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yards in compafs. Incidents of fuch nature Thould be told, not reprefented.

- Non tamen intus

Digna geri promes in fcenam: multaque tolles
Ex oculis, quæ mox narret facundia præfens."
HOR. Ars Poet. ver. 182.

• Yet there are things improper for a scene,
Which men of judgment only will relate.'
ROSCOMMON.

I should, therefore, in this particular, recommend to my countrymen the example of the French stage, where the kings and queens always appear unattended, and leave their guards behind the scenes. I fhould likewife be glad if we imitated the French in banishing from our stage the noise of drums, trumpets, and huzzas; which is fometimes fo very great, that when there is a battle in the Haymarket theatre, one may hear it as far as Charing-crofs.

I have here only touched upon those particulars which are made ufe of to raise and aggrandize the perfons of a tragedy; and fhall fhew in another paper the feveral expedients which are practised by authors of a vulgar genius to move terror, pity, or admiration, in their

hearers.

The tailor and the painter often contribute to the fuccefs of a tragedy more than the poet. Scenes affect ordinary minds as much as fpeeches; and our actors are very fenfible, that a welldreffed play has fometimes brought them as full audiences as a well-written one. The Italians

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have a very good phrafe to express this art of impofing upon the fpectators by appearances; they call it the Fourberia della fcena,' The knavery, or trickish part of the drama.' But however the show and outside of the tragedy may work upon the vulgar, the more underftanding part of the audience immediately fee through it, and despise it.

A good poet will give the reader a more lively idea of an army or a battle in a description, than if he actually faw them drawn up in fquadrons and battalions, or engaged in the confufion of a fight. Our minds fhould be opened to great conceptions, and inflamed with glorious fentiments by what the actor speaks, more than by what he appears. Can all the trappings or equipage of a king or hero, give Brutus half that pomp and majefty which he receives from a few lines in Shakspeare?

*

C'.

*At Drury-lane, for the benefit of Mrs. Porter, Love's laft Shift; or, The Fool in Fashion: Sir Novelty, Mr. Cibber; Sir W.Wifewoud, Mr. Johnfon; Lovelefs, Mr. Wilks; Worthy, Mr. Mills; Snap, Mr. Penkethman; Sly, Mr. Bullock; Amanda, Mrs. Porter; Narciffa, Mrs. Oldfield; and Hilaria, Mrs. Bicknell.-Spect. in folio.

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By Addifon, dated, it feems, from Chelsea. See N° 7.

N° 43. Thursday, April 19, 1711.

Hæ tibi erunt artes; pacifque imponere morem,
Parcere fubjectis, et debellare fuperbos.

VIRG. Æn. vi. 854.

Be these thy arts; to bid contention cease,
Chain up ftern wars and give the nations peace;
O'er fubject lands extend thy gentle sway,
And teach with iron rod the haughty to obey.

THERE are crowds of men, whose great misfortune it is that they were not bound to mechanic arts or trades; it being abfolutely neceffary for them to be led by fome continual task or employment. These are fuch as we commonly call dull fellows; perfons, who for want of fomething to do, out of a certain vacancy of thought, rather than curiosity, are ever meddling with things for which they are unfit. I cannot give you a notion of them better, than by presenting you with a letter from a gentleman, who belongs to a fociety of this order of men, refiding at Oxford.

• SIR,

Oxford, April 13, 1711. Four o'clock in the morning.

'IN fome of your late fpeculations, I find some sketches towards an history of clubs: but you seem to me to fhew them in somewhat too ludicrous a light. I have well weighed that matter, and think, that the most important negotiations may be beft carried on in fuch affemblies. I fhall therefore, for the good of mankind (which I truft, you and I are equally

concerned for) propose an institution of that nature for example fake.

'I must confess the design and transactions of too many clubs are trifling, and manifestly of no confequence to the nation or public weal. Those I will give you up. But you must do me then the justice to own, that nothing can be more useful or laudable, than the fcheme we go upon. To avoid nicknames and witticisms, we call ourselves The Hebdomadal Meeting. Our prefident continues for a year at least, and fometimes four or five: we are all grave, ferious, defigning men, in our way: we think it our duty, as far as in us lies, to take care the constitution receives no harm-Ne quid detrimenti res capiat publica-To cenfure doctrines or facts, perfons or things, which we do not like; to fettle the nation at home, and carry on the war abroad, where and in what manner we fee fit. If other people are not of our opinion, we cannot help that. It were better they were. Moreover we now and then condefcend to direct in fome measure, the little affairs of our own university.

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Verily, Mr.Spectator, we are much offended at the act for importing French wines. A bottle or two of good folid edifying port at honest George's, made a night cheerful, and threw off referve. But this plaguy French claret will not only coft us more money, but do us lefs good. Had we been aware of it, before it had gone too far, I must tell you, we would have petitioned to be heard upon that fubject. But let that pafs.

'I must let you know likewise, good fir, that we look upon a certain northern prince's march, in conjunction with infidels, to be palpably against our good-will and liking; and for all monfieur Palmquift, a moft dangerous innovation; and we are by no means yet fure, that fome people are not at the bottom of it. At leaft my own private letters leave room for a politician, well versed in matters of this nature, to fufpect as much, as a penetrating friend of mine tells me.

"We think we have at last done the business with the malecontents in Hungary, and shall clap up a peace there.

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What the neutrality army is to do, or what the army in Flanders, and what two or three other princes, is not yet fully determined among us; and we wait impatiently for the coming in of the next Dyer's, who you must know is our authentic intelligence, our Ariftotle in politics. And indeed it is but fit there fhould be fome dernier refort, the abfolute decider of controverfies.

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We were lately informed, that the gallant trained-bands had patrolled all night long about the streets of London. We indeed could not imagine any occafion for it, we gueffed not a tittle on it aforehand, we were in nothing of the fecret; and that city tradesmen, or their apprentices, fhould do duty or work during the holidays, we thought absolutely impoffible. But Dyer being pofitive in it, and fome letters from other people, who had talked with some who had it from those who should know, giving

VOL. I.

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