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he paid a viật on foot with his friend Sprat to a gentleman in the neighbourhood of Chertsey, which they prolonged and feasted too much, till midnight. On their return home they mistook their way, and were obliged to pass the whole night exposed under a hedge, where Cowley caught a fevere cold, attended with a fever, that terminated in his death.
The verses on Silence are a fen Gible imitation of the Earl of Rochester's on No
OTWAY had an intimate friend who was murdered in the street. One may guess at his forrow, who has so feel. ingly described true affe&tion in his Venice Preserved. He pursued the murderer on foot who fled to France, as far as Dover, where he was seized with a fever, occasioned by the fatigue, which afterwards carried him to his grave in London.
Sir John SUCKLING was robbed by his Valet-deChambre;
the moment he discovered it, he clapped on his boots in a pallionate hurry, and perceived not a large rusty nail that was concealed at the bottom which pierced his heel, and brought on a mortification.
Les had been some time confined for lunacy, to a very low diet, but one night he escaped from his physician, and drank fo immoderately, that he fell down in the Strand, was run over by a hackney-coach, and killed on the spot. These three facts are from Mr. Spence: though OTWAY's death has been differeatly related.
thing; which piece, together with his Satirc on Man from the fourth of Boileau, and the tenth Satire of Horace, are the only pieces of this profligate nobleman, which modesty or common sense will allow any man to read. Rochester had much energy in his thoughts and diction, and though the ancient satirists often use great liberty in their expressions ; yet, as the ingenious historian * observes, their freedom no more resembles the licence of Rochester, than the nakedness of an Indian does that of a common prostitute.”
POPE in this imitation has discovered a fund of solid sense, and just observation upon vice and folly, that are very remark able in a perfor-lo extremely young as be was, at the time he composed it. I believe on a fair comparison with Rochetter's lines, it will be found that althoygh the turn of the fatire be copied, yet it is excelled. That Rochester Thould write a satire on
• Hope's Hiftory of Grear-Britain.:: Vol. I. pag. 434
Man, I am not surprized; it is the bufiness of the Libertine to degrade his fpecies, and debase the dignity of human naturc, and thereby destroy the most efficacious incitements to lovely and laudable actions : but that a writer of Boileau's pu. sity of manners, should represent his kind in the dark and disagreeable colours he has done, with all the malignity of a discontented HOBBIST, is a lamentable perversion of finc talents, and is a real injury to fociety. It is a fact worthy the attention of those who study the history of learning, that the gross liccagiousness and applauded debauchery of Charles the Second's court, proved almost as pernicious to the progress of polite literature and the fine arts that began to revive after the Grand Rebellion, as the gloomy superstition, the absurd cant, and formal hypocrisy that disgraced this
ation, during the usurpation of Cromwell *.
ARTEMIGIA • Lord Bolingbroke aled to relate, that his Great Grandfather Ireton, and Fieetwood, being pas day engaged is a private drinking party with Cromwell, and wanting VOL. II.
ARTEMISIA and PHRYNE are two characters in the manner of the Earl of Dorset, an elegant writer, and amiable man, equally noted for the severity of his satire, and the sweetness of his manners, and who gave the fairest proof that these two qualities are by no means incompatible. The greatest wits, says Addison, I have ever conversed with, were persons of the best tempers. Dorset poffefsed the rare secret of uniting chergy with ease, in his striking compoñtions. . His verses to Mr. Edward Howard, to. Sir Thomas St. Serfe, his epi. logue to the Tartuffe, his song written at Sea in the forft Dutch was, his ballad on knotting, and on Lewis XIV. may be Damed as :examples of this happy talent, and as confutations of a sentiment of the
to uncork a bottle, they could not find their bottle-Tcrew,
* Tell them, says Cromwell, with a countenance instantly como posed, that I am retired, that I cannot be difturbed, for ! am feeking the Lord," and turning afterwards to his com. panions, be added, “These scoundrels think we are feeling The Lord, and we are only looking for our bottle-ferrw.".
judicious M. de Montesquieu, who in his noble chapter on the English Constitution, Book 19, speaks thus of our writers. “As society and the mixing in company, gives to men a quicker sense of ridicule, so retirement more disposes men to reflect on the heinousness of vice; the fatirical writa ings therefore of such a nation are sharp and fevere, and we shall find
them many Juvenals, without discovering one Horace.
THE DESCRIPTION of the Life of a Country Parfon is a lively imitation of Swift*, and is full of humour. The point of the likeness consists in describing the.
• See a Pipe of Tobacco, p. 281, vol. 2. Dodfley's Miscell, where Mr. Hawkins Brows has imitated, from a hint of Dr. John Hoadly, fix later English poets with succels, viz. Swift, Pope, Thomson, Young, Phillips, Cibber. Some of these writers thinking themselves burlesqued, are said to have been mortified. Bur Pope observed on the occasion, “ Brown is an excellent copyist, and those who take his imitations amiss, are much in the wrong; they are very trongly mannered, and few perhaps could write so well if they were not 10."---In. Popis imitation of the fins la spitle of Horace, there were two remarkable lines,