24. Si quis nunc mergos suaves edixerit aflos,

Parebit pravi docilis Romana juventus *.

Let me extol a cat, on oysters fed,
I'll have a party at the Bedford-Head;
Or ev'n to crack live craw-fish recommend,
+ lid aever doubt at Court to bave a friend I.


To dine upon a cat fattened with oysters, and to crack live craw-filh, is infinitely more pleasant and ridiculous than to eat mergos afos. But then the words extel, and recommend, fall far below edixerit ; give out a decree : So Virgil, Georgic the third, line 295, does not advise but raises his subject by saying,

Incipiens ftabulis edico in mollibus herbam
Carperc oves

25. Ille repotia natales aliosque dierum

Feltos albatus celebret- - $

But on fome lucky day (as when they found
A loft Bank-bill, or heard their son was drown'd 1.

Much heightened and improved by two

• Ver. 5!

+ This fourth line is feeble and unmeaning. 1 Ver. 41.

Ver. 60.

Ver. 55.



such supposed occasions of the unnatural festivity and joy of a true miser.

26. Dulcia se in bilem vertent, stomachoque tumultuon

Lenta feret pituita

When bile, and phlegm, and wind, and acid jar,
And all the man is one intestine war to

Τα γαρ ανομοια στασιαζε, fays Hippocrates: the very metaphor here employed by Horace.

Two writers of science, in Greek, have used a style eminently pure, precise, and elegant, Hippocrates and Exclid.


vides, ut pallidus omnis Cæna desurgat dubia 1.

How pale each worshipful and rev'rend guest
Rise from a clergy or a city feaf g.

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Our author has been strangely guilty here of false English and false grammar, by using rise for rises. The expression in the original is from Terence; in the second act of the Pbormio.

• Ver. 75.

+ Ver, 71.

1 Ver. 77

$ Ver. 76. Ph. Czna

Ph. Cæna dubia apponitur :
GETA. Quid iftud verbi eft ? PH. Ubi tu dubites

quid sumas potiflimum.

From which passage it is worth observing, that Terence was the first writer that used this expression.


Hos utipam inter
Heroas aacum tellus me prima tuliffet *.

Why bad I not in these good times my birth,
Ere coxcomb-pyes, or coxcombs, were on earth to

The last line, and the conceit of coxcomb-pyes and coxcombs, Gink

Gnk it below the original ; which, by the way, fays Cruquius, seems to allude to that of Hefiod, Oper. & Dieb.

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19. Das aliquid Famæ, quæ carmine gratior aurem Occupet humanam-1


Unworthy he, the voice of Fame to hear,
That sweetest music to an honeft car g.

• Ver. 93.

+ Ver. 97

1 Ver. 94.

Ver. 99

X 3

Two very

beautiful lines, that excel the original; though in truth the word occupat has much force. Horace again alludes to his favourite Grecians. Antisthenes philosophus, says the old commentator, cum vidiffet adolescentem Acroamatibus multum delectari, O te, ait, infelicem, qui summum Acroama, hoc est, Laudem tuam non audivifti.

30. Cur * eget indignus quisquam te divite + ?

How dar's thou let one worthy man be poor I ?

Very spirited, and superior to the ori. ginal; for darf is far beyond the mere eget. 31. Non aliquid patriæ tanto emetiris acervo 8 ?

Or to thy country let that heap be lent,
As M o's was—but not at five per cent |

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He could not forbear this stroke against a nobleman, whom he had been for many years accustomed to hear abused by his

bless your

hand uoseen,

« Ev'n modcst want may

“ Tho'huih'd in patient wretchedness at home.” Whichi second line (of Dr. Armstrong) is exquisitely tender, + Ver. 103. Ver. 118, Ver. 105. || Ver. 121.



most intimate friends. A certain parasite, who thought to please Lord Bolingbroke by ridiculing the avarice of the Duke of M. was stopt Ihort by Lord Bolingbroke ; who laid, He was so very great a man, that I

, forget he had that vice. 3 Non ego, narrantem, temere edi luce profefta

Quidquam, &c.

This speech of Ofellus continues in the original to the end of this satire. Pope has taken all that follows out of the mouth of Bethell, and speaks entirely in his own person. 'Tis impossible not to transcribe the pleasing picture of his way

of life, and the account he gives of his own table, in lines that express common and familiar objects with dignity and elegance. See therefore his bill of fare, of which


will long to partake, and with you could have dined at Twickenbam.

32. 'Tis true, no turbots dignify my boards,

But gudgeons, flounders, what my Thames affords:
To Houndow-Heath I point, and Banfted-Down,
Tbence comes your mution, anu these chicks on


• Ver. 116.

X +


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