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of his age,
deserved to be happy; yet, if a book mer fortune, he was unable to obtain were compiled froin the calamities of it. Thus, between jealousies, and the painters, as has been done in the his- narrowness of his domestic circumtory of men of literature, no one would stances, he daily pined away, till at excite our compassion more than he. last, struck by contagion, and abanThe poverty of Coreggio was rather doned both by his wife, and others, he exaggerated than true; the misery of died in 1530, in the 42d
year Dominichino knew its bounds; the and was buried with the most obscure Caracci
, though poorly paid, lived be obsequies. yond scarcity; but Andrea, from the The artists who came nearest to ill-fated day on which he married a Andrea in their style of painting, were certain woman named Lucrezia del Marc Antonio Francia Bigi, called Fede, remained in grief to his last Baldinucci, or Franciabigio, and Ponsigh. Vasari, in his first edition, says, tormo. The first was scholar, for that, for having married this woman some months, of Albertinelli, and afhe was despised by his friends, aná terwards, it appears, formed himself abandoned by his employers ; so much upon the best models of the school; was he the slave of her will, that he nor, according to Vasari, were there was obliged to leave off succouring his many equal to him in the anatoown father and mother; and that, on ac- my, in perspective, in the daily excount of her arrogance and ungovern- ercise of drawing from the naked, or able temper, no scholar of Andrea's in his exquisite diligence in every lacould remain with him for any time. bour. There was already, by him, in In the second edition, Vasari has either the church of St Pier Maggiore, an epented of what he had told, or been Annunciation, the figures small, and opeased; for he is comparatively sic of the highest finish, the architecture nt in such reproaches, though he beautiful, yet the picture was not es not deny that she was to her hus- wholly free from the old dryness. nd the source of perpetual sorrow. Andrea, with whom he had contract
relates, in addition, that Andrea ed a friendship, and formed a compas called to the Court of Francis the nionship in study, raised him to a st of France, where, approved and higher style. Francia, (as he is callsioned, he might have raised the ed by Vasari,) from an associate be- of every artist, had he not, in- came an ardent imitator; and, if not d by the womanly lamentations inferior in talent, yet he never could ucrezia, returned to Florence; add dispositions so sweet, effects so breaking the faith which he had true, or so much native grace to his ed by oath to the king, he un- figures. There is in the cloisters of - preferred remaining in his own the Annunziata, a Lunette picture of ‘y. Repenting of this rash step, the Marriage of the Virgin, close by esirous to re-enter into his for- the works of Andrea; and we there
zs large as life. On more minute inquiry, he found its merits were quite un. o the fraternity, and before his departure concluded a bargain for its purchase,
not exceeding L.25 English money. Not anticipating any further difficulty, e no hurry to remove his treasure from its old abode, but prosecuted his tour Rome, and then returned to Florence, from whence he issued the necessary dior its removal to Leghorn for embarkation. In the meantime, however, he so unguarded as to mention the circumstance to some of his acquaintance, and
the ears of a person employed as a Commissioner, by the Grand Duke, in and preserving the capi d'opera of the art. Application was immediately overnment, and two peremptory orders obtained, one of which was despatch. onvent, to prohibit the sale of the picture, in the event of its being still there, er to Leghorn, to forbid its being shipped, and to authorize its seizure, in f whomsoever it might be. It was apprehended in the act of commencing its he ocean, that “ highway broad and free,” which would so soon have carried h to England. It was shortly afterwards brought to Florence, where, clean. ished, and set in a magnificent frame, it now graces an apartment of the -, and is looked upon as one of the chief jewels of that unrivalled collection. try it would have been worth two thousand guineas ! We mention the anwarning to others. Vir supit qui pauca loquitur, says Ruddiman.
perceive in what manner one painter His style may be said to have been strove to arrive, by effort, at the same somewhat estranged from the natural, degree of excellence which another had and he too easily became dissatisfied attained by his genius. This work is with one manner in order to attempt not yet completed, because, having what he conceived as a better, though been examined by the monks before frequently with an unfortunate result
. due tim”, the painter felt so vexed, So it happened likewise to Napi, the that he gave it several blows with his Milanese, and to Sacchi, the Roman, hammer, in order to destroy it, and and indeed to every one else, who, at could never be again prevailed upon too mature an age, has attempted to to give it the last
finish, nor did any change his taste. The Certosa of Floone else dare to do so. In the paint- rence possesses a picture by Pontormo, ing of the Scalzo he also competed from which the learned have deduced with Andrea; and he there executed the three manners ascribed to him. two Histories, wbich certainly suffer The first is correct in the design, and little from the comparison. Thus, too, powerful in the colouring, and may at the Poggio Cajano, in the same spi- be regarded as the most allied to Anrit of friendly rivalry, he undertook to drea. The second is also good in the represent the return of Marcus Tul- design, but the colouring is rather lanlius from exile; and although that guid ; it was this which seems to have work was left unfinished (in tronco,) served as an example to Bronzino, and it exhibits great merit. It is the chief others of an after period. The third praise of Franciabigio's pencil, to have is a true imitation of Albert Dürer, not so often coped with Andrea, and to merely in the invention, but even in "have kept alive in him that emulation the heads and attitudes, a manner most and industry, as if he had feared the truly unworthy of so beautiful a compossibility of being overcome. mencement. Of this style it is, how
Jacopo Carruchi, from the name of ever, difficult to find examples, except his birth-place, called Pontormo, was some histories of the Passion in the a man of rare genius, and admired, cloister of the monastery of Certosa, even in his earliest works, by Raphael seemingly copied from the engravings and Michael Angelo. He had recei- of Albert, and from the effects of which ved a few lessons from Da Vinci, af- he afterwards spent some years in enterwards from Albertinetti, and was deavouring to free himself. We might somewhat-advanced in the art by Pier have added a fourth manner if the de Cosimo; finally, he gave himself great works at St Lorenzo with which as a scholar to Andrea del Sarto. Ha- he was engaged for eleven years, called ving raised the jealousy of his master, the Flood, and the UniversalJudgment, and been treated uncourteously, he was had been still in existence. They induced to take his leave, and soon be- were his last labour, and afterwards came rather a competitor than an imi- white-washed for some ordinary purtator in many labours. In the Visita- pose, without either regret or remontion at the cloisters of the Servi, in the strance on the part of the artificers. picture of various saints in the Church He had then wished to imitate Michael of St Michelino, in the two histories Angelo, and to leave some examples of Joseph, in a cabinet of the Great of what has been called the anatomiGallery, one clearly sees how he fol- cal style, which in Florence was now lows his master without fatigue, and about to be esteemed beyond every is guided almost in the same path ra- other. But the effect produced was ther by a resemblance in natural ge- very different from the object aimed nius, than through any principle of at, and he only taught posterity how imitation. It is an error to regard him vain and fruitless it is for a man adas a copyist, like the settarii, of mere vanced in years to affect to follow the forms and faces. He has always an varying fashion of the day. originality by which he may be distin- It was a custom of Andrea del Sarguished. I have seen one of his sacred to, in common with Raffael, and families in the house of the Marquis others of the age, to conduct his works Carboni Pucci, along with others by with the aid of painters practised in Baccio, Rossi, and del Sarto ; and his style, who were either his scholars however much he may have resembled or his friends. This notice is not withor imitated these, he yet possesses a
out use to those who, in studying his well-defined character of his own.
pictures, may sometimes detect the
in touch of another brush. It is known whom there are three pictures in the ni that he put the finishing hand to some Church of St Spirito. He also makes paintings of Pontormo, and that he honourable mention of two others who kept in his company Jacone and Do- lived much in France, Nannoccia and menico Puligo, two men born for the Andrea Sguazzella, both of whom held art, quick and docile in imitation, al- a style allied to that of Del Sarto. though desirous of mora substantial From the hands of the above-named rewards than those of honour. A high- painters more than from any other, ly commendable work of Jacone, is proceeded the many beautiful copies on the front of the noble Casa Buon- which, in Florence and elsewhere, so lelmonte
, done in chiar' oscuro, with frequently are made to pass for origi, beautiful design (in regard to which nals; but it does not appear credible le was excellent) and entirely after that Andrea should have repeated so he manner of Andrea; besides the often or so punctually his own inven, ainting in oil which he executed at tions, or should have himself reduced ortona, and of which Vasari talks them from the great to the small proth praise. Puligo, on the other hand, portions. I have seen one of his holy celled less in design than in colours families, the Saint Elizabeth of which 5. His style was mild, harmonious, may be found in more than ten cabi1 clear, though not without an idea niets; and other figures painted by concealing the contours, and thus him may be found repeated in three or ing himself from the obligation of four houses. I have observed the picdering them more perfect. Thecha- ture of St Lorenzo, with other saints, Eer of his style of painting may be which is in the Pitti, also in the Galovered in some Madonnas, and lery of Albani, and the Visitation of our r pictures, which, probably de- Lord, in the Palazzo Giustiniani ; the ed by Andrea, appear at first sight Birth of our Lady, as painted at the they were also painted by him. Serri, is also in the house of Signor her intimate friend and scholar. Pirri at Rome, all most beautified picdrea was Dominico Conti, who tures, of a small size, by an ancient ne heir to his collection of drawn hand, and usually assigned to Andrea and whose memory is eulogized del Sarto. To me it appears not ima bust erected to his honour be- probable that the best of so great a he immortal works of the An- number were at least painted in his ta. Vasari makes mention of study, and retouched by himself, as rfollower of Andrea, called Pier- was the occasional custom of Titian co di Jacopo di Sandro, by and Raffael.
HOWISON'S CANADA.* have no hesitation in saying, much ornament, we have been able to is by far the best book which discover nothing either of superfluity or been written by any British of vanity. In short, it seems to contain on the subject of North Ame- a faithful and unaffected transcript of
we are quite sure it must not the workings of a mind alike active, ct a great deal of notice now, reflective, fervid, imaginative, shrewd,
its place hereafter, in every upright, and generous. Mr Howison ole library, both on this and is entitled, by this effort alone, to claim er side of the Atlantic. It is no undistinguished rank among the 5 we are informed, by a very English writers of his time; but no
; but this is what nobody body who reads his book, can doubt kely to guess from the style that it remains with himself to deopinions, or of its language: mand and obtain, by future exertions, is enthusiasm, without any such a high and eminent place, as it is green ; and in the midst of probable his own modesty may have
of Upper Canada, Domestic, Local, and Characteristic : to which are cal Details for the information of Emigrants of every class ; and some of the United States of America. By John Howison. Oliver and Boyd,
hitherto prevented him from concei- the districts through which he travelving to be within his reach.
led. The subject of Emigration is per- Being a Scotsman, and of course achaps the most important to which the quainted with the actual state of his attention of British politicians has late- country, it was to be expected that Mr ly been directed; and we earnestly re- Howison should consider the subject commend this book to the notice of all of emigration, with a particular regard who love their country, and their coun- to the habits and necessities of those try's welfare, because we believe more unfortunate countrymen of his own, practically useful hints in regard to this who, in consequence of many untogreat subject, may be gathered from ward circumstances, are every day comits unpretending pages, than from all pelled to think of seeking the means the treatises and travels that have ap- of existence at a distance from their peared within the last twenty years. native land ; and we shall not affect Totally free from the prejudices which to conceal, that to our view the chief have so offensively characterized the interest and value of his book consist greater part of those who went before in the admirable manner in which he him-totally free, as it appears to us, has thrown together the result of infrom all prejudices, except a few, from quiries instituted and pursued from which we hope English gentlemen the most patriotic of motives. This will never be quite emancipated--Mr is not the place nor the time for invesHowison writes like a man who loves tigating the short-sighted and hearthis country, and respects her religion, less behaviour of certain great propriebut displays not the least trace of bigot- tors, whose misera ble selfishness has ry, either political or religious. He has been the chief origin of the necessity not gone through a new region wil- of emigration from the mountainous fully blinded. He has seen the good districts of Scotland. The day will and the evil, and he has told what he come, and that full surely, when these has seen with the calmness of one who persons, or their descendants
, shall be has thought too much of human life, compelled to repent in bitterness and either to expect extravagantly, or tó vexation of spirit, of the policy which judge uncharitably. His sagacity has drives away a virtuous and devoted peanot chilled his feelings, nor has his santry, for the sake of rearing a diffewarm-heartedness unnerved his judg- rent species of farm-stock, and therement. Our literature, in a word, has by increasing (perhaps precariously not for a long time witnessed a debut enough) the rental of a few overgrown every way so promising, as this of Mr estates. The whole of this subject is
we are well informed, about to be It does not appear with what parti- treated in the fullest and most master; crossed the Atlantic ; though, from va- afford the
highest pledge, both for the rious passages in his book, we should accuracy of his statements, and the vel purely
for amusement, but rather we for the present shall be silentosilt be inclined to suppose he did not tras liberality of his views-and, therefore
, of settling either in Canada or in the for emigration does exist among the United States, in some professional si- Highlanders of Scotland, and it is tuation. That he has received a me- most consolatory to be assured by such bable, particularly from the excellent grating to Upper Canada, it is in the style in which he satirizes some of the power of any industrious man to purlicity with which he occasionally dis- years, the certainty of a comfortable cusses topics of chemical, mineralogi- subsistence for himself and the whole nothing to do: It is sufficiently evi- the result of his observations on this Mr Howison's personal views, we have their days. Mr Howison's precis of cal, and zoological inquiry; but with of his family, during all the rest of dent, that in the pursuit of them, he head, is too valuable not to be given as sought and obtained very extensive it stands in his own words:
one whose name will
“Emigrants ought society, manners, and commerce, in all bound for Quebec or Non treal. If they
to embark in vessels
sail for New York, they will have to pay a quantity under cultivation. AU lands are duty of 30 per cent
. upon their luggage bestowed under certain regulations and rewhen they arrive at that port; and, as there strictions. The settler must clear five acres is very little water-carriage between it and upon each hundred granted to him, open a
Canada, the route will prove a most expen- road in front of his lot, and build a log. E: sive one, particularly to people who carry house of certain dimensions. These set
many articles along with them. Those who tling-duties, if performed within eighteen have money to spare, should lay in a quan- months after the location-ticket has been tity of wearing apparel before leaving this issued, entitle him to a deed from governcountry, as all articles of the kind cost very ment, which makes the lot his for ever ; high in Upper Canada. A stock of broad- and are so far from being severc or unreacloth, cotton, shoes, bedding, &c. can be sonable, that he will find it necessary to carried out at a trifling expence, and will perform them in less than the time speci. prove advantageous to the settler. But no fied, if he propose to obtain a subsistence ne should take household furniture with from the cultivation of his farm. The fol. im; and if he cannot sell what he has in lowing is a list of the fees on grants of land his country, he ought to leave it behind exceeding fifty acres :im. The conveyance of tables, chairs, &c. 100 acres
£ 5 14 1 ato the back-woods costs far more than 200
16 17 eir value; besides every thing that is ne- 300
24 11 7 ssary for the interior of a log-hut can be 400
32 8 ocured in the settlements. Good furni. 500
39 19 9 e is not at all fit for the rude abode that 600
47 18 10 st at first be occupied by those who 700
55 17 11 -e newly emigrated.
63 2 0 A passage to Quebec or Montreal can 909
70 16 0 be procured for about £7, provisions
78 10 2 ded. Half price is usually paid for 1100
86 4 3 Eren. Nothing is charged for luggage,
93 18 4 as the quantity is very great. Those “ The emigrant must now visit the setrants who have but a small sum of tlement, or place, where he feels most incliV, should convert it into guineas or ned to take up his residence. Different pers, British bank-notes and silver not sons will, of course, recommend different current in Canada. If the amount is spots. But that tract of land which extends it should be lodged in the hands of from the mouth of the Niagara river to the d in this country, and such arrange- head of Lake Erie, combines a greater made as will enable its owner to ob- number of advantages than any other por
sum he wants, by drawing a bill tion of the Province; and the emigrant s correspondent at home.
will do well to choose his lot in some part ere are offices, both at Quebec and of it. He may perhaps be told, that it lies l, where persons, by paying
a small too far from a market ; but this is quite a obtain some information about temporary defect, and is fully counterbands, the expence of a grant, and lanced by the richness of soil, comparative s of proceeding to the Upper Pro- lightness of timber, fine water communicanigrants should go to these when- tions, and superiority of climate, which chaget on shore, and make such in. racterize its whole extent. Ancaster, Long they may think necessary, and Point, Talbot Road, &c. are situated in ediately set out for York. this fertile region, which contains many 1 the emigrant reaches York, he other settlements equally beautiful and ino the Land Office there, where viting. informed concerning the steps
“ Whenever the emigrant has obtained be taken, before he can be en- from government a location-ticket, which
It is unnecessary to de- is a sort of certificate that empowers him rther than by stating, that the to take possession of the portion of land he of ihem is, to make the appli- has selected, he ought to commence operaimself a British subject.
tions immediately. But it sometimes hapnent gives fifty acres of land to pens, that emigrants are too poor to pursubject, free of cost ; but, if chase the provisions, stock, and farming
have a larger quantity, he utensils that new settlers require, when to a certain amount. In Ca- commencing their labours. Persons so sires are considered as
very tuated must hire themselves out, until they ind therefore the emigrant gain enough to make a beginning. They e at least twice as much, if will be paid for their work in money, grain, to do so ; however, he will cattle, or provisions ; all which articles will in more than one hundred prove equally useful and valuable to them. e proves himself possessed "They will, at the same time, be acquiring of soon bringing a larger a knowledge of the manners and customs