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BIRD S. COLER, Comptroller of the City of New York, ex officio.


President, Hon. JOHN BIGELOW.

First Vice-President, Rt. Rev. HENRY C. POTTER, D. D.

Second Vice-President, JOHN S. KENNEDY, Esq.

Secretary, GEORGE L. RIVES, Esq., 32 Nassau Street.

Treasurer, EDWARD KING, Esq., Union Trust Company, 80 Broadway.
Director, JOHN S. BILLINGS, LL.D., 40 Lafayette Place.



HE Astor Building, 40 Lafayette Place, and the Lenox Building, Fifth Avenue and 70th Street, are open daily, excepting on Sundays, Independence Day, Christmas, and New Year, from 9 A. M. until 6 P. M.

The Reading rooms and the Exhibition rooms are free to all persons; but children under the age of fifteen years must be accompanied by an adult.

In the Reading room of each Library Building certain shelves are set apart for books of reference, which readers are allowed to take down and examine at their pleasure. For all other books an application must be made by filling out and signing one of the blanks provided for the purpose.

Published monthly by The New York Public Library, No. 40 Lafayette Place, New York City

Subscription One Dollar a year, single numbers Ten Cents. Subscriptions may be sent to I. Ferris Lockwood, Business Superintendent, No. 40 Lafayette Place, New York.

Entered as second-class matter at the New York, N. Y., Post Office, January 30, 1897

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During the month of July, there were received at the Library by purchase 731 volumes and 526 pamphlets, and by gift 580 books and 2,092 pamphlets. There were catalogued 4,764 books and 1,792 pamphlets, for which purpose 14,923 cards and 1,590 slips for printer were written.

The following table shows the number of readers, and the number of volumes consulted, in both the Astor and Lenox Branches of the Library, during the month:

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Among the important gifts of the month were-232 volumes and 65 pamphlets from the Argentine Republic; 18 volumes and 12 pamphlets from Mr. S. P. Avery; 10 volumes and 133 pamphlets from Mr. F. M. Crossett; 3 volumes from the Glasgow University Library; 2 volumes from the Japanese Government; I volume entitled "Calendar of Letter Books of the City of London, Letter A," from the Guildhall Library, London; 23 volumes from the N. Y. Secretary of State; 2 volumes from the Imperial Russian Geographical Society, St. Petersburgh; 1 volume from Mrs. Anton Seidl; and 25 volumes from Mrs. E. N. Vanderpoel.


*** The following letters from James C. Calhoun to Samuel L. Gouverneur are printed from the original manuscripts presented to the New York Public Library by Mr. John L. Cadwalader.

9th April 1823


These are times in which honest men should know each other. I have long known Mr Edwards, and have ever considered him distinguished for a high political integrity. He is the decided friend of the administration, and the determined opponent of Mr Van Buren and the rest of the intriguers. I wish him to know you, and you to know him, to effect which, I have taken the liberty of making you this communication. I am more confident every day, that as we, the Republicans, have defeated the Federalists, so will we trample over the Radicals and intriguers. Truly

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New York is the

It is high time for honest men to unite in your state. centre towards which all of the political managers over this widely extended country have turned their attentions, at this time. If a candidate can be elected without services, as qualifications by sheer management, it must be by the instru mentality of that active, but unprincipled class of politicians, which a powerful combination of causes has engendered in your state. Unsustained by New York the cause of intrigue is desperate, but with its support the struggle must be severe and doubtful.

Mr Edwards I have long known, and can say with great confidence that he is perfectly trustworthy. I do hope, that the New York Patriot* will rear a standard around which all of the friends of the administration and sound principles will rally. Let the honest become acquainted with each other, and expose to the Union the real character and history of such men as Van Buren &c who have done so much to alienate the Republican party of the state from that of the Union. The principles of concert ought to be extended from the city to the whole state, and all possible jar between the two be avoided.

The reaction is going on in Virginia. If I mistake not, Richie will not be able to sustain himself in his course. He will not be supported by the old standards of

*The New York Patriot, edited by Charles K. Gardener, was established to oppose William H. Crawford as a presidential candidate. Its first issue is dated 28 May 1823.

the party in the state.

Col. Taylor is decidedly opposed to his course. I was surprised to find how accurate his information is, as to passing events. He sees distinctly, that the course adopted by a certain class of their politicians, is calculated to elevate Mr Van Buren at the expense of the real interests of the state and Union. With proper efforts, I feel confident that the sound side will prevail, and the intriguers be put down. It is now well ascertained, that the Radical candidate will be the last choice of the West; and that he cannot take a majority of the South. His hope is reduced to New York and in that state to Mr Van Buren to whom, if elected, he will owe his success.


[Endorsed:] 1823 April 28th J. C. Calhoun.

With sincere regard




25th May 1823

I have read your letter with much pleasure. I hold the political renovation of the state to be certain, with due effort on the part of our friends in the city. The whole Union has a deep interest in the reform, and, I do trust, that the animation and zeal will be in proportion to the importance of the object at stake. Some anxiety is felt at the delay of the appearance of the Patriot. Tho' precipitancy ought to be avoided, yet there is no time to loose. The next fall in a great measure will determine your political complexion. The enemy is busy; and we must remember, that truth is only stronger than error, when maintained with equal energy and activity.

As to the general aspect, Majr Van Deventer, to whom I have entrusted this. communication, is so well informed, that you can learn all from him. Let New York do her duty and all will go right. It is no uncommon crisis, as time will show. We must remember that Radicalism is the last and most dangerous enemy of Republicanism.

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Apprehending that General Swift may be absent from the city, I take the liberty of troubling you with some of private business. I will take it as a singular favour, if you will attend to the subject of the enclosed. Should any expense be incurred, please to inform me of the amount, and it will be forwarded without delay. If an opportunity should not offer for the District, by having it forwarded to Norfolk, it could be sent from that place to this by the Steam Boat.

Radicalism is daily declining. South and west of this, it has been entirely pros

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