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ham, the Botanists, 303. QUERIES:- Lieutenant-General John Adlercron-Arms Wanted-Austrian Motto: the Five Vowels - Berry or Bury-Brian, King and Martyr-George Bright, Dean of St. Asaph, 1689-Mrs. Cokain at Ashburne Cromwellian Grants-William Cuningham (or Kenningham), M.D.
Eels-Eglantine - Eliot of Cornwall - Epigram-Ficti
tious Appellations-Jack the Giant Killer - "Journal des Guillotines "-William Kerr, Third Earl of LothianNumismatic Queries - Papa and Mamma-Joshua Peel -Phoenix Family -The Prince Imperial, a Son of St. Louis-Sarah Leigh Pyke - Ranulph de Meschines - St. Peter's-in-the-East, Oxford, &c., 304,
QUERIES WITH ANSWERS: -John Donne, Son of Dr. Donne
-Caxton's First Book - Dark House - Shakspeare's Daughter's Tombstone-St. Bartholomew's Church Smithfield St. Pancras, Middlesex - Sir William Myers-Alfred Bunn, 307.
REPLIES: Sedechias, 309- Expedition to Carthagena, Ib. Heath Beer, 310-Heraldic: Right to continue Arms, 312 - Archbishop Leighton's Library Guido
Fawkes Lord Chatham: Spanish Language-An Ancient Custom - Paul Jones - Bible Translators The Monogram of Constantine-Flamborough Tower - Derivation of Pamphlet - Siege of Belgrade-Arms of Pizarro -Portraits of Dr. Johnson-Squair Men of DumfriesSermon against Vaccination, &c., 313. Notes on Books, &c.
EARLY SURNAMES, [NO. II.]
I have much pleasure in contributing a second list of uncommon surnames to the pages of "N. & Q."
It is with feelings of regret that I record the existence of a Mr. Warin Drunckeman, who was of the liberty of St. Aldred, London, 19 Henry III. (Miscellaneous Assize Rolls, No. 61.)
A certain north country dean, whose zeal exceeds his common sense, would do well to read us a lesson in connection with the surname of Drunckeman. He might compare the sobriety of England in the thirteenth with the sobriety of England in the nineteenth century, declaring at the same time that there could be no doubt we exceed more in liquors spiritual than our ancestors did in 1200. He should instance this very surname of Drunkman to support his theory. Why? Then listen:-Is it not clear that Warin or Warin's forefathers must have been singular in their depravity? Now-a-days Drunkman would point out thousands and tens of thousands. You might as well call a man Drunkman for distinction as you might call a man Smith where the Smiths abound, or John Jones in Wales. But in by-gone eras it was different. Then the vice of intemperance was rare-confined to a few-and
such a surname as Drunckeman would point out an individual definitely; now the title would include an immense mass of our population, and “be vagueness itself."
This sort of reasoning may appear rather illogical, but the Cumberland ecclesiastic is not remarkable for wondrous argumentative powers, save in the minds of fanatics, tract-ridden old ladies with cats, and rabid reformed votaries of the bottle or beer-pot.
In my last communication I alluded to Mr Bugg; this week I have met with a Mr. Buggy or Bugy, whose wife's name was Dionisia. How well that sounds-Dionisia Buggy! Buggy, Esq., or rather William Buggy, Esq., lived in Dorsetshire about 1230. (M. A. Roll, No. 35.)
Poor jilted girl, take comfort! Men were always fickle. Wm. Frescheluve comes into court to give evidence in favour of our assertion. Yes, this Gloucestershire person indubitably was the which is unhappily increased by the unmercenariworthy predecessor of the genus "he-flirt," a race ness of mothers and chaperones in '63. Mind we take "flirt" in its lowest sense. We don't refer to the ball-room butterfly and his "chaff," but to the regular professional male heart-breaker. Oh, changeable Wm. Frescheluve! Oh, weather-vane modern Freshloves! Do you wish for a reference to W. F.? M. A. Roll, 18, 19 Hen. III.
Temprenoyse. Robert Temprenoyse of Suffolk, M. A. Roll, 25 Hen. III.
William Crist, Bideford, 27 Hen. III., ditto.
Roger Behindethedore of Surrey, M. A. Roll, 27 Hen. III. Mr. Behindethedore, who were you hiding from, or whom were you watching as a spy? Well, I suppose you can't speak for yourself.]
Tristam le Esquier of co. Hereford, M. A. Roll, 25 Hen. III.
Robert Hoppeshort of Chelworth, Wilts, same year and
Richard Drink peny, Norfolk, ditto.
Wm. de Galiolo of Notts. Notts County Bag Pleas, 9 Edw. I.
Hugh Svetbichebon, Hunts., M. A. Roll, circa 27 Hen. III.
Roger Hundredsreve, Hunts., M. A. Roll, 27 Hen. III. William Makebeverage, M. A. Roll, 27 Hen. III. Stephen Harmgod, Kent, M. A. Roll, 27 Hen. III. Litlerest. Robt. Litlerest, Northampton, M. A. Roll, 27 Hen. III. [Fidgetty fellow! fidgetty fellow! why couldn't you keep quiet?]
Wm. Spendeluve of Southwark, London, M. A. Roll, 19 Hen. III.
Geoffry Aaron of Essex, M. A. Roll, 25 Hen. III. William Svettibedde of Thurstanton, M. A. Roll, same
Alice Saunzmaunche (or Sleeveless), anno 31.
Alan Makesemblant, Bedf., anno 31.
Walt Largemeyns (or Big-hands), Suff., M. A. Roll, 82 Hen. III.
Hen. Shakelaunce (compare Shakespear) of Linc. 33 Hen. III.
Wm. Wytepese of Kent, same year.
Thos. le Heymonger of Heref., same year.
Alice, daughter of Wm. Waggespere, held land in
Wm. Portebref (or Carry-writ?) of Wilts, anno 84.
John Ulfhund, (Wolf-hound?) of Suffolk, anno 34.
Adam Godegram of Somerset, anno 34.
Rad Gudsalm of Bucks, anno 34.
Robt. Wynneferling of Norf., same year.
Rog. Lecherwhyt or Letherwhyt of Linc., anno 34.
16 Edw. I.
He was fifth son of Sir Henry Vane, Secretary of State to Charles I., by Frances, daughter of Thomas Darcy, Esq.
Papers. They show that he was inimical to Cromwell's government, and that his movements were closely watched.
In 1664, during the first Dutch war, he went as Envoy to the Elector of Brandenburgh. The illustrious John Locke accompanied him as secretary.
On August 17, 1668, about which time he was made Major-General, he was appointed Colonel of the 3rd Regiment of Foot (then called the Holland regiment). He was also Marshal of the Field in the Spanish service. In the winter of 1673, the States General obtained permission to employ English and Scotch troops; and he raised for them the regiment now known as the 6th Foot, of which he was made Colonel, Dec. 12, 1673; being at, or about that time, constituted Major-General in the Dutch service.
He displayed distinguished bravery in the battle of Seneffe (Aug. 1, 1674); where he was so severely wounded, that he died at Mons two days afterwards, being interred in the great church at the Hague, in the cloister whereof is the following inscription:
"Hic juxta reponuntur exuvia WALTERI VANE, militis, filii quinti Henrici Vane militis, Carolo Primo Magnæ Britanniæ Regi a sacris conciliis et secretarii Principal. Qui a serenissimo Principe Auriaco Campo præfectus, media inter agmina, forti manu, sed fortiori animo, in Prælio Seneffensi, Hostium impetum et rabiem repellens, Cæco sed inexpugnabili marte percussus, Montii oppido quod est Hannoniæ, Anno Dom. M.DC.LXXIIII., Ætatis suæ LV.III. Nonas Augusti Invictam per vulnera reddidit animam Deo."
To him his brother-in-law, Sir Robert Honywood, dedicated his translation of Nani's History, and kindness to him and his, exercised with a 1673; wherein he acknowledges Sir Walter's love generosity without many examples.
probable that he married a daughter of Sir Robert He is said to have died without issue; but it is Stone, as he addressed that gentleman as his
C. H. & THOMPSON COOPER.
The Parliament on May 7, 1649 (at which period he was a Knight and Lieut.-Colonel), granted him a pass to go into Holland, with leave to transport six horses custom and import free. July 2, 1651, when the Parliament received a report from St. John and Strickland, the ambassadors to the States General, there was read in the House a letter from Arthur Arscott to Sir A NEGLECTED BIOGRAPHY: LIONEL LUKIN. Walter Vane, touching the letter intercepted from him to Sir Gilbert Gerard. It was resolved It seems strange that in a country surrounded that the Parliament did declare, that for anything on all sides by the ocean, and induced alike by appearing to them, notwithstanding the letter and choice and circumstances to promote an efficient suspicion concerning Sir Walter Vane, he might navy, so little attention should have been paid to and was at liberty to resort into England as any the production of means for saving life from other person then beyond the seas, and belonging" perils by sea." Still stranger is it that when at to the Commonwealth, might do.
We find him much in Holland, in 1654, 1655, and 1656; but he was occasionally, during that period, at his father's houses: Fairlawn in Kent, and Raby Castle, co. Durham. Many intercepted letters, to and from him, are in Thurloe's State
length the invaluable principle of the life-boat was discovered, the invention should have met with scant encouragement, and the inventor been allowed to live without notice, and to die without honour. To Sir David Brewster is due the merit of having carefully investigated the somewhat
intricate history which belongs to this important discovery, and of having given a late, though hearty, recognition to the claims of Mr. Lionel Lukin.
I must refer your readers to Sir David's interesting contribution to a recent number of Good Words for particulars of the origin and development of life-boat construction; but I should be glad to preserve in your pages a few notes respecting "the undoubted inventor."
Lionel Lukin was born at Dunmow, in Essex, May 18, 1742. He was the youngest son of William Lukin of Blatches, in Little Dunmow, by his wife Anne, daughter of James Stokes, and grandson of Robert Lukin, of Wellstye in Barnston, by Dorothy, daughter of Lionel Lane of Felstead. The Lukins are an old Essex family, whose descent is duly recorded in the Heraldic Visitations of the county. Mr. Lionel Lukin was seventh in descent from Geoffrey Lukyn, to whom Henry VIII. granted the manor of Mashbury, and bore as arms, Argent, a lion rampant gules, over all a bend paly of six, or and az."† Mr. Lukin's first cousin was Dr. George Lukin, Dean of Wells, &c., whose son, Vice-Admiral Lukin, assumed the name of Windham on acquiring the estate of that family at Felbrigg, in Norfolk.
Mr. Lukin settled in London, and in a short time was at the head of an eminent coach-building firm in Long Acre. In 1767 he became a member of the Coachmakers' Company, and retired from business in 1824. He enjoyed the friendship of the Prince-Regent, and of many members of " the aristocracy of mind and fashion," amongst whom he acquired the reputation of being a man of polished wit, as well as of great scientific attainments. The Records of the Patent Office would, I think, show that other inventions besides the life-boat engaged his attention. Among the rest was one by which he sought to render fit for food the refuse of animals, man included. Upon this invention he bestowed much time and trouble, and lost a considerable amount of money.
On leaving business, he settled at Hythe, in Kent, and there died, at an advanced age, February 16, 1834.
Mr. Lukin was twice married, and, by his first wife Anne, widow of Henry Gilder of Dunmow, and daughter of Walker, left issue two children, viz. Lionel, of Cowham House, Battersea, who died in 1839, leaving issue, and Anne, who married John Helyar Rocke of Closworth, co. Somerset, who died in 1857, also leaving issue.
CHARLES J. ROBINSON, M.A.
EPIGRAM. Simultaneously with the election of the late Professor Scholefield to the chair of Greek in this university, a namesake convicted of an offence then capital, with difficulty obtained a commutation of his sentence. The Professor was supposed to owe his election to the following capricious chance. In the absence of one of the electors, the Master of Christ's (John Kaye, also Bishop of Lincoln) the locum tenens, not holding the Master's proxy, but exercising an independent right of choice, asked a friend for whom the Master of Trinity intended to vote. "For Hugh James Rose," was the answer. "Then I shall vote for Scholefield," was the ready, if not reasonable, reply of the locum tenens.
The author of the epigram was the late Sir John Mortlock, brother-in-law of the bishop, and father-in-law of my lamented friend Dr. Donaldson, who communicated it to me, adding that the celebrated Lord Norbury once told the author that he had never himself made nor heard a better: "Two Scholefields in London and Cambridge of late Have met, I am told, with a similar fate: The one was transported to Botany Bay, The other translated to Golgotha;*
And the Johnians all say, there were lacking, that day, The noose of Jack Ketch and the voûs of John Kaye." DARSIE TORCHHILL.
MENON: LE PRIX DES ANGLAIS. The following is part of a letter from a French lady, dated September 3 :
"La ville de Cannes était une ville morte, toutes les boutiques fermées, et impossible même de se procurer un morceau de mouton, encore moins de bœuf. Les naturels du pays se nourissent de soupe à l'huile et à la tomate, et quand ils se permettent la luxe d'un morceau de viande, cette viande c'est du menon. Or, vous ne savez pas ce que c'est que du menon, et je vous en félicite: c'est du mouton de chèvre. Quand c'est cuit, cela ressemble extrêmement à du cuir bouilli. A tout ce que ma fille demandait pour tâcher de me nourrir, on lui répondrait qu'il n'y en aurait qu'après le 15 Septembre, quand viennent les Anglais. Ces Anglais sont des gens bien extraordinaires. Ils répandent leurs belles fortunes partout, et les environs de Cannes sont maintenant couverts de Villas élégantes entourées de magnifiques jardins, si bien qu'on se croirait à Torquay ou à Bournemouth. Pour les gens du pays nous passons pour des Anglaises, d'autant plus que ma femme de chambre ne dit pas un mot de Français, et grâce à cette qualité, on nous fait tout payer le quadruple de ce que cela devrait être. Cela s'appelle le prix des Anglais."
PAINT AND PATCHES.-The following early instance of the use of paint and patches by the fair sex, if not already noticed in "N. & Q.," may interest your readers: they are both taken from
Alas! this word will soon be forgotten, as I am sorry to say "Harry-soph" is already.
John Evelyn's Diary the former under date of the interminable wilderness, and from subsequent facts 1654, the latter under date of 1677:
"I now observed how the women began to paint themselves, formerly a most ignominious thing, and used only by prostitutes."
"Her face (i. e. the Duchess of Newcastle's), discovers the facility of the sex, in being yet persuaded it deserves the esteem years forbid, by the infinite care she takes to place the curls and patches." D. M. STEVENS.
CORMORANTS CAUGHT WITH THE HAND.-In Goldsmith's Animated Nature we are informed that the Rev. Mr. Bingley, in the year 1798, saw a cormorant that had been caught with the hand, when perched at the top of a rock near the town of Caernarvon. And in the year 1793, a cormorant was seen sitting on the vane of St. Martin's steeple, Ludgate Hill, and was there shot. To these I would add the following: one morning during the past summer I observed from my bedroom window a large bird settled on the lawn, but a short distance from the house, which I soon discovered to be a cormorant; here it remained some time quite at ease, luxuriating in the morning's sun. Seeing it evinced no desire to remove, it was caught with the hand without any trouble, saving that it gave the person who caught it a slight squeeze. Having been kept a prisoner for a few hours, I liberated it myself, when, after dressing its feathers, and giving sundry wistful glances around, it flew away towards the sea with great rapidity. I have no doubt that this bird had taken an over-plenteous meal, and had thus become stupid and careless.
JOHN BOWEN ROWLANDS.
SURNAMES ENDING IN "Cox."-The late Ross Cox, Esq., of Dublin, a gentleman of considerable literary ability, and author of a work on British Columbia, Hudson's Bay Company, and the Rocky Mountains, had a curious collection of surnames ending in "cox." The number amounted to certainly over fifty, and was collected by himself and friends in all parts of the world. A lady, some years ago, offered him a considerable sum of money for the original list, but he refused the offer. The list, I believe, is in possession of his son, a gentleman who is well-known to the Dublin literati. S. REDMOND.
THE BROTHERS CUNNINGHAM, THE BOTANISTS. In the article "Australia," in the last edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, an incorrect account is given relative to the two brothers Allan and Richard Cunningham, the botanists. It is stated under the section of Sir T. L. Mitchell's discoveries on the Bogan River, New South Wales (1835), that
"The botanist Allan Cunningham was lost from the main body of the party in his rambling for plants through
which came to light, there is every reason to believe that he was murdered by the natives. In memory of his sad fate and invaluable services to the colony, the government have erected an obelisk in the Botanic Garden at Sydney."
Now, in the first place, it was not Allan Cunningham that accompanied Sir T. L. Mitchell as botanist. It was a younger brother, Richard Cunningham, who met the sad fate just alluded to. A monument to his memory was placed by his brother Allan in the Scotch church in Sydney.
The obelisk that is erected in the Botanic Garden is to the memory of Allan Cunningham, who died on June 27, 1839. It was subscribed for by his personal friends, the government having nothing to do with its erection. (See London Journal of Botany, 1842, p. 291). R. HEWARD. Kensington.
BERRY OR BURY.-The field at Bignor in which the Roman pavements are is called in the leases "the Berry."
of this word to fields or places where Roman reAre there any other instances of the application mains are or have been extant? C.
BRIAN, KING AND MARTYR.-Sir Harris Nicolas in his useful Chronology of History, published in Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopædia, gives us, p. 102, sq., "The Roman and Church Calendar,' where, at March 12, we read, "St. Gregory, Pope. Brian, K. and M." I cannot find elsewhere any mention of this king and martyr; he is not to be
MRS. COKAIN AT ASHBURNE. Several of Dr. Donne's letters are addressed to this lady. Who was she, and whom did she marry? CPL. CROMWELLIAN GRANTS.-Can any correspondent give me, through the medium of " N. & Q.,” a list of Cromwellians of gentle blood, if any there were, who received grants of lands in Queen's County, Ireland, and from what English counties they came ? RICHARD W.
WILLIAM CUNINGHAM (OR KENNINGHAM) M.D. William Cuningham, author of the scarce and learned old treatise The Cosmographical Glasse, conteinyng the pleasant Principles of Cosmographie, Geographie, Hydrographie or Navigation, (Lond., fo. 1559), is, we are persuaded, identical with William Kenningham, whose Almanack or Prognostication for 1558, has been noticed in your pages (1st S. xi. 435). We find that by the latter name he had the degree of M.B. from this University in 1557, under a grace stating that he had studied physic for seven years, and had been examined and approved by Doctors Walker and Hatcher. He is supposed to have been about twenty-six years of age at this period, as his portrait prefixed to the Cosmographical Glasse represents him in his twenty-eighth year. It is probable that he received the doctorate at Heidelberg. moved in the early part of the reign of Elizabeth from Norwich to London, where his residence was in Coleman Street. In 1563 he gave lectures at Surgeons' Hall, and he published an Almanack or Prognostication for 1566. Any subsequent notice of him will be acceptable, and the date of his death is particularly desired.
C. H. & THOMPSON COOPER.
EELS.-Will any of your correspondents be kind enough to give me the names of any places or persons that appear to be derived from this fish? Ely, Ellesmere, Elmore, Aalborg in Jutland, are said to obtain their names from the eel. Bede is one authority, I believe, for this derivation of Ely. It is said that the rents were formerly paid in eels. Where can I refer for information on this subject; as also, on the eel-fisheries of Sion
"Through the sweet briar or the vine,
Nares in his Glossary says eglantine has sometimes
"Cheeks more fair than fairest eglantine;" and the description here of the colour of the flower does not agree with the colour of the sweet briar. He might have meant the honeysuckle, as one variety has pale flowers. Wither, in his poems, has
"Fair woodbines which about the hedges twine,
Smooth privet, and the sharp-scent _eglantine." Here the woodbine, or honeysuckle, is distinshould like to know when eglantine was first used guished from the eglantine or sweet briar. I as applied to the honeysuckle. Sydenham.
ELIOT OF CORNWALL. Mention is made of the monument of John Eliot in the church of Cranborne, Dorset (3rd S. i. 445). The monument is surmounted by the family arms, consisting of a shield with twelve quarterings, and label for difference. Hutchins does not particularise them. The height at which the arms are placed renders it difficult to blazon them; but so well as I was able to distinguish the bearings, they are as follows:
1. Ar. fess gu. between three bars, wavy sa. (Eliot.)
4. Sa., spear in pale between two mullets or.
6. Ar. boar's head erased, between three mullets, gu.
9. Erm. on a canton, a horse's head couped. 10. Fusilly [?], a lion rampant, or. 11. A stag springing forwards.
12. Ar. on a chief sa., three mullets or.
I do not vouch for the strict accuracy of all these bearings, for the reason I have stated; but I apprehend they may yet afford data suggestive