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upon me, I found a certain confidence growing in me, and such an inward resolution as I never felt before that time.
On the left hand of the goddess sat the genius of a commonwealth, with the cap of liberty on her head, and in her hand a wand, like that with which a Roman citizen used to give his slaves their freedom. There was something mean and vulgar, but at the same time exceeding bold and daring in her air ; her eyes were full of fire, but had in them such casts of fierceness and cruelty, as made her appear to me rather dreadful than amiable. On her shoulders she wore a mantle, on which there was wrought a great confusion of figures. As it flew in the wind, I could not discern the particular design of them, but saw wounds in the bodies of some, and agonies in the faces of others; and over one part of it could read in letters of blood, “ The Ides of March.”
On the right hand of the goddess was the genius of monarchy. She was clothed in the whitest ermine, and wore a crown of the purest gold’upon her head. In her hand she had a sceptre like that which is borne by the British monarchs. A couple of tame lions lay crouching at her feet: her countenance had in it a very great majesty without any mixture of terror: her voice was like the voice of an angel, filled with so much sweetness, and accompanied with such an air of condescension, as tempered the awfulness of her appearance, and equally inspired love and veneration, into the hearts of all that beheld her.
In the train of the goddess of Liberty were the several arts and sciences, who all of them flourished underneath her eye. One of them in particular made a greater figure than any of the rest, who held a thunderbolt in her hand, which had the power of melt. ing, piercing, or breaking every thing that stood in its way. The name of this goddess was Eloquence.
There were two other dependent goddesses, who made a very conspicuous figure in this blissful region. The first of them was seated upon an hill, that had every plant growing out of it, which the soil was in its own nature capable of producing. The other was seated in a little island, that was covered with groves of spices, olives, and orange-trees; and in a word, with the products of every foreign clime. The name of the first was Plenty, of the second, Commerce. The first leaned her right arm upon a plough, and under her left held a huge horn, out of which she poured a whole autumn of fruits. The other wore a rostral crown upon her head, and kept lier eyes upon a compass.
I was wonderfully pleased in ranging through this delightful place, and the more so, because it was not incumbered with fences and inclosures ; till at length, methought, I sprung from the ground, and pitched upon the top of an hill, that presented several objects to my sight, which I had not before taken notice of. The winds that passed over this flowery plain, and through the tops of the trees which were full of blossoms, blew upon me in such a continued breeze of sweets, that I was wonderfully charmed with my situation. I here saw all the inner declivities of that great circuit of mountains, whose outside was covered with snow, overgrown with huge forests of fir-trees, which indeed are very frequently found in other parts of the Alps. These trees were inhabited by storks, that came thither in great flights from very distant quarters of the world. Methought, I was pleased in my dream to see what became of these birds, when, upon leaving the places to which they make an annual visit, they rise in great flocks so high till they are out of sight; and for that reason have been thought by some modern philosophers to take a flight to the
But my eyes were soon diverted from this prospect, when I observed two great gaps that led
through this circuit of mountains, where guards and watches were posted day and night. Upon examination I found, that there were two formidable enemies encamped before each of the avenues, who kept the place in a perpetual alarm, and watched all opportunities of invading it.
Tyranny was at the head of one of these armies, dressed in an eastern habit, and grasping in her hand an iron sceptre. Behind her was Barbarity, with the garb and complexion of an Ethiopian; Ignorance, with a qurban upon her head; and Persecution holding up a bloody flag, embroidered with fleur-de-luces. These were followed by Oppression, Poverty, Famine, Torture, and a dreadful train of appearances, that made me tremble to behoid them. Among the baggage of this army, I could discover racks, wheels, chains, and gibbets, with all the instruments art could invent to make human nature miserable.
Before the other avenue I saw Licentiousness,dresse ed in a garment not unlike the Polish cassock, and leading up a whole army of monsters, such as clamour, with a hoarse voice, and an hundred tongues ; Confusion, with a mishapen body, and a thousand heads ; Impudence, with a forehead of brass; and Rapine, with hands of iron. The tumult, noise, and uproar in this quarter, were so very great, that they disturbed my imagination more than is consistent with sleep, and by that means awaked me.
No. CLXII. SATURDAY, APRIL 22.
Tertius e coelo cecidit Cato.
From my own Apartment, April 21. IN my younger years I used many endeavours to get a place at court, and indeed continued my pursuits till I arrived at niy grand climacteric: but at length, altogether despairing of success, whether it were for want of capacity, friends, or due application, I at last resolved to erect a new office, and for my encouragement, to place myself in it. For this reason, I took upon me the title and dignity of Censor of Great Britain, reserving to myself allsuch perquisites, profits, and emoluments, as should arise out of the discharge of the said office. These in truth have not been inconsiderable; for, besides those weekly contributions which I receive from John Morphew, and those annual subscriptions which I propose to myself from the most elegant part of this great island, I daily live in a very comfortable affluence of wine, stale beer, Hungary water, beef, books, and marrow bones, which I receive from many well disposed citizens ; not to mention the forfeitures which accrue to me from the several offenders that appear before me on court-days.
Having now enjoyed this office for the space of a twelvemonth, I shall do what all good officers ought to do, take a survey of my behaviour, and consider carefully, whether I have discharged my duty, and acted up to the character with which I am invested. For my direction in this particular, I have made a narrow search into the nature of the old Roman Censors, whom I always must regard, not only as my predecessors, but as my patterns in this great employment; and have several times asked my own heart with great impartiality, whether Cato will not bear a more venerable figure ainong posterity than Bickerstaff?
I find the duty of the Roman Censor was twofold. The first part of it consisted in making frequent reviews of the people, in casting up their numbers, ranging them under their several tribes, disposing them into proper classes, and subdividing them into their respective centuries.
In compliance with this part of the office, I have taken many curious surveys of this great city. I have collected into particular bodies the dappers and the omarts, the natural and affected rakes, the pretty fellozus, and very pretty fellows. I have likewise drawn out in several distinct parties your pedants and men of fire, your gamesiers and politicians. I have separated cits from ci izens, free-thinkers from philosophers, witsjfrom snufftakers, and duellists from men of honour. I have likewise made a calculation of esquires, not only considering the several distinct swarms of them that are settled in the different parts of this town, but also that more rugged species that inhabit the fields and woods, and are often found in pot-houses, and upon hay-cocks.
I shall pass the soft sex over in silence, having not yet reduced them into any tolerable order; as likewise the softertribe of lovers, which will cost me a great deal of time, before I shall be able to cast them into their several centuries and subdivisions.
The second part of the Roman Censor's office was to look into the manners of the people, and to check any growing luxury, whether in diet, dress or building. This duty likewise I have endeavoured to discharge, by those wholesome precepts which I have given my countrymen in regard to beef and mutton, and the severe censures, which I have passed upon ragouts and fricacies. There is not, as I am informed, a pair of red heels to be seen within ten miles of London, which I may likewise ascribe, without vanity, to the becoming zeal which I expressed in that particular. I must own my success with the petticoat is not so srcat : but as I have not yet done with it, I hope I