before congress adjourned, we learn fro the Natronal Intelligencer of the 6th instant, was that body deferred being considered until their ne session.
The hon. JAMES REILY, charge de affairs of Texa between whom and the secretary of state the trea was concluded, has returned to Texas.
CONSULS. The president has recognised Elwar Stricker, as consul of the Grand Duke of Saxe Wo mar, for the state of New York; and Alexander B ker, vire consul of Russia for the port of New Yor Charles Nicholas, of Pennsylvania, to be consul the United States for the port of Amsterdam.
brevet, for gallantry and successful conduct in the
1HE POUND STERLING. The act of last session to regulate the value to be affixed to the pound sterling by the treasury department, enacts "That in all payments by or to the treasury, whether made here or in foreign countries, where it becomes necessary to compute the value of the pound sterling, it shall be deemed equal to four dollars and eightyfour cents and the same rule shall be applied in appraising merchandise imported where the value is by the invoice in pounds sterling.
GENERAL ORDERS-No. 54.
Head quarters of the army, adj't genl's office, Washington, Aug. 22, 1842. 1. In the several fortifications on the Atlantic, the Gulf of Mexico and lake frontiers, no more ordnance will be mounted until further orders, except at posts actually garrisoned, and which are now with
out the minimum armament mentioned below.
2. Of the ordnance already in battery, at the works indicated above, all will be dismounted except, at each work, one casemate-gun and one in barbette, per company, for the exercise and instruction of its garrison.
3. The commanders of the several posts will retain mounted the guns, as above, the best situated for instruction.
4. The ordnance department has been directed to take measures for dismounting the guns and also for the care and preservation of dismounted guns and their carriages, as well as for the housing of such as may remain in barbette. Commanders of forts will wait for the arrival of an officer of that department, and give him all the aid and assistance that may be necessary.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the of Deaths. (2.) Major Isaac Clark, quartermaster's fices of the superintendents of the armories at Springdepartment, near Portsmouth, Ohio, July 22, 1842. field and at Harper's Ferry shall be, and the same are Captain James Green, 2d artillery, at Fort Colum-hereby, abolished, and the duties thereof shall be perbus, N. Y. August 17, 1842. formed by such officers of the ordnance corps as shall Dismissed. (1.) Paymaster L. G. De Russy, July be designated by the president; and that from and after 28, 1842. the first day of October next, the master armorers, at the national armories, shall receive, each, twelve hundred dollars, annually, payable quarter yearly; and the inspectors and clerks each eight hundred dollars per annnm; and the paymasters and military storekeepers, at the armories, and at the arsenals of construction at Pittsburg, Watervliet, and Washington city, shall receive each twelve hundred and fifty dollars annually, payable in like manner, and the said paymasters and military storekeepers, shall give security for the faithful discharge of the duties, in such sum as the secretary of war shall prescribe. And the two military storekeepers, authorized by the act of second of March, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one, shall receive each, twelve hundred and And no military storekeep
III. The officers promoted will join their proper companies without delay; those on detached service or acting under special instructions, will report by letter to the commanding officers of their respective regiments. By command of major general Scott.
R. JONES, adjutant general. GENERAL ORDERS-NO. 57. Head quarters of the army, adj't genl's office, Washington, Aug. 27, 1942. The major general commanding the army has received the following order, which is published for the information and government of all concerned: War department, Aug. 26, 1842. The fourth section of the act of congress, entitled "an act respecting the organization of the army and fifty dollars per annum. er, at arsenals, shall after the first of October nest, for other purposes," approved August 23, 1842, pro-receive as pay, or emoluments, beyond eight hundred vides that within one month after the passage of the dollars per annum, besides quarters actually providact, the offices of three paymasters, two surgeons,; ed and occupied as such, and the number authorised and ten assistant surgeons, shall be abolished, and to be thus employed is hereby limited to ten. And that number of paymasters, surgeons, and assistant
surgeons, shall be discharged by the president. The
all other offices of military storekeepers are hereby
remote distance of many of the officers, renders it
abolished, and discontinued, on and after said first
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the office of commissary general of purchases, sometimes called commissary of purchases, shall be, and the same is after be performed by the officers of the Quarterhereby abolished, and the duties thereof shall hereclerks now attached to the purchasing department as master's department, with such of the officers and shall be authorized by the secretary of war, and unthe U. States. said secretary, under the sanction of the president of der such regulations as shall be prescribed by the
the act; viz:
mouth after the passage of this act, the offices of one
P. Maxwell, surgeon, there being now one
The disbanded paymasters, surgeons and assistant
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That a competent Captain George Andrews, of the 6th regiment of person may be employed by the ordnance bureau, under the direction of the secretary of war, for such infantry, to be major by brevet, for gallantry and time as may be necessary, to superintend the manugood conduct in the war against the Florida Indians, surgeons, may consider themselves as having leave facture of iron cannon at the several foundries where United States, whose pay and emoluments shall not such cannon may be made under contracts with the exceed those of a major of ordnance during the time he shall be so employed, to be paid out of the appropriations for armament of fortifications; and for the services rendered in such superintendence since the first day of March, eighteen hundred and forty-one, under the authority of the war department, the same compensation shall be allowed as herein provided.
of absence, as soon as they can be relieved, for
J. C. SPENCER.
By command of Major General SCOTT.
L. THOMAS, ass'l adj't gen.
August 17, 1842, vice Green, deceased.
Brevet 2d lieutenant James Totten, to be second lieutenant, August 17, 1842, vice Barry, promoted.
The difficulty of discharing the duty thus enjoined
In-named officers be disbanded and honorably discharge
PROMOTIONS BY BREVET.
Colonel W. J. Worth, of the 8th regiment of infantry, to be brigadier general by brevet, for gallantry and highly distinguished services as commander of the forces against the Florida Indians, to date from March 1, 1842.
Brevet major Thomas Childs, of the 3d regiment of artillery, to be lieutenant colonel by brevet, for gallant conduct and repeated successes in the war against the Florida Indians, between November, 1840, and March, 1842, to date from February 1, 1841.
Major W. G. Belknap, of the 8th regiment of infantry, to be lieutenant colonel by brevet, for general good conduct in the war against the Florida dians, and for securing by military operations and negotiations a great number of prisoners, to date from March 15, 1842.
fifty privates; and the second regiment of dragoons now in service shall be converted, after the fourth day of March next, into a regiment of riflemen; aud First lieutenant J. E. Johnston, of the corps of to- each company of artillery shall consist of the compographical engineers, to be captain by brevet, for missioned officers as now provided by law, and of gallantry on several occasions in the war against the four sergeants, four corporals, two artificers, two Florida Indians, to date from July 7, 1838. musicians and forty-two privates; and each company First lieutenant William Alburtis, of the 2d regi- of infantry shall consist of the same number of comment of infantry, to be captain by brevet, for gallan-missioned officers as now provided, and of four sertry and good conduct in the war against the Florida geants, four corporals, two musicians and forty-two Indians, to date from March 2, 1841. privates; and that no recruits shall be enlisted for First lieutenant W. H. T. Walker, of the 6th re- the dragoons, artillery or infantry, until the numbers giment of infantry, (1st lieutenant, February 1, 1838,) in the several companies shall be reduced by the exto be first lieutenant by brevet, for gallantry and good piration of the term of service, by discharge, or other conduct in the war against the Florida Indians, to causes, below the number herein fixed for the said date from December 25, 1837. companies respectively. Provided, That nothing in Second lieutenant Douglass S. Irwin, of the 3d re-this section shall be construed to prevent the re engiment of infantry, to be first lieutenant by brevet, listment of non-commissioned officers, whose terms for gallantry and good conduct in the war against the of service may expire before the army shall be reFlorida Indians, to date from September 7, 1841. II. CASUALTIES. (3.)
duced to the number heretofore established.
Captain Justin Dimick, of the 1st regiment of artillery, to be major by brevet, for gallant and meritorious conduct in the war against the Florida Indians, to date from May 8, 1836.
Captain W. W. Morris, of the 4th regiment of artillery, to be major by brevet, for gallant conduct on several occasions and general efficiency in the war against the Florida Indians, to date from January 27,
to date from December 25, 1837.
Captain Frederick Searle, of the quartermaster's department, to be major by brevet, from the 25th of November, 1839, the day when he received the wound under which he is now suffering.
Captain James R. Irwin, of the 1st regiment of artillery, captain in the staff, July 7, 1838, to be captain by brevet, for gallantry and good conduct in the war against the Florida Indians, to date from August 21, 1836.
First lieutenant John F. Lee, of the ordnance department, (late of the 1st regiment of artillery,) to be captain by brevet for gallantry and good conduct in the war against the Florida Indians, to date from January 27, 1837. Captain Robert Anderson, captain of the 3d regiment of artillery, October 23, 1841, to becap tain by