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of three miles, and at two to the west of the fort. The camp was in two lines separated by paddy fields; a great tank t covered the left flank of both lines. At 300 yards in front of this tank, but a little on its left, was another, and farther on, likewise on the left of this, another, neither more than 200 yards in circumference, and both dry; and the bank which surrounded the foremost tank had been converted into a retrenchment, on which were mounted some pieces of cannon, which commanded the plain in front, and flanked in its whole length the esplanade in front of the camp,
• All the Morattoes were returned, and lying with their plunder under the foot of the mountain, extending along it towards the N. E. end. Their scouts brought intelligence of the approach of Colonel Coote's division, on which all mounted, as did the European cavalry in the French camp, and che whole (pread in differeot bodies across the plain to the east of the mountain. Colonel Coote, with 200 of the black cavalry, followed by two companies of Sepoys, was adyancing a mile in front of the rest of the cavalry, which composed the division he was leading; and the Moratcoes sent forward 200 of their horse, on which he halted, called up the Sepoys, and interspersed them in platoons between the troops of horfe.
* The advanced body of the Morattoes nevertheless pufhed on, but were ftopped by the fire of the Sepoys, before they came to che a fe of the sword. Nevertheless, they recovered after their wheel, food till within reach of the Sepoys again, then turned again, and in this manner fell back to sheir main body, which with the French cavalry had gathered, and were drawn up, extending in a line to the eak, from the end of the mountain; the French on the right of the Mo rattoes.
• Colonel Coote, whilst halting for the Sepoys, had sent off a meffenger, ordering up the body of cavalry, which were a mile behind, and the first five companies of Sepoys with two of the field-pieces from the head of the line of infantry; to come on likewise as -fakt as they could march : che cavalry foon joined him, but more time was requisite for the Sepoys and guns, as the line was three miles off, During which, Colonel Coote, by continual halts, adyanced very flowly, and the enemy's cavalry continued on the ground they had chosen. At eight o'clock the detachment of Sepoys, with the guns, came up, when the division with Coote were at an afcent, which incercepted them from the light of the enemy, who, although they had perceived the cloud of march, had not distinguished the two guns which accompanied the Sepoys, who, joined by the other two companies, formed in a line in the rear of the cavalry, with the guns in the center; the two troops of European horse were in the center of the cavalry in the first line. In this order the two lines advanced against the enemy, who were still waiting for them; but when at the distance of 200 yards, the cavalry opened from the centre, and brought themselves round, divided on each wing of the Sepoys, in the second line; and the iofans the ground was clear, the two field-pieces began quick firing on the ene. my's line of cavalry, which were setting off to take advantage of the evolution making by the Englifh. The field-pieces were, oge a twelve, the other a lix-pounder, both of brass; and Captain Robert
: Paddy, rice.
Barker, although he commanded the whole of the Company's ar. tillery, had come up with, and now served them himself : the effect answered the good-will and dexterity; the fire was directed amongst the Morattoes; and every shot was seen to overset men and horses, which stopped their career, but not before they were within reach of the musketry of the Sepoys; and some of them on the wings had even rode in amongst the outward of the English cavalry during their evolution ; but the encreafing havoc which fell amongst them soon after, put the whole body to flight, and they galloped away to their camp, leaving the French cavalry alone, who were advancing in regular order on their right, against whom the field. pieces were then directed, which they food for some time, seeming to expect the Morattoes would rally; but seeing them entirely gone off, turned and went off themselves, but still in order, and with much composure.
• Colonel Coote advanced with his division to the ground they had quitted, and seeing the plain clear, quite up to the French camp, fent orders to his line of infantry to hali, wheresoever the order should meet them, until he returned to them himself. There were some gardens and other enclosures half a mile to the right of the ground which the French cavalry had occupied, whilst drawn up in a line with the Morattoes extending from the end of the mountain. The enclosures were good shelter on necessity, and the ground beyond them excellent for the display and action of the whole army, which Colonel Coote having reconnoitred, ordered his division to file off to the left, and to form on this ground, in the same order as before; the cavalry in a line in front, the Sepoys in another behind them.
• As soon as this disposition was executed, he rode back to the line of infantry, which were halting, drawn up in two lines according to the order of battle he had issued to the principal officers in the proceding night. He fignified his intention of leading the army on to a general ačtion, which was received with acclamations, that left no doubt of the ardour of the troops to engage the enemy they had so long been seeking. The plain, dry, hard, and even, admitted of their marching on in the same order they were drawn up, without filing off in columns, so that they were soon upon the ground where the advanced division were halting, when the cavalry wheeled from the right and-left, and formed the third line of the main battle, and the five companies of Sepoys took their place again on the right of the first line: but the two field-pièces, ftill attended by Captain Barker, with the two detached companies of Sepoys, kept apart at some distance in front, bat to the left of the firit line.
• In this array the army stood in full view of the French camp, in which no motions were perceived; but no firing was heard against the fort of Vandivah. Colonel Coote having waited half an hour to see the effect of his appearance, rode forward with some officers to reconnoitre the enemy's camp, who suffered them to approach near, without cannonading or sending out a party of cavalry to interrupt them.
• The day began to wear, and Colonel Coote, as soon as he returned to the troops, ordered the whole to file off to the right; the infantry marched in two lines at the same parallels they had drawn up; the baggage formed a third column on the right, and the caRav. Jan, 1779 E
valry, followed in the rear of all the three. They proceeded towards the south side of the mountain, but inclining a little towards the French camp. As soon as the firit files of the infantry came to the ftony ground which extends from the foot of the mountain, on which the enemy's cavalry could not act, the whole halted, and the two lines of infantry facing to the right, presented themselves again in, order of batile, opposite to the French camp, at the distance of a mile and a half, but out-stretching it on the right; the baggage falling back at the same time, gave place to the cavalry to resume their fore mer llation as the third line. The Morattoes were spread at the foot of the mountain to protect their own camp, and none of them ventured within reach of the two guns, which during the march had kept on the left of the first line ; but some of the French cavalry came out to reconnoitre, and were driven back by their fire. The army halted fome time in this fituation, in expectation that the defiance would bring the French out of their camp; but they fill remained quiet ;. which obliged Colonel Coote to prosecute the rest of the operations he had meditated.
• The ground for some distance from the foot of the mountain, is, as under all others in the Carnatic, encumbered with stones and frage ments of rock. From this rugged ground up to the fort the plain was occupied by rice fields. The English army coasting the mountain until opposite in the fort, and then making a conversion of their lines to the right, would immediately be formed in the strongest of fituations; their right protected by the fire of the fort; their left by the impaffable ground under the mountain, and with the certainty of throwing any number of troops, without opposition, into the fort; who, fallying with the garrison to the other side, might easily drive the enemy from their batteries in the pettah ; from whence the whole of the English army might likewise advance against the French camp, with the choice of attacking it either on the flank, or in the rear, where the main defences, which had been prepared in the front of their encampment, or arose from the usual dispositions on this fide, would become entirely useless.
• The Englih army had no sooner began their march along the foot of the mountain, than Mr. Lally perceived the intention, with all the consequences of this able operation. The camp immediately beat to arms, and soon after the troops were seen issuing to occupy the ground in front of its line, where the field of battle had been previously marked out.
• The French cavalry, 300 riders, all Europeans, formed on the right; next to them were the regiment of Lorrain, 400 firelocks : in the centre, the battalion of India, 700; next to them Lally's, 400, whose left were under the retrenched tank, in which were pofted the marines or troops from the squadron, with Poete's from Ganjam, in all 300, with four field-pieces. Between the retrenchment and Lally's were three, the same number between Lally's and India, India and Lorrain, Lorrain and the cavalry; in all 16 pieces. Four hundred of the Sepoys of Hyder Jung, whom Mr. Busiy had brought from Cudapah, were posted at the tank in the rear of the retrenched tank where the ma were, whom they were to support on occasion : goo Sepoys were ranged behind a ridge which ran along the front of
the camp; and at each extremity of this ridge was a retrenchment guarded by 50 Europeans, which covered the entrances into the camp. The whole force drawn out, infantry, cavalry, and artillery, was 2250 Europeans, and 1300 Sepoys: 150 Europeans and 300 Se. poys continued at the batteries against Vandivalh; but none of the Morattoes, although 3000, left the ground and protection of their own camp to aslift their allies in this decisive hour.
The fight of the French army issuing into the open plain gave Colonel Coote all he intended by the preceding operations of the day. He instantly halced his lines, which had advanced some way along the foot of the mountain. Facing as soon as they halted, the two first lines were in order of battle, opposite buc obliquely to the enemy. The baggage were sent back under the escort of two companies of Sepoys, to a village in the rear, and the cavalry as before took their place in the third line.
• The English army confifted of 1900 Europeans, of whom 80 were cavalry, 2100 Sepoys, 1250 black horse, and 26 field-pieces. In the first line were Coore's regiment on the right, the Company's two battalions in the centre. Draper's on the left; but all without their grenadiers; and 1800 Sepoys were equally divided on the right and left of the Europeans in this line; in the intervals of which were 10 pieces of cannon, three on each side of the Company's battalions, and two between Coote's and Draper's and the Sepoys. In the second line were all the grenadiers of the army, 309, with a field piece next, and beyond 200 Sepoys on each of their flanks: the cavalry formed the third line; the 80 Europeans, as before, in the centre of the black horse; the two field-pieces with the two companies of Sepoys of the morning still continued apart, advanced as before a little on the left of the first line.
As the English army were marching up, and before they were within cannon shot, Mr. Lally, putting himself at the head of the European cavalry on the right, set off with them, and taking a large Sweep on the plain, came down, intending to fall upon the horse of the English army, which made their third line. The black horse; who were oine-tenths of this body, pretended to wheel, in order to meet the enemy's, but purposely confused themselves so much, that some went off immediately, which gave a pretext to the rest to follow them, and the 80 Europeans were left alone, who faced and drew up properly to receive the charge, relying on better allistance. As soon as the intention of Mr. Lally was understood, the division of Sepoys on the left of the first line were ordered to fall back in an angle from the front, ready to take the enemy's cavalry in flank as they were approaching, but performed the evolution with fo little firmness, that little hope was entertained of any execution from their fite; but Capo tain Barker with the 2 guns of the separate detachment, had watched, and directing his own by the movement of the enemy, was within point blank of them just before they were opposite and riding in on the Aank and rear of the horse, where only the European were ready to oppose them, for all the black were gone. In less than a minute the quick firing of the two guns brought down ten or 15 men or horses, which, as usual, threw the next to them, and they the whole, into confusion; and the horses growing every moment wilder, all
turned and went off on the full gallop, leaving Mr. Lally, as he afferts, singly alone. If so, he could not have staid long where he was, for the European horse, on seeing the enemy's check, were advancing ; and many of the black, encouraged by the security, were returning, and the whole foon after set off after the enemy, whom they pursned in a long course quite to the rear of their camp:
• The English army halted ten minutes in attention to this attack,' during which the French line cannonaded, but beyond the proper distance even for ball, and nevertheless often fired grape, and neither with any effect. The English did not begin to answer until nearer, and then perceiving their own fire much better directed, halced in order to preserve this advantage, as long as the enemy permitted it to continue, by not advancing from the front of their camp: Mr. Lally retiring from the English cavalry, and deserted by his own, rejoined his line of infantry, which he found suffering, and with much impatience, from the English cannonade: his own impetuofity concurred with their eagerness to be led to immediate. decifion, and he gave the order to advance. The English line was not directly opposite to the frońt of the French, but Nanting outwards from their left, which required the French troops on this side to advance much less than those of their right, who had more ground to wheel, in order to bring the whole line parallel to that of the English.
• Colonel Coote seeing the enemy coming on gave the final orders to his own. None but the Europeans of the first and second lines were to advance any farther. The Sepoys on the wings of both, and the cavalry in the third line, were to continue where they were left, and to take no share in the battle, until they should hereafter receive orders how to a&t.
• The enemy began the fire of musketry at one o'clock, but Co. lonel Coote intended to refrain until nearer ; nevertheless the company of Coffrees, which was inserted in one of the Company's battalions, gave their fire without the order of their officers, and it was with difficulty that the irregularity was prevented from extending, Colonel Coole was at this time palling from the right to the left to join' his own regiment, and received two or three sot in his cloaths from the fire of the Coffrees. As foon as he arrived at his regi. ment they began, and the fire became general through the whole line,
• Coote's had only fired twice, when Lorrain formed in a column twelve in front: the operation is simple and was expeditious. Colonel Coore made no change in the disposition of his regiment, but ordered the whole to preserve their next fire; which Lorrain coming on almost at a run, received at the distance of 50 yards in their front and on both their flanks; it fell heavy, and brought down many, but did not stop the column. In an instant the two regiments were mingled at the push of bayonet; those of Coote's oppofile the front of the column were immediately born down, but the seft, far the greatest part, fell on the flanks, when every man fought only for himself, and in a minute the ground was spread with dead and wounded, and Lorrain having just before suffered from the se. ferved fire of Coote's, broke, and ran in disorder to regain the camp. Colonel Cocte ordered his regiment to be restored to order