It is a breathed consonant

Equivalents: ed as in missed, th as in Thomas

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In making the sounds of t, d, n, and 1, be sure to place the tongue on the gums, not against the teeth.

Webster, t

Funk and Wagnalls, t Phonetic Symbol, t

Drill: tah, ta, tee, too, toh, taw

at, et, it, oot, ut, ot

This sound occurs initially, finally, and medially:

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1. The tall traveler told the tale to Thomas.

2. The train turned into the tunnel.

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Ten and ten and two are twenty-two.

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1. "Bright before it, beat the water.”

2. Gilbert left his hat, coat, and net in the boat. 3. The artist bought ten tiny tubes of paint.

4. The teacher taught Tony to write neatly.

5. Put the pattern and the buttons into Matilda's basket.

6. Harriet bought a tan tassel for her belt.

7. The little pine tree wished to be tall and stately. 8. Martin asked Margaret to typewrite the letter.


Ottawa, the capital of Canada, is situated in Ontario on the Ottawa River.

10. Tin is a soft, lustrous, white metal which becomes brittle when heated.

11. Austin is the capital of Texas, the largest State in the Union.

12. Wilbert and Herbert walked to the tulip tree in the heart of the forest.

13. Birds twittered in the tree tops and a swift mountain stream tumbled over stones and roots.

14. "Under his slouched hat, left and right

He glanced; the old flag met his sight.'


d is a voiced consonant

Press the tip of the tongue on the gums

behind the upper teeth as for t, and expel the
breath with vibration of the vocal cords.

Webster, d Funk and Wagnalls, d Phonetic Symbol, d

Drill: dah, da, dee, doo, doh, daw

ad, ed, id, ood, ud, od

This sound occurs initially, finally, and medially:

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1. Dorothea did darn Daisy's doily.

2. Dare to do your duty!

3. Don't drop the dainty dish, Dora.

4. Daniel Davis decided to descend into the dense



Did Delia dust the dark mahogany desk?

6. Dr. Dunne drove directly to the dentist's.

7. The damsel decorated the dining-room with daisies. Day dawned as the daring rider dashed down the



9. Dick Dawson made a pond for the ducks by damming the ditch.

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1. Ned heard the measured tread of the lads on deck. 2. "Delaware, Dover, Rhode Island, Providence, answered Edward.

3. Dutch traders from Holland settled New Amsterdam.

4. A tadpole lived in the dark, deep, muddy pond. 5. Harold drew a design for Lydia's card-case. 6. Edgar divided the dainties among his friends. 7. The dancing doll delighted the toddling child. 8. Adelaide made a delicious pudding for dinner. 9. The dignified judge danced at his daughter's wedding.

10. Fred planted the dahlias and daisies beside the bed of daffodils.

11. The timid deer turned his lifted head, gazed toward the meadow and listened.

12. That cold December day Douglas and David waded through the deep drifts to the drug store.

13. "All that glitters is not gold,

Often have ye heard that told.'

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14. "And the song from beginning to end,
I found again in the heart of a friend."

Substitution of One Sound for Another

t for d

d for t

tah dah, ta da, tee dee, too doo, toh doh, taw daw at ad, et ed, it id, oot ood, ut ud, ot od

Pronounce these words vertically then horizontally, making an aspirate after each t and voicing every d:

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Do not put the pudding into the tin can.

2. Dora read the story to Tom and Dan.

3. The little lad put the tiny paddle on the mantel.


"Our band is few, but true and tried, our leader frank and bold;

The British soldier trembles, when Marion's name

is told."

5. The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want.

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