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To the major general commanding the army, and to every officer commanding in chief a separate army, actually in the field;
To the generals commanding the eastern and western geographical divisions;
To the colonels or other officers commanding military geographical departments;
To the commandant of each permament or fixed post, garrisoned with troops, including the superintendent of the military academy at West Point, who is regarded as the commandant of that post. Approved, August 23, 1842.
sy mound, enclosing the body of the tomb. It is de-
THE PREBLE-DEATH OF CAP. VOORHEES.
We A meeting was to be held at St. Louis on the 13th and opposed to the late order of the general govern-war Preble. He died at Smyrna on the 27th of July, inst., composed of those friendly to Gen. Gaines, regret to learn from the Mediterranean the death of Capt. RALPH VOORHEES, Commander of the sloop of ment affecting his command. of bilious fever which terminated fatally the seventh day. His remains were followed to the grave by a large body of officers from the French, Danish, and Austrian vessels in port, and the seamen and mirines of the Preble-which, is now under command of lieut. J. P. Boyle, and was to sail early in August, touching at Athens, some of the Grecian Islands, thence to Tripoli and Tunis, and expected to reach Mahon about the middle of September.
The U. S. brig Boxer, was at Pensacola on the 18th ult. In scouring the Gulf of Mexico, and Carribian sea, the officers and crew had become sickly.
R. JONES, adju.gen.
THE ARMY UNDER THE NEW LAW. The bill for the re-organization of the army having become a law, the following statement will prove interesting. It shows the present standing of the army, and how it will compare with the establishment of the last four years. This statement is of the number of officers and men in 1841. Commissioned officers,
Eight regiments of infantry, each containing non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, 904,
Four regiments of artillery, each containing
Two regiments of dragoons, each containing
260 Total force, 12,506 Under the new law the army will be composed of Commissioned officers,
Eight regiments of infantry, each composed of non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates. 510,
Four regiments of artillery, each composed of non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, 660,
Two regiments of dragoons, each composed of non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, 660,
Gen Eustis, of the U. S. army, commands the sixth military department, comprising the states of Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Maine. His head quarters are at Portland.
THE ACT, No. 85, OF LAST SESSION, RE-ORGANIZING THE NAVY DEPARTMENT. 1st section abolishes the board of navy commissioners, and in place thereof, Sec. 2 institutes. 1. A bureau of navy yards and docks; 2. A bureau of construction, équipment and repair; 3. A bureau of provisions and repair; 4. A bureau of ordnance and hydrography; 5. A bureau of medicine and surgery.
Navy department Sept. 2, 1842. All communications to the department upon the
2d Sec. authorises the president with the advice subject of docks and navy yards, are to be addressof the senate, to appoint a captain in the naval ser-ed to Commodore L. Warrington, chief of the Buvice, as chief of the bureau of ordnance and hydro-reau.
graphy, who is to receive $3,500 per annum in Those upon the subject of ordnance and hydro-
Sec. 4. authorises the secretary of the navy to
And also, for the bureau of docks and yards, onecivil engineer, salary $2,000; one draughtsman, 1,320 $1,000; one chief clerk $1,400; one assistant do. at 260 $1,000; and one at $800.
For the bureau of construction, &c., one assistant
For the bureau of provisions and clothing, one
For the bureau of ordnance and hydrography, one
For the bureau of medicine and surgery, one clerk $1,200; and one do. $800. And one assistant Surgeon, to receive not less than the highest pay of his grade in the service.
chief clerk of each bureau. All letters to the bu-
Sec. 8. Books, papers, and accounts of the navy
HONORS TO THE DEAD. of the 20th Aug. says: The burial of Major F. L. Dade's martyr'd dead, and those officers and soldiers who have died in Florida, took place on Monday last. So solemn and interesting an event excited on the part of our citizens the liveliest sympathy and feeling, and afforded them by joining in with the mi-pensation not to exceed $700 each. Sec. 6. Each bureau to have a messenger-comlitary, the heartfelt satisfaction of commingling their tears in union with those who had assembled to pay the last sad duties of love to their fallen comrades. At half past 10, a gun was fired from the battery in front of the green, by a detail of 3d artillery under lieutenant Churchill; when the mayor and council, the masonic fraternity, and St. Augustine City Guards, capt. P. R. Lopez. proceeded to the St. Sebastian bridge, to await the arrival of the remains. In a short time, the melancholy wail of music was for clerks in the office of secretary of the navy, naSec. 9. Unexpended balances of appropriations heard in the distance the bright glitter of arms was vy commissioners, &c., together with such additional seen glancing among the deep green of the woods, and the wagons covered with the stars and stripes,propriated therefor. sum as may be necessary to carry this law into effect" apcontaining all that was of the honored dead, moved slowly onward. It was indeed a brilliant, a melan choly spectacle. On arriving at the public square, the cortege wheeled to the right, and proceeded up George street, continued down St. Francis street, when moving up Marine street they were brought to the spot appropriated for interment, the garden of St. Francis' Barracks; the procession under the orders of Major Belknap, 8th infantry; Captain Gwynne, 8th infantry, commanding the escort; Lieut. A. T. Lee, acting adjutant.
of the secretary of the navy--their orders to be con-
same can be done without detriment to the public
The remains were removed from the funeral train amid the firing of minute guns, and the religious services were performed by the rev. Mr. Waters, the rev. Henry Aztell and Mr. John Beard, esq. A moLody on the dead was pronounced by Dr. W. Whitehurst, esq. of the masonic fraternity. Half hour guns were fired until sun-set, closing the solemnities of the day. The tombs, three in number, erected by the troops of the post, in which the remains are deposited, The sloop of war Fairfield, Com. Morgan, sailed are vaults each about ten feet square, surmounted from Gibraltar July 25, to Mahon, to provision. She by a pyramid of five feet height, rising from a gras- would return to G., and if any other U. States ves
Sec. 11. All acts or parts of acts authorising the president of the U. States, or the secretary of the proper department, under his direction to transfer any portion of the moneys appropriated for a particular branch of expenditure in that department to be applied to another branch of expenditure in the same department, are hereby, so far as relates to the department of the navy, repealed.
sels should have arrived in the meantime, would pro ceed with them to adjust the difficulties at Tangier Mr. Mullowney, the new consul, remained at Gi braltar at the last dates, August 4.
Those upon the subject of construction, of repairs, equiqment, &c. are to be addressed to Captain David Conner, chief of the bureau.
Those upon the subject of provisions and clothing, are to be addressed to C. W. Goldsborough, chief of the bureau.
Those upon the subject of medicine and surgical instruments, &c. are to be addressed to Dr. W. P. C. Barton, chief of the bureau.
A. P. UPSHUR.
The U. S. ship of the line Columbus, Capt. W. A. Spencer, sailed from Boston Aug. 29, for the Mediteranean, where she will be the flag ship of the squadron. Besides commissioned officers, she has a crew of 774 souls; viz. 63 petty officers; 250 seamen; 165 ordinary seamen; 128 landsmen; 48 first class bus has generally been called a poor sailer. From boys; 58 apprentices; and 62 marines. The Columfault appeared on Monday. She went to sea in fine some alteration in her trim, or other cause, no such style.
rived at Boston on the 30th ult. from Portland, where The United States brig Consort, lieut. Downes, arshe has been stationed as a receiving ship.
It is stated that Com. Hull will not accept the appointment which has been tendered him of the comniand of
the ships afloat in Boston harbor,
The Boston Evening Journal says that Com. Morris has been ordered to proceed from the Brazils to the Mediterranean, to assume the command on that station. La Guayra, July 20, 1842. "Dear ---, We had here a few days since the American sloop of war Falmouth, commander McIntosh from Norfolk via St. Thomas. She arrived on the 8th, and brought as passengers Wm. M. Blackremained here two days for the purpose of allowing ford, esq. and son, on their way to Bogota. They Mr. B. and the officers to visit Caraccas. This gentleman has lately been appointed charge d'affairs from the United States to the court of Bogota, and from his gentlemanly address must command respect from the uncouth Granadians.
"This is the first American vessel of war that has consequently, when we secured this for two days, it visited our waters since the "John Adams," in 1833; was no more than duty to celebrate the event, which we did to admiration."
"They sailed on the 10th for Puerto Cabello and were received with very marked attention. Indeed Curacoa, after having visited Caraccas, where they it was a source of great pleasure to us Americans to see such a fine specimen of naval architecture in these waters; and the only thing we wonder at is that our gov't don't oftener send a few vessels of war on the "main," as they have more commerce in this quarter that any other nation. It is the intention of Mr. Blackford to charter a vessel from Curacoa to Maracaybo, and to travel by land from the latter place. Capt. McIntosh has orders to proceed immediately to Pensacola to lay up during the hurricane months.
On Saturday last in the harbor of Pensacola, were the ships of war La Brilliante and Dunois, (French), and the U. S. ships Falmouth, and Ontario, and the brig Dolphin.
On Thursday last the La Brilliante fired one gun every quarter of an hour though the day, in honor of the memory of the late Duke of Orleans. Each of the U. S. ships and the navy yard fired, at 12 o'clock, minute guns, twenty-one in number.
[N. Orleans Picayune, Aug. 17
from Callao, had also arrived at Valparaiso.
The U. S. steam frigate Mississippi. s: oken on the reason of such alleged right, title, authority, privi-| We think that the present time, when arrange 29th uit, off the Delaware, has arrived at Pensacola. leges, protection, or exemption, so set up and claim- ments are in progress for the removal of so many o The U. States frigate United States 40 days from that the same exists in fact, and has been duly prov- and Great Britain, is an auspicious occasion for soed, and the law of nations applicable thereto, and the causes of difference between the United States Rio Janeiro, arrrived at Valparaiso, May 5, and pro-ed to the said justice or judge. then it shall be the liciting from the latter an act of mercy towards the bably remained on the 14th. The store ship Relief duty of the said justice or judge forthwith to dis- citizens of the former, thus attesting in the strongest charge such prisoner or prisoners accordingly. And manner, the reciprocal good feeling, by which both if it shall appear to the said justice or judge that governments are actuated. such judgment of discharge ought not to be render- We therefore would most respectfully submit to ed. then the said prisoner or prisoners shall be forth- your consideration the propriety and wisdom of imwith remanded: Provided, always, That from any de-mediately applying to the British government for the cision of such justice or judge an appeal may be release of those citizens of the United States. We taken to the circuit court of the United States for have the honor to be, very respectfully, the district in which the said cause is heard; and (Signed) from the judgment of the said circuit court to the C. CUSHING, FERNANDO WOOD, supreme court of the U. States, on such terms and CHS. G. FERRIS. under such regulations and orders, as well for the custody and appearance of the prisoner or prisoners, as for sending up to the appellate tribunal a transcript of the petition, writ of habeas corpus returnThe U. S. ship Constellation, Commodore Kear-ed thereto, and other proceedings, as the judge hear ney, was at Macao at last advices. The U. States ing the said cause may prescribe; and pending such ship Boston left Macao for Manilla on the 30th of proceeding or appeal, and until final judgment be March. rendered therein, and after final judgment of discharge in the same, any proceedings against said prisoner or prisoners, in any state court, or by or under the authority of any state, for any matter or thing so heard and determined, or in process of being heard and determined, under and by virtue of such writ of habeas corpus, shall be deemed null and void.
To the president of the United States.
Approved, August 29, 1842.
The U. S. steamship Missouri, capt. J. S. Newton, arrived at Wiscasset on the 1st inst. from Thomaston. She was to remain a few days, and would then proceed to Eastport, and returning, touch at Portland. Boston, Newport, &c.
NAVAL REGULATION. When a commander shall be attached to a ship of the line, or a frigate, bearing the broad pennant of a commander of a squadron, or station, he shall be considered as the executive officer of the ship, and shall have an apartment and
mess in the ward room.
A. P. UPSHUR.
Navy department, 30th April, 1842.
Pacific squadron. Letters from Commodore Jones, dated on board the frigate United States, May 31, at Callao, inform us that the St. Louis, Yorktown, Cyane, and schooner Shark, were at that place. All well-no news. The St. Louis was to sail the 30th May, bound home. [Nat. Int. Circular of the the commander of the American squadron on the Chinese waters,
The considerations which you state, gentlemen, are undoubtedly such as may justify the exercise of clemency on the part of the British government towards these persons. They have been transported U. S. S. Constellation, Macao Roads, 31st March, 1842. half round the globe to a penal colony, have already Sir: The Hongkong Gazette of the 24th inst. consuffered much and long; and many of them have tains a shipping report in which is the name of an sympathize deeply in their fate. For the purpose of friends and connections in the United States, who American vessel engaged in carrying opium-therefore, I beg you will cause to be made known with example, it would seem that it would be hardly useAnd now, equal publicity, and also to the Chinese authorities, that other questions of difference have been settled, ful to continue their punishment longer. by the translation of the same, that the government of the United States does not sanction "the smugthe borders, their release would be a happy and proand that undisturbed peace may be expected along gling of opium" on the coast under the American vated tone of patriotic feeling which so pre-eminent- per consequence of the pacific arrangements recently entered into between the two governments.
I shall communicate your letter, without delay, to her Britannic majesty's minister plenipotentiary and special; and respectfully urge him to press the consideration of your request upon the attention of his government.
flag, in violation of the laws of China.
Difficulties arising therefrom in respect to the seizure of any vessel by the Chinese, the claimants certainly will not, under my instructions, find support, or any interposition on my part after the publication of this notice. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, (Signed), L. KEARNEY,. Commanding the U. S. East India squadron. To the U. S. consul, or the vice consul at Canton.
On dit. The American merchants will now de-] mand satisfaction for the gross outrage committed by the Chinese authorities on the boat of the Morrison, and the murder of one of the crew, and if necessary, both the Constellation and Boston will vindicate the honor of the United States flag by exact ing from the Chinese satisfaction for a most treacherous violation of international law.
The Texian prisoners, on the eve of their departure from the city of Mexico, addressed a letter to in which they express their grateful feelings for the the hon. WADDY THOMPSON. Our minister to Mexico, zeal and ability with which he had urged their relence which he had extended to them during their storation to liberty, and the kindness and benevoTHOMPSON was highly felicitous and full of that elepainful confinement in prison. The reply of Gen.
courts of the United States.
ly characterizes the productions of his pen.
TO VAN DIEMAN'S LAND.
It is represented to us that upwards of one hundred citizens of the United States are thus held captive at the present moment.
They are chiefly young men of the state of New York, who, during the late revolutionary movements in Canada, conceiving that the struggle there was analogous in principle to the revolutionary war of their own country, volunteered their services in aid, Col. de Janeigny, French commercial agent, and as they were induced to suppose, of the people of Mr. Challaye, the vice consul. have had a prolong- the British provinces in arms for independence. ed and secret conference with Yihshan and Kekung, Being taken in arms against the established gothe governors of Canton, not at their official residen-vernment of those provinces, and found amenable ces, but at the country house of Tinqua, the son of to its criminals laws, they were sentenced to the punthe late hong merchant of the same name. ishment of transportation to Van Dieman's Land.
House of representatives, Aug. 10th, 1842. SIR: We beg leave to address you in behalf of sundry citizens of the United States held prisoners by the British government in its penal colony of Van
We have been charged with the presentation to the house of many memorials, and of the proceedings of public meetings, seeking the interposition of the government of the U. States for the release of these prisoners.
Department of state, Washington, Aug, 27th, 1842. GENTLEMEN: The president has referred to me your letter to him, of the 10th of this month, asking for the interposition of the good offices of the government in behalf of sundry citizens of the United States, now held prisoners at Van Dieman's Land, on conviction of offences growing out of the revolu tionary movements in Canada, some years ago; and has instructed me to adopt such course on the subject as may be most likely to promote the object which you have in view.
It seems to us that the accomplishment of this object is one, which it would be honorable and just for the federal government to attempt, by application to that of Great Britain.
And I will add, gentlemen, that I enertain the strongest hope, that this interposition will, at the present moment be effectual, and that these mistaken and misguided young men will soon be returned to their country.
I have the honor to be, gentlemen, with great respect, your obedient servant,
Hon. C. Cushing, Fernando Wood, & Chas. G, Ferris.
INTERNATIONAL COURTESIES. The Madisonian contains the annexed letters, which explain themselves:
Washington, Aug. 16th, [1842.] Sir: I herewith transmit to you, by direction of her majesty's government, six gold medals, bearing the portrait of her majesty's, the queen, which the British government desire to present to the commanders of the United States vessels named in the accompanying list, in acknowledgment of the services rendered by them in saving the lives of British seamen, subjects of her majesty.
I have the honor to request that you will be pleased to cause these medals to be delivered to the respective commanders on the part of her majesty's government.
Though convicted and sentenced in due form of law, for the acts committed by them, yet the crimes charged were of a political nature; a class of offences, in regard to which it is common for one government to interpose amicably in behalf of its subjects held captive by another government.
(COPY.) List of gold medals transmitted to the secretary of state of the United States:
1. For captain Depeyster, of the packet ship "Sheridan," of New York, for saving the crew of the British barque "Zephyr"" of Newcastle, in November, 1840.
Be it enacted by the senate and house of representatives of the United States of America in congress assembled, That either of the justices of the supreme court of the United States. or a judge of any district court of the United States, in which a prisoner is confined, in addition to the authority already conferred by law. shall have power to grant writs of habeas corpus in all cases of any prisoner or prisoners in jail or confinement, where he, she, or they, being subjects or citizens of a foreign state, and domiciled therein, shall be committed or confined. or in custody, under or by any authority or law, or process founded there- These individuals, in volunteering to enter Canaon, of the United States, or of any one of them, for da, deemed themselves to be exercising rights of or on account of any act done or omitted under any emigration, and of action in foreign war, appertainalleged right, title, authority privilege protection, ing to them as citizens of the U. States; and it was or exemption, set up or claimed under the commis- not till many of them had actually been made prision, or order, or sanction, of any foreign state or sopers in Canada, that they became aware that they Sovereignty, the validity and effect whereof depend were proceeding in violation of the laws of their upon the law of nations, or under color thereof,- own country as well as those of the British provinAnd upon the return of the said writ and due proof ces. of the service of notice of the said proceeding to the They have already been severely punished; and, attorney general or other officer prosecuting the pleas for public effect, their liberation would, it seems to 4. For captain W. C. Thompson, of the packet of the state, under whose authority the petitioner us, be more useful in preserving the peace of the ship "Stephen Whitney,', of New York, for saving has been arrested, committed, or is held in custody, to frontier than their longer detention. the master and crew of the schooner "Despatch," be prescribed by the said justice or judge at the time We cannot but hope, therefore, that the federal of St. Johns, Newfoundland, in November, 1840. of granting said writ, the said justice or judge shall government, which has recently exerted itself so 5. For captain Alexander S. Palmer, of the packproceed to hear the said cause; and if upon hearing efficiently for the release of citizens of the United et ship "Garrick," of New York, for saving the the same, it shall appear that the prisoner or prison- States detained in Mexico, may be induced to extend lives of master, mate, and crew of the brig "Eugeers is or are entitled to be discharged from such con- its parental care to these, also, who are confined in na," of St. Johns, New Brunswick, in December, finement, commitment, custody, or arrest, for or by Van Dieman's Laud.
2. For captain James A. Wootton, of the packet ship "Rhone," of New York, for saving the lives of the crew of the British barque "Belinda," of Troon, David Mac Nichol, master.
3. For captain T. B. Cropper, of the packet ship "Columbus," of New York, for saving the lives of the master and crew of the vessel "Leonidas," of Belfast, in November, in 1840.
6. For captain Stoddart, of the packet ship "Ville
late act of congress under the new census. As both, and had come to no definite result when the special
The hon. Daniel Webster, &c. &c. &c.
4. 6, 7, 10, 13.
Department of state, Washington, 19th Aug. 1842. Sir: I have received the letter which you did me honor to address to me on the 16th instant, transmitting, by direction of the British government, six medals bearing the partrait of her majesty, the queen, which the British government desires to present to the commanders of the United States vessels named in an accompanying list, in acknowledgment of the services rendered by them respectively in saving the lives of British seamen, and requesting me to cause these medals to be delivered to the respective commanders on the part of her majesty's government.
I shall have great pleasure in forwarding these testimonials to those for whom they are destined; and I assure you that the government of the United States justly appreciates the honorable motives which have led the British government to the manifestation of respect towards well-deserving citizens of the United States. The dangers and accidents of the sea naturally create a feeling of brotherhood among mariners of all nations, and great interests of humanity are connected with the cultivating and strengthening of this generous and noble feeling.
Be pleased to accept the assurance of my distinguished consideration.
We have the satistaction to announce the ratification, by the senate, of the treaty concluded at Buffalo in March last, by the honorable AMBROSE SPENCER in behalf of the United States with the Seneca nation of Indians. Few can have forgotten the excitement produced by the treaty of 1838, by which the Senecas ceded the whole of their reservations to the Ogden company. Much complaint was made of the alledged unfair means by which that treaty was obtained, and the religious Society of Friends throughout the country so warmly espoused the cause of the Indians, and exerted themselves so actively, that a resort to force or to protracted litigation seemed to be the only alternatives. The whole affair was in the worst possible condition when president TYLER took it in hand in November last. Under his direction, and by the unwearied efforts of the war department, the Quakers represented chiefly by the excellent P. E. Thomas, of Baltimore, and the Ogden company, were brought together, and terms of mutual compromise were arranged by which justice was done to the Indians and the rights of the company, and the interests of the United
States were preserved.
The Senecas cede two of their reservations, the Buffalo and Tonewanda, for a fair consideration for the soil and the improvements, and retain two, the Cattaraugus and Chautauque. Those who choose to emigrate to the west, under the provisions of the treaty of 1838, are at liberty to do so. But it is supposed that the great body of the nation will remain upon and cultivate the two reservations retained, which are sufficient to allow about 200 acres of land to each family.
Thus has terminated one of the most difficult and preplexing controversies which has ever grown out of our Indian ralations. Peace is restored, justice is attained, the rights and interests of all are maintained; a large tract of country, of about 70,000
acres of the very best land in western New York, 4th. A correspondence on the subject of impress-sachusetts.
contiguous to one of the most flourishing cities in the Union, is opened to the industry and enterprise of the white man; the Indians are removed from the scenes of temptation which they were incapable of resisting, and Buffalo, instead of a howling wilderness, will now have around her cultivated farms and gardens, yielding the supplies demanded by her markets and [Madisonian of 27th Aug.
6. 11, 12, 15, 16, 17.
8. Putnam & Dutchess. 9. Orange and Sullivan. 10. Ulster and Delaware. 11. Columbia & Greene.
14. Washington and Es
21. Otsego & Schoharie.
It seemed entirely proper that, if this purpose were 17. Herkimer and Mont-entertained, consultation should be had with the authorities of the states of Maine and Massachusetts.and Letters, therefore, of which copies are herewith communicated, were addressed to the governors of those states, suggesting that commissioners should be appointed by each of them, respectively, to repair to this city and confer with the authorities of this government, on a line by agreement or compromise, with its equivalents and compensations. This suggestion was met by both states in a spirit of candor and patriotism, and promptly complied with. Four commissioners on the part of Maine, and three on the part of Massachusetts, all persons of distinction and high character, were duly appointed and commissioned, and lost no time in presenting themselves at the seat of the government of the United States. These commissioners have been in correspondence with this government during the period of the discussions; have enjoyed its confidence and freest commuCat-nications; have aided the general object with their counsel and advice; and in the end, have unanimously signified their assent to the line proposed in the treaty.
29. Ontario and Livings
30. Steuben & Allegany.
33. Genesee and Wyo-
Ordinarily, it would be no easy task to reconcile
Connected with the settlement of the line of the
north eastern boundary, so far as it respects the states of Maine and Massachusetts, is the continuation of that line along the highlands to the northwesternmost head of Connecticut river. Which of the sources of that stream is entitled to this character, has been matter of controversy and of some interest to the state of New Hampshire. The king of the NetherTHE TREATY BETWEEN GREAT BRI. lands decided the main branch to be the northwesternmost head of the Connecticut. This did not satisfy the claim of New Hampshire. The line agreed to in the present treaty follows the highlands to the head of Hall's stream, and thence down that river, embracing the whole claim of New Hampshire, and establishing her title to 100,000 acres of territory, more than she would have had by the decision of the king of the Netherlands.
TAIN AND THE U. STATES.
When the treaty which had been concluded between Lord ASHBURTON and Mr. WEBSTER was communicated to the United States senate by the president, he accompanied it with the following: MESSAGE
FROM THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES TO THE
By the treaty of 1783, the line is to proceed down the Connecticut river to the 45th degree of north latitude, and thence west by that parallel, till it strikes the St. Lawrence. Recent examinations having as
I have the satisfaction to communicate to the se
These results comprise,
nate the results of the negotiations recently had in certained that the line heretofore received as the
2d. A correspondence on the subject of the inter-ed to extend, but also to comprehend Rouse's Point ference of the colonial authorities of the British West within the territory of the United States, The reIndies with American merchant vessels driven by linquishment by the British governmeut of all the stress of weather, or carried by violence into the territory south of the line heretofore considered to ports of those colonies.
be the true line, has been obtained, and the conside
3d. A correspondence upon the subject of the tack and destruction of the steamboat Caroline.
at-ration for this relinquishment, is to enure by the provisions of the treaty to the states of Maine and Mas
STATES OF THE UNION.
The line of boundary, then, from the source of the If this treaty shall receive the approbation of the St. Croix to the St. Lawrence, so far as Maine and senate, it will terminate a difference respecting boun- Massachusetts are concerned, is fixed by their own consent and for considerations satisfactory to them; dary which has long subsisted between the two go- the chief of these consideratious being the privilege vernments-has been the subject of several ineffectual attempts at settlement, and has sometimes led of transporting the lumber and agricultural products to great irritation, not without danger of disturbing grown and raised in Maine on the waters of the St. the existing peace. Both the United States and the John's and its tributaries down that river to the states more immediately concerned, have entertained ocean, free from imposition or disability. The imno doubt of the validity of the American title to all portance of this privilege, perpetual in its terms, to the territory which has been in dispute; but that title a country covered at present by pine forests of great was controverted, and the government of the United value, and much of it capable hereafter of agriculStates had agreed to make the dispute the subject of tural improvement, is not a matter upon which the THE LEGISLATURE. Both houses having on Tues- arbitration. One arbitration had been actually had, opinion of intelligent men is likely to be divided. day last agreed upon an apportionment bill, it was but had failed to settle the controversy, and it was So far as New Hampshire is concerned the treaty sent to Gov. SEWARD, and by him was immediately found, at the commencement of last year, that a cor- secures all that she requires, and N. York and Versigned and returned. The extra session was then respondence had been in progress between the gov-mont are quieted to the extent of their claim and occlosed, having been three weeks occupied in district-ernments for a joint commission, with an ultimate cupation. The difference which would be made in ing the state-the majority refusing so legislate on reference to an umpire or arbitrator, with authority the northern boundary of these two states, by conany other subject. New York is the first state of to make a final decision. That correspondence, necting the parallel of latitude, may be seen in Tanthe Union, officially to recognize and carry out the however, had been retarded by various occurrences, ner's maps, (1836) new Atlas. Maps Nos. 6 and 9.
315,165 927,405 3,345,783 3,534,211 10,109,716 13,451,062 1,960,885 3,193,941
826,052 196,626 60 4,569,692
SOUTHERN COTTON GROWING STATES.
New York, 338 1,861,385
Total, 1,138 3,223,537
4,803,152 7,155,974 1,321,373
21 76,194 Delaware, 189 466,708 Maryland, Virginia, 764 1,041,526 N. Carolina, 323
1,297 1,672,069 Total value
S. Carolina 164
32,439,321 37,709,720 2,473,602 Total bushels of barley raised in these states, 490,674. Total value $125,807,607 10-Grand total VI. Statistical table showing the aggregate number of flouring mills, barrels of flour manufactured. No. of grist, saw and oil mills, value of manufactures, men employed, &c.
Flour'g mills. bls flr. man. grist mls. saw mls. oil mls. value of manu, men em
673 57 1,081 20 Total 49 35,200 2,525 5,469 113 Total value $7,369,410.
NORTHERN MIDDLE STATES.
SOUTHERN MIDDLE STATES.
478 2,714 2,033
1,500,441 D. Columbia,
12,342 250 $29,825,130 20,085
1,277 2,266,736 6,483 6,867
737,971 288 New Jersey, 3,267,250 898 Pennsylvania, 7,885,499 3,964
116 $13,442,816 6,980
92,220 326,438 166,608
D. of Columbia, 2,145
19 1,201,679 2,122 Virginia,
1,581 North Carolina,
1,575,016 Total $156,714,045
NORTHERN MIDDLE STATES.
3,304,111 7,105.682 3,665,472
SOUTHERN MIDDLE STATES.
3,462 15,354 706
8,868,213 4,661 2.329,134 2,224 2,417,827 2,204 960,058 1,326 330,847 400 1,832,363 1,144
NORTHERN MIDDLE STATES.
Swine. Poultry esti. va. 117,386
41.731.346 $37.138.800 SOUTHERN MIDDLE STATES. 1,088 200,712 3,674
1,036,433 2,944,660 2,609,239
2 698 313
171 24 651
103 5 16
131,684 209,013 14,528,324
Cords wood. Val. dairy. Val.orchard. Gal's wine, Fam.goods.
49,666 159,062 96,399
264,222 272,527 183,712 134,549 81,981 78,606 54,498 9,943 22,910
88,306 1,022,037 178,029
NORTHERN MIDDLE STATES.
NORTHERN MIDDLE STATES.
1,058,923 10,496,021 1,701,935 6,799
269,516 3,187,292 618,179 14,328
SOUTHERN MIDDLE STATES.
28,211 322 62,116
SOUTHERN MIDDLE STATES.
171,451 577,810 52,275
656,969 13,016 7,689,248 $11,854,756.
2,209 2,622,462 Kentucky,
X. Statistical table showing the aggregate amount of value of produce of market gardeners, nurseries and florists, &c., men employed and capital invested in the United States:
Value produce Value produce Men
District of Columbia,
XI. $804,397 Statistical table showing the aggregate amount of products of the forest, number of men, &c. 536,303 231,942 Bbls. of Tons Value Gins'ng, No. of 51,183 Tar, &c. Skins. &c. men. $8.027 32,271 2,892 2,230 1,929 553 60 31,669 174 155 50 19,760 13,974 120 1,750 2,500 392
674,547 New Hampshire, Massachusetts, 6,086 2,526,532 Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont,
212 219 1,010
73 1.454 2,802
NORTHERN MIDDLE STATES.
402 7,613 2,200 2 1,595 263
SOUTHERN MIDDLE STATES.
$537,684 735 114,050 153 169,008 197 192,794 2,248 66,106 2,233 217,606 3,336 $1,297,248 8,902
Statistical table, showing the aggregate amount of DISTILLED AND FERMENTED LI-
1,0983 $31,827 82,498 4,181
$14,900 22,191 1,272
$17,860 34,510 508 37,218 15,286 326 220,883 9,902 799
38,412 6,763 368 373,121 4,015 1,134 37,047 3,805 343 54,232 6,483 320 7,004 6 124,776 3,562 593 33,594 67 6,747 6,956 $645,147 84,246 4,464 XII.
191,000 51,244 5,177,910 855 000 215 892 3.500
12 535,200 $1.712 586 NORTHERN MIDDLE STATES. 11,973 815 83 6 059 122 334.017 6 206 375 6 240.193 87 12 765 974
18,548,025 176 19.031,471 7,808,916 SOUTHERN MIDDLE STATES.
NEW ENGLAND STATES.
Distil's. Gall's. pro'd. Brew's. Gal's. pro'd. Men. Cap'l. inves'd.
7 7 154
15,556 143,332 4,664 20,000 65,075 446 9,571 44,297 1,988
$45,126 222,704 7,098
2,527 11,690 115 23,214 49,654 2,218 3,126 66,040 2,694
$28,867 114,941 5,027
39,500 9 828 140 199 32,960 1.631 17,431 1,422
918,031 3,261 $823,984
50 390 8,850
1 206 328
3 107 066
1 589,471 4.927,407
8,000 185,790 187,212