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he paid a visit on foot with his friend Sprat to a gentleman in the neighbourhood of Chertsey, which they prolonged and feasted too much, till midnight. On their return home they mistook their way, obliged to pass the whole night exposed under a hedge, where Cowley caught a severe cold, attended with a fever, that terminated in his death.
THE verses on Silence are a fenGble imitation of the Earl of Rochester's on No
OTWAY had an intimate friend who was murdered in the street. One may guess at his forrow, who has so fcel. ingly described true affe&ion in his Venice Preserved. He pursued the murderer on foot who fled to France, as far as Dover, where he was seized with a fever, occasioned by the fatigue, which afterwards carried him to his
Sir John SUCKLING was robbed by his Valet-deChambre; the moment he discovered it, he clapped on his boots in a pallionate hurry, and perceived not a large rusty nail that was concealed at the bottom which pierced his heel, and brought on a mortification.
Los bad been some time confined for lunacy, to a very low diet, but one night be escaped from his phyfician, and drank so immoderately, that he fell down in the Strand, was run over by a backney-coach, and killed on the spot. These three facts are from Mr. Spence: though Otwar's death has been differeatly related.
thing; which piece, together with his Satirc on Man from the fourth of Boileau, and the tenth Satire of Horace, are the only pieces of this profligate nobleman, which modesty or common sense will allow any man to read. Rochester had much energy in his thoughts and diction, and though the ancient satirists often use great liberty in their expressions ; yet, as the ingenious historian * observes, “ their freedom no more resembles the licence of Rochester, than the nakedness of an Indian does that of a common prostitute."
Pope in this imitation has discovered a fund of folid sense, and just observation upon vice and folly, that are very remarka, able in a person so extremely young as he was, at the time he composed it. I believe on a fair comparison with Rogheater's lines, it will be found that although the turn of the fatire be copied, yet it is excelled. That Rochester should write a satire on
• Hame's Hiftory of Great Britain.: Vol. II. pag. 434
Man, I am not surprized; it is the bufiness of the Libertine to degrade his specics, and debase the dignity of human nature, and thereby destroy the most efficacious incitements to lovely and laudable actions : but that a writer of Boileau's
pusity of manners, thould represent his kind in the dark and disagreeable colours he has done, with all the malignity of a disconteated HOBBIST, is a lamentable perversion of finc talents, and is a real injury to society. It is a fact worthy the attention of those who study the history of learning, that the gross licenciousness and applauded debauchery of Charles the Second's court, proved almost as pernicious to the progress of polite literature and the fine arts that began to revive after the Grand Rebellion, as the gloomy superstition, the absurd cant, and formal hypocrisy that disgraced this nation, during the usurpation of Cromwell *
• Lord Boling broke aled to relate, that his Great Grandfather Ireton, and Fleetwood, being one day engaged is a private drinking party with Cromwell, and wanting VOL. II.
ARTEMISIA and PHRYNE are two cha. racters in the manner of the Earl of Dorset, an elegant writer, and amiable man, equally noted for the severity of his satire, and the sweetness of his manoers, and who gave the fairest proof that these two qualities are by no means incompatible. The greatest, wits, says Addison, I have evet conversed with, were persons of the best tempers. Dorset poffefsed the rare secret of uniting energy with ease, in his striking compofțions. His verses to Mr. Edward Howard, to. Sir Thomas St. Serfe, his epi. logue to the Tartuffe, his song written at sea in the first Dutch war, his ballad on knotting, and on Lewis XIV. may be Damed as:examples of this happy talent, and as confutations of a sentiment of the
to oncork a bottle, they coulg not find their bottle-screw, which was fallen under the cabla - of at chat inftant, in officer entered to inform the prote&or, that deputation
a from the presbyterian ministers attended without. * Tell them, says Cromwell, with a countenance inftantly composed, that I ain retired, that I cannot be difturbed, for I am seeking tbe Lord," and turning afterwards to his companions, he added, “These scoundrels think we are fuking ir be Lord, and we are only looking for our bottl-ferow.".
judicious M. de Montesquieu, who in his noble chapter on the English Constitution, Book 19, speaks thus of our writers. “ As society and the mixing in company, gives to men a quicker sense of ridicule, so retirement more disposes men to reflect on the heinousness of vice; the satirical writings therefore of sach a nation are Charp and severe, and we shall find
them many Juvenals, without discovering one Horace.
THE DESCRIPTION of the Life of a Country Parfon is a lively imitation of Swift *, and is full of humour. The point of the likeness consists in describing the
• See a Pipe of Tobacco, p. 282, vol. 2. Dodsley's Miscell. where Mr. Hawkins Brown has imitated, from a hint of Dr. John Hoadly, fix later English poets with success, viz. Swift, Pope, Thomson, Young, Phillips, Cibber. Some of these writers thinking themselves burlesqued, are said to have been mortified. But Pope observed on the occasion, “ Brown is an excellent copyist, and those who take his imitations amiss, are much in the wrong; they are very drongly mannered, and few perhaps could write fo well if they were not 16." -In Porih imitation of the pela epifle of Horace, there were two remarkable lines,