Pagina-afbeeldingen
PDF

*

[This ‘Introduction' (the last paragraph A spirit, force, and grandeur, all their excepted) was originally prefixed to a pam

own'!!

EDITOR [i.e. S. T. C.] phlet of sixteen pages printed and privately circulated by Coleridge in 1796. The only [There are twenty-eight sonnets in the copy known to be extant is in the Dyce Collec- collection. It includes three of Bowles's, tion at South Kensington. It is bound up not in any edition since the first quarto with a copy of Bowles's Sonnets and other pamphlet of the Sonnets’ (MS. note by Poems (Bath 1796). The volume had S. T. C.), and of Coleridge's own combelonged to John Thelwall, both its parts position, the following :- To the River having been presented to him by Cole- Otter; On a Discovery made too late ; ridge in December 1796, as appears by 'Sweet Mercy! how my very heart has a letter (recently in the collection of bled'; and To the Author of 'The Robbers.' the late Mr. F. W. Cosens), in which Some further interesting particulars reColeridge describes the pamphlet as a garding this volume which contains the sheet of Sonnets collected by me for the privately printed pamphlet will be found in use of a few friends, who payed the print- Coleridge's P. and D. Works, 1880, ii. ing. There you will see my opinion of 375 et seq.—ED.] Sonnets.' In reprinting the ‘Introduction,'

V Coleridge omitted the opening and the closing paragraphs, which ran as follows :

[Half-title, on outer leaf] FEARS IN SOLI'I have selected the following SONNETS

TUDE, written in 1798, during the alarm from various Authors for the purpose of

of an invasion. To which are added, binding them up with the Sonnets of the FRANCE, an Ode; and FROST AT Rev. W. L. BOWLES.'

MIDNIGHT. Price One Shilling and

Sixpence. [After 'resembling Poetry':-] Miss [Title] FEARS IN SOLITUDE, written in Seward, who has, perhaps, succeeded

1798, during the alarm of an invasion. the best in these laborious trifles, and who

To which are added, FRANCE, an Ode; most dogmatically insists on what she calls and FROST AT MIDNIGHT. By S. T. the sonnet claim,' has written a very

Coleridge. LONDON : Printed for J. ingenious altho' unintentional burlesque on

Johnson, in St. Paul's Church - yard. her own system in the following lines pre

1798. fixed to the Poems of a Mr. Carey?-_

Quarto, pp. 23.

[No PREFACE. 'Fears in Solitude' is Praised be the Poet, who the Sonnet claim, dated at the end, Nether Stowey, April Severest of the orders that belong

20th, 1798.' Each of the other poems is Distinct and separate to the Delphic song, dated at the end-February 1798.'-ED.] Shall reverence, nor its appropriate name Lawless assume : peculiar is its frame

VI From him derived, who spurn'd the City. [Half-title] Translated from a manuscript throng,

copy attested by the author. THE Lonely Vauclusa ! and that heir of Fame

PICCOLOMINI, or the First Part of Our greater Milton, hath in many a lay WALLENSTEIN. Printed by G. WoodWoven on this arduous model, clearly shewn fall, Paternoster-Row. That English verse may happily display [Title-page] THE PICCOLOMINI, or the Those strict energic measures which alone

First Part of WALLENSTEIN, a Drama Deserve the name of Sonnet, and convey in five acts. Translated from the A spirit, force, and grandeur, all their own!

German of Frederich Schiller by S. T. * ANNE SEWARD.' Coleridge. LONDON : Printed for T.

N. Longman and O. Rees, Paternoster1 Though Coleridge misspells the name, this

Row. 1800. was no doubt Miss Seward's youthful protégé, and his own friend of later years, H. F. Cary, Octavo, pp. iv. ; 214. At the end of the whose translation of Dante he rescued from

volume, a leaf of advertisements, comprising oblivion, and made an English classic.-Ed.

the following :

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

'In the Press, and speedily will be pub- in the volumes of 1796 and 1797-withlished, from the German of Schiller, The out any addition, but with the following Death of Wallenstein ; also, Wallenstein's omissions : Camp, a Prelude of One Act to the two

To the Rev. W. J. H. (1796). former Dramas; with an Essay on the

Sonnet to Kosciusko (1796). Genius of Schiller. By S. T. Coleridge.'

Written after a Walk (1796). [See Preface of the Translator to The From a Young Lady['The Silver Thimble'] Death of Wallenstein.']

(1796).

On the Christening of a Friend's Child THE DEATH OF WALLENSTEIN. A

(1797). Tragedy in five acts. Translated from

Introductory Sonnet to Lloyd's ‘Poems on the German of Frederich Schiller by S.

the Death of Priscilla Farmer' (1797). T. Coleridge. LONDON : Printed for ! T. N. Longman and O. Rees, Pater

The half-title prefixed to the 'Sonnets' noster-Row, By G. Woodfall, No. 22

in 1797 was omitted. Charles Lamb saw Paternoster-Row. 1800.

this volume through the press, Coleridge

being at the time resident at Greta Hall, [With this volume was issued the follow

Keswick. (See Ainger's Letters of C. Lamb, ing as general title-page] :

i. 199.) WALLENSTEIN. A Drama in Two Parts. Translated from the German of Frederich

VIII Schiller by S. T. Coleridge. LONDON : REMORSE, A Tragedy in five Acts. By S. Printed for T. N. Longman and O. Rees,

T. Coleridge. Paternoster-Row, By G. Woodfall, No.

Remorse is as the heart, in which it grows : 22 Paternoster-Row. 1800.

If that be gentle, it drops balmy dews Octavo, Titles; two unpaged leaves ;

Of true repentance; but if proud and gloomy, and pp. 157: also, an engraved portrait of

It is a poison-tree, that pierced to the inmost Wallenstein.

Weeps only tears of poison !

ACT 1. SCENE I. PREFACES

LONDON: Printed for W. Pople, 67 [These will be found with the Plays, in the text. They were reprinted verbatim in 1828

Chancery Lane. 1813. Price Three and 1829 : in 1834 some trivial alterations

Shillings. were made, probably by H. N. Coleridge.] Octavo, pp. xii.; 72.

VII

PREFACE POEMS, by S. T. Coleridge. [Motto from

[Motto from This Tragedy I was written in the summer Statius as in 1796.] Third Edition.

and autumn of the year 1797 ; at Nether LONDON : Printed by N. Biggs, Crane

Stowey, in the county of Somerset. By Court, Fleet Street, for T. N. Longman

whose recommendation, and of the manner and O. Rees, Paternoster-Row. 1803. in which both the Play and the Author were Duodecimo, pp. xi. ; 202.

treated by the Recommender, let me be [The ‘Preface' is composed of the two pre- permitted to relate : that I knew of its fixed to the volume of 1797—with these having been received only by a third person; omissions, both being from the ‘Preface to

that I could procure neither answer 2 nor the Second Edition' :-The first two sen

1 That is, Osorio, of which Remorse is a retences ("I return' to 'not faults of care

See full text of Osorio in ‘APPENDIX D.' lessness'); and the last paragraph (• There 2 As regards the answer at least, Coleridge's were inserted,' etc., to the end). Of course, memory failed him. He received it after a delay the · Advertisement' to the “Supplement' of but six weeks. It was to the effect that the of 1797 was not reprinted in 1803. ] tragedy was rejected on account of the obscurity

In this volume were collected the poems of the three last acts. As regards the MS. see (of Coleridge, only) which had been printed ! 'Note 230.

a

cast.

the manuscript; and that but for an acci- in the year 1802 ; likewise that the same dent I should have had no copy of the person asserted (as I have been assured) Work itself. That such treatment would that the Play was rejected, because I would damp a young man's exertions may be not submit to the alteration of one ludicrous easily conceived : there was no need of line ; and finally in the year 1806 amused after-misrepresentation and calumny, as an and delighted (as who was ever in his comadditional sedative.

pany, if I may trust the universal report, 1[As an amusing anecdote, and in the without being amused and delighted ?) a wish to prepare future Authors, as young large company at the house of a highly as I then was and as ignorant of the world, respectable Member of Parliament, with of the treatment they may meet with, I will the ridicule of the Tragedy, as 'a fair add, that the Person 2 who by a twice con- specimen' of the whole of which he adduced veyed recommendation (in the year 1797) a line : had urged me to write a Tragedy: who on my own objection that I was utterly ignor- ‘Drip! drip! drip! there's nothing here but ant of all Stage-tactics had promised that

dripping: he would himself make the necessary altera

In the original copy of the Play, in the tions, if the Piece should be at all repre- first Scene of the fourth Act, Isidore had sentable; who together with the copy of

commenced his Soliloquy in the Cavern the Play (hastened by his means so as to

with the words : prevent the full developement 3 of the characters) received a letter from the Author 'Drip! drip! a ceaseless sound of water-drops,'1 to this purport, that conscious of his inexperience, he had cherished no expectations,

as far as I can at present recollect: for on and should therefore feel no disappointment pointed out to me, I instantly and thank

the possible ludicrous association being from the rejection of the Play; but that if | fully struck out the line. And as to my beyond his hopes Mr. found in it any capability of being adapted to the Stage, it

obstinate tenacity, not only my old ac

quaintance, but (I dare boldly aver) both was delivered to him as if it had been his

the Managers of Drury Lane Theatre, and own Manuscript, to add, omit, or alter, as

every Actor and Actress, whom I have he saw occasion; and that (if it were rejected) the Author would deem himself recently met in the Green Room, will repel amply remunerated by the addition to his

prise.] Experience, which he should receive, if Mr. would point out to him the nature of stances;2 but I turn gladly and with sincere

I thought it right to record these circumits unfitness for public Representation';

gratitude to the converse. In the close of that this very Person returned me no

last year I was advised to present the answer, and, spite of repeated applications,

Tragedy once more to the Theatre. Accordretained my Manuscript when I was not

ingly having altered the names, I ventured conscious of any other Copy being in existence (my duplicate having been destroyed questing information as to whom I was

to address a letter to Mr. Whitbread, reby an accident); that he suffered this Manuscript to wander about the Town from

to present my Tragedy. My Letter was his house, so that but ten days ago I saw

instantly and most kindly answered, and I

have now nothing to tell but a Tale of Thanks. the song in the third Act printed and set to music, without my name, by Mr. Carnaby,

I should scarce know where to begin, if the 1 The long passage here placed within square i Coleridge's memory is again at fault here: brackets [ ] appeared in the first edition only. for the fourth act of the play in its original shape

2 Richard Brinsley Sheridan. See Sonnet to opened with the following lines :Sheridan, p. 42. 3 I need not say to Authors, that as to the

'Drip! drip! drip! drip !-in such a place as this essentials of a Poem, little can be superinduced

It has nothing else to do but drip ! drip! drip!

I wish it had not dripp'd upon my torch.'-ED). without dissonance, after the first warmth of conception and composition. [Note by S, T, C.1 ? This circumstance.' Second edition.-ED, goodness of the Manager, Mr. ARNOLD, gave it beauties and striking points, which had not called for my first acknowledge- not only delighted but surprized me; and ments. Not merely as an acting Play, to Mr. RAE, to whose zeal, and unwearied but as a dramatic Poem, the REMORSE has study of his part I am not less indebted as been importantly and manifoldly benefited a Man, than to his impassioned realization by his suggestions. I can with severest of ORDONIO, as an Author ;-to these, truth say, that every hint he gave me was and to all concerned with the bringing out the ground of some improvement. In the of the Play, I can address but one wordnext place it is my duty to mention Mr. THANKS !--but that word is uttered sinRAYMOND, the Stage Manager. Had cerely ! and to persons constantly before the • REMORSE' been his own Play-nay, the eye of the Public, a public acknowthat is saying too little -- had I been his ledgement becomes appropriate, and a duty. brother, or his dearest friend, he could I defer all answers to the different critinot have felt or exerted himself more cisms on the Piece to an Essay, which I zealously.

am about to publish immediately, on 1 As the Piece is now acting, it may be Dramatic Poetry, relatively to the present thought presumptuous in me to speak of State of the Metropolitan Theatres. the Actors : yet how can I abstain, feeling, From the necessity of hastening the as I do, Mrs. GLOVER's powerful assist- Publication I was obliged to send the ance, and knowing the circumstances 2 Manuscript intended for the Stage : which under which she consented to act Alhadra ? | is the sole cause of the number of directions A time will come, when without painfully printed in Italics. oppressing her feelings, I may speak of

S. T. COLERIDGE. this more fully. To Miss Smith I have an equal, though different acknowledgement to make, namely, for her acceptance of a character not fully developed, and quite

PROLOGUE inadequate to her extraordinary powers.

BY C. LAMB She enlivened and supported many passages, which (though not perhaps wholly

Spoken by Mr. CARR uninteresting in the closet) would but for her have hung heavy on the ears of a | THERE are, I am told, who sharply Theatrical Audience. And in speaking

criticise the Epilogue, a composition which (I fear) | Our modern theatres' unwieldy size. my hurry will hardly excuse, and which, as We players shall scarce plead guilty to unworthy of her name, is here omitted, she

that charge, made a sacrifice, which only her established Who think a house can never be too character with all judges of Tragic action,

large : could have rendered compatible with her Griev'd when a rant, that's worth a nation's duty to herself. To Mr. DE CAMP'S

ear, judgement and full conception of Isidore ; Shakes some prescrib'd Lyceum's petty to Mr. POPE's accurate representation of

sphere ; the partial, yet honourable Father; to Mr. And pleased to mark the grin from space ELLISTON's energy in the character of

to space ALVAR, and who in more than one instance Spread epidemic o'er a town's broad face.

O might old Betterton or Booth return 1 The caste was as follows :-Marquis Valdez,

To view our structures from their silent Mr. Pope ; Don Alvar, Mr. Elliston ; Don

urn,

Ιο Ordonio, Mr. Rae; Monviedro, Mr. Powell;

Could Quin come stalking from Elysian Zulimes, Mr. Crooke ; Isidore, Mr. De Camp; Naomi, Mr. Wallack; Donna Teresa, Miss

glades, Smith ; Alhadra, Mrs. Glover.-Ed.

Or Garrick get a day-rule from the shades-2 Mrs. Glover had just lost her eldest child, and two of her younger children were danger- 1 This never appeared-probably was never ously ill.-ED,

written.-ED.

20

Where now, perhaps, in mirth which Spirits 'Tis for himself alone that he must fear. approve,

Yet shall remembrance cherish the just He imitates the ways of men above,

pride,

50 And apes the actions of our upper coast, That (be the laurel granted or denied) As in his days of flesh he play'd the He first essay'd in this distinguish'd fane, ghost :

Severer muses and a tragic strain. How might they bless our ampler scope to please,

EPILOGUE And hate their own old shrunk up audi

Written by the Author, and spoken by Miss ences.

Smith in the character of TERESA. Their houses yet were palaces to those, Which Ben and Fletcher for their triumphs [As printed in The Morning Chronicle, Jan chose.

28, 1813.) Shakspeare, who wish'd a kingdom for a OH! the procrastinating idle rogue, stage,

The Poet has just sent his Epilogue ; Like giant pent in disproportion'd cage, Ay, 'tis just like him and the hand! Mourn'd his contracted strengths and

[Poring over the manuscript. crippled rage.

The stick ! He who could tame his vast ambition I could as soon decipher Arabic ! down

But, hark! my wizard's own poetic elf To please some scatter'd gleanings of a Bids me take courage, and make one town,

myself! And, if some hundred auditors supplied An heiress, and with sighing swains in Their meagre meed of claps, was satisfied,

plenty How had he felt, when that dread curse of From blooming nineteen to full-blown fiveLear's

and-twenty, Had burst tremendous on a thousand ears, Life beating high, and youth upon the While deep-struck wonder from applauding

wing,

9 bands

30

*A six years' absence was a heavy thing! Return'd the tribute of as many hands ! Heavy !-nay, let's describe things as they Rude were his guests ; he never made his

are, bow

With sense and nature 'twas at open warTo such an audience as salutes us now. Mere affectation to be singular. He lack'd the balm of labor, female praise. Yet ere you overflow in condemnation, Few Ladies in his time frequented plays, Think first of poor Teresa's education ; Or came to see a youth with aukward art 'Mid mountains wild, near billow - beatens And shrill sharp pipe burlesque the woman's

rocks, part.

Where sea-gales play'd with her dishevel'd The very use, since so essential grown,

locks, Of painted scenes, was to his stage un- Bred in the spot where first to light she known.

sprung, The air-blest castle, round whose whole- With no Academies for ladies youngsome crest,

40 Academies-- (sweet phrase !) that well may The martlet, guest of summer, chose her

claim nest

From Plato's sacred grove th' appropriate The forest walks of Arden's fair domain,

name! Where Jaques fed his solitary vein

No morning visits, no sweet waltzing No pencil's aid as yet had dared supply,

dances Seen only by the intellectual eye.

And then for reading - what but huge: Those scenic helps, denied to Shakspeare's

romances, page,

With as stiff morals, leaving earth behind Our Author owes to a more liberal age.

'em, Nor pomp nor circumstance are wanting As the brass-clasp'd, brass-corner'd boards here;

that bind 'em.

200

« VorigeDoorgaan »