in my opinion, shows the hand of a thinking and all-wise Being in their formation, with the evidence of a thousand demonstrations. I think we may lay this down as an incontested principle, that chance never acts in a perpetual uniformity and consistency with itself. If one should always fling the same number with ten thousand dice, or see every throw just five times less, or five times more in number, than the throw which immediately preceded it, who would not imagine there is some invisible power which directs the cast? This is the proceeding which we find in the operations of nature. Every kind of animal is diversified by different magnitudes, each of which give rise to a different species. Let a man trace the dog or lion kind, and he will observe how many of the works of nature are published, if I may use the expression, in a variety of editions. If we look into the reptile world, or into those different kinds of animals that fill the element of water, we meet with the same repetitions among several species, that differ very little from one another, but in size and bulk. You find the same creature that is drawn at large copied out in several proportions and ending in miniature. It would be tedious to produce instances of this regular conduct in Providence, as it would be superfluous to those who are versed in the natural history of animals. The magnificent harmony of the universe is such, that we may observe innumerable divisions running upon the same ground. I might also extend this speculation to the dead parts of nature, in which we may find matter disposed into many similar systems, as well in our survey of stars and planets, as of stones, vegetables, and other sublunary parts of the creation. In a word, Providence has shown the richness of its goodness and wisdom, not only in the production of many original species, but in the multiplicity of descants* which it has made on every original species in particular.

But to pursue this thought still further. Every living creature considered in itself has many very complicated parts that are exact copies of some other parts which it possesses, and which are complicated in the same manner. One eye would have been sufficient for the subsistence and preservation of an animal; but in order to better his condition we see another placed with a mathematical exactness in the same most advantageous situation, and in every particular of the same size and texture. Is it possible for chance to be thus delicate and uniform in her operations? Should a million of dice turn up twice together the same number, the wonder would be nothing in comparison with this. But when we see this similitude and resemblance in the arm, the hand, the fingers; when we see one half of the body entirely correspond with the other in all those minute strokes, without which a man might have very well subsisted; nay, when we often see a single part repeated a hundred times in the same body notwithstanding it consists of the most intricate weaving of numberless fibers, and these parts differing still in magnitude, as the convenience of their particular situation requires; sure a man must have a strange cast of understanding, who does not discover the finger of God in so wonderful a work. These duplicates in those parts of the body, without which a man might have very well subsisted, though not so well as with them, are a plain demonstration of an all-wise Contriver, as those more numerous copyings which are found among the vessels of the same body, are evident demonstrations that they could not be the work of chance.

This argument receives additional strength, if we
apply it to every animal and insect within our
knowledge, as well as to those numberless living
creatures that are objects too minute for a human
eye: and if we consider how the several species
in this whole world of life resemble one ano
ther in very many particulars, so far as is con
venient for their respective states of existence, it
is much more probable that a hundred millions of
dice should be casually thrown a hundred mil
lions of times in the same number, than that the
body of any single animal should be produced by
the fortuitous concourse of matter. And that the
like chance should arise in innumerable instan
ces, requires a degree of credulity that is not un-
der the direction of common sense.
We may
carry this consideration yet further, if we reflet
on the two sexes in every living species, with
their resemblances to each other, and those par
ticular distinctions that were necessary for the
keeping up of this great world of life.

There are many more demonstrations of a St preme Being, and of his transcendent wisdom, power, and goodness, in the formation of the body of a living creature, for which I refer my reader to other writings, particularly to the sixth book of the poem entitled Creation, where the an my of the human body is described with great perspicuity and elegance. I have been particular on the thought which runs through this specu tion, because I have not seen it enlarged upou ty others.-0.

Meant perhaps for "descents," i. e., progress downward.—


No. 544.] MONDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1712
Nunquam ita quisquam bene subducta ratione ad vitam fal,
Quin res, ætas, usus semper aliquid apportet nori,
Aliquid moneat: ut illa, quæ te scire credas, nescise;
Et, quæ tibi putaris prima, in experiendo ut repud
TER. Adelph. act v. .
No man was ever so completely skilled in the conduct of

as not to receive new information from age and experi
insomuch that we find ourselves really ignorant of what
thought we understood, and see cause to reject what we hith
cied our truest interest.

THERE are, I think, sentiments in the following letter from my friend Captain Sentry, which dis cover a rational and equal frame of mind, as w prepared for an advantageous as an unfortaza change of condition :

Coverley-hall, Nov. 15, "SIB, Worcestershim "I am come to the succession of the estate of my honored kinsman, Sir Roger de Coverley; I assure you I find it no easy task to keep up figure of master of the fortune which was so b somely enjoyed by that honest, plain man. Ic not (with respect to the great obligations I re be it spoken) reflect upon his character, but i confirmed in the truth which I have, I t heard spoken at the club; to wit, that a man warm and well-disposed heart, with a very capacity, is highly superior in human socia him who with the greatest talents, is cold languid in his affections. But alas! why! make a difficulty in speaking of my worthy tor's failings? His little absurdities and in city for the conversation of the politest met dead with him, and his greater qualities now useful to him. I know not whether by ra those disabilities I do not enhance his men he has left behind him a reputation in his try, which would be worth the pains of the s

229 659

• Creation. A poem by Sir Richard Blackmare.

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man's whole life to arrive at. By the way, I must time, and pass the rest in sobriety conformable to observe to you, that many of your readers have the rules of the most virtuous civil life, is a merit mistook that passage in your writings, wherein too great to deserve the treatment it usually meets Sir Roger is reported to have inquired into the with among the other part of the world. But I private character of the young woman at the tav-assure you, Sir, were there not very many who ern. I know you mentioned that circumstance have this worth, we could never have seen the as an instance of the simplicity and innocence glorious events which we have in our days. I of his mind, which made him imagine it a very need not say more to illustrate the character of a easy thing to reclaim one of those criminals, and soldier than to tell you he is the very contrary to not as an inclination in him to be guilty with her. him you observe loud, saucy, and overbearing, in The less discerning of your readers cannot enter a red coat about town. But I was going to tell into that delicacy of description in the character: you that, in honor of the profession of arms, I but indeed my chief business at this time is to have set apart a certain sum of money for a table for represent to you my present state of mind, and such gentlemen as have served their country in the satisfaction I promise to myself in the posses- the army, and will please from time to time to sosion of my new fortune. I have continued all Sir journ all, or any part of the year, at Coverley, Roger's servants, except such as it was a relief to Such of them as will do me that honor shall find dismiss into little beings within my manor. Those horses, servants, and all things necessary for who are in a list of the good knight's own hand their accommodation and enjoyment of all the to be taken care of by me, I have quartered upon conveniences of life in a pleasant various country. such as have taken new leases of me, and added If Colonel Camperfelt* be in town, and his abiliso many advantages during the lives of the per- ties are not employed another way in the service, sons so quartered, that it is the interest of those there is no man would be more welcome here. whom they are joined with to cherish and befriend That gentleman's thorough knowledge in his prothem upon all occasions. I find a considerable fession, together with the simplicity of his mansum of ready money, which I am laying out among ners and goodness of his heart, would induce othmy dependents at the common interest, but with ers like him to honor my abode; and I should be a design to lend it according to their merit, rather glad my acquaintance would take themselves to than according to their ability. I shall lay a tax be invited or not, as their characters have an afupon such as I have highly obliged, to become finity to his. security to me for such of their own poor youth, whether male or female, as want help toward getting into some being in the world. hope I shall be able to manage my affairs so as to improve my fortune every year by doing acts of kindness. I will lend my money to the use of none but indigent men, secured by such as have ceased to be indigent by the favor of my family or myself. What makes this the more practicable is, that if they will do any one good with my money, they are welcome to it upon their own security: and I make no exception against it, because the persons who enter into the obligations do it for their own family. I have laid out four thousand pounds this way, and it is not to be imagined what a crowd of people are obliged by it. In cases where Sir Roger has recommended, I have lent money to put out children, with a clause which makes void the obligation in case the infant dies before he is out of his apprenticeship; by which means the kindred and masters are extremely careful of breeding him to industry, that he may repay it himself by his labor in three years' journey-work after his time is out, for the use of his securities. Opportunities of this kind are all that have occured since I came to my estate: but I assure you I will preserve a constant disposition to catch at all the occasions I can to promote the good and happiness of my neighborhood.

"I would have all my friends know that they need not fear (though I am become a country gentleman) I will trespass against their temperance and sobriety. No, Sir, I shall retain so much of the good sentiments for the conduct of life, which we cultivated in each other at our club, as to contemn all inordinate pleasures, but particularly remember, with our beloved Tully, that the delight in food consists in desire, not satiety. They who most passionately pursue pleasure seldomest arrive at it. Now I am writing to a philosopher I cannot forbear mentioning the satisfaction I took in the passage I read yesterday in the same Tully. A nobleman of Athens made a compliment to Plato the morning after he had supped at his house: Your entertainments do not only please when you give them, but also the day after.' "I am, my worthy Friend,


"Your most obedient humble Servant,



But give me leave to lay before you a little establishment which has grown out of my past life, that I doubt not will administer great satisfaction to me in that part of it, whatever that is, which is to come.

No. 545.] TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1712..
Quin potius pacem æternam pactosque hymenæos
VIRG. n. iv. 99..

Let us in bonds of lasting peace unite,
And celebrate the hymeneal rite.

"There is a prejudice in favor of the way of life to which a man has been educated, which I know not whether it would not be faulty to overcome. It is like a partiality to the interest of one's own country before that of any other nation. It

I CANNOT but think the following letter from the Emperor of China to the Pope of Rome, proposing a coalition of the Chinese and Roman churches, will be acceptable to the curious. I must confess, I myself being of opinion that the Emperor has as much authority to be interpreter to him he pretends to expound, as the Pope has to be vicar of the sacred person he takes upon him to represent,. I was not a little pleased with their treaty of alli

is from a habit of thinking, grown upon me from ance. What progress the negotiation between his majesty of Rome and his holiness of China makes (as we daily writers say upon subjects where we are at a loss) time will let us know. In the mean

my youth spent in arms, that I have ever held gentlemen, who have preserved modesty, good-nature, justice and humanity, in a soldier's life, to be the most valuable and worthy persons of the human race. To pass through imminent dangers, suffer painful watchings, frightful alarms, and laborious marches, for the greater part of a man's

* Colonel Camperfelt. Spect. in folio. A fine compliment to the father of the late worthy Admiral Kempenfelt, who was drowned in the Royal George at Spithead, Aug. 29, 1782..

time, since they agree in the fundamentals of power and authority, and differ only in matters of faith, we may expect the matter will go on without difficulty.

Copia di lettera del re della China al Papa, interpretata dal padre segretario dell' India della compagna di Giesu.

"A voi benedetto sopra i benedetti P. P. et imperadore grande de pontifici e pastore Xmo, dispensatore del' oglio de irè d' Europa, Clemente XI.

"Dico il traduttore che secondo il ceremonial di questo lettere e recedentissimo specialmente essere scritto con la penna della struzzo-vergize com la quella non soglionsi scrivere quei re che le pregiere a Dio e scrivendo a qualche altro principe del mondo, la maggior finezza che usino, è scrivergl con la penna del pavone."

A letter from the Emperor of China to the Pope, interpreted by a father Jesuit, secretary of the Indies.

"Il favorito amico di Dio Gionata 7°, potentis-"To you blessed above the blessed, great emperor bishops and pastor of Christians, dispenser of simo sopra tutti i potentissimi della terra, altissioil of the kings of Europe, Clement XI. mo sópra tutti gl' altissimi sotto il sole e la luna che sede nella sede di smeraldo della China sópra cento scalini d'oro, ad interpretare la lingua di Dio a tutti i descendenti fedeli d' Abramo, chi da la vita e la morte a cento quindici regni, ed a cento settante isole, scrive con la penna dello struzzo vergine, e manda salute ed accresimento di vecehiezza.

"The favorite friend of God, Gionetta the VII. the most powerful above the most powerful of the earth, highest above the highest under the sun and moon, who sits on a throne of emerald of China above one hundred steps of gold, to interpret the language of God to the faithful, and who gra life and death to one hundred and fifteen kas doms, and one hundred and seventy islands, be writes with the quill of a virgin ostrich, and sends health and increase of old age.

"Essendo arrivato il tempo in cui il fiore della reale nostra gioventu deve maturare i frutti della nostra vecchiezza, e confortare con quell' i desiderii dei populi nostri divoti, e propagare il seme di quella pianta che deve proteggerli, habbiamo stabillito d' accompagnarci con una vergine eccelsa ed amorosa allattata alla mamella della leonessa forte e dell' agnella mansueta. Percio essendoci stato figurato sempre il vostro populo Europeo Romano per paese di donne invitte, e forte, e caste; allongiamo la nostra mano potente, a stringere una di loro, e questa sarà una vostra nipote, o nipote di qualche altro gran sacerdote Latino, che sia guardata dall' occhio dritto di Dio, sarà seminata in lei l'autorita di Sarra, la fedelta d' Esther, e la sapienza di Abba; la vogliamo con l' occhio della colomba che guarda il cielo, e la terra, e con la bocca della conchiglia che si pasce della ruggiada del matino. La sua eta non passi ducento corsi della luna, la sua statura sia alta quanto la spicca dritta del grano verde, e la sua grossezza quanto un manipolo di grano secco. Noi la mandaremmo a vestire per li nostri mandatici ambasciadori, e chi la conduranno a noi, e noi incontraremmo alla riva del fiume grande facendola salire su nostro cocchio. Ella potra adorare appresso di noi il suo Dio, con venti quattro altre vergini a sua ellezzione e potra cantare con loro, come la tottora alla primavera.


Sodisfando O padre e amico nostro questa nostra brama, sarete caggione di unire in perpetua amicitia cotesti vostri regni d' Europa al nostro dominante imperio, e si abbracciranno le vostri leggi come l' edera abbraccia la pianta; e noi medesemi spargeremo del nostro seme reale in coteste provinci, riscaldando i letti di vostri principi con il fuoco amoroso delle nostre amazoni, d' alcune delle quali i nostri mandatici ambasciadori vi porteranno le somiglianze dipinte.

"Vi confirmiamo di tenere in pace le due buone religiose famiglie delli missionarii gli' figlioli d' Ignazio, e li bianchi e neri figlioli di Dominico, il cui consiglio degl' uni e degl' altri ci serve di scorta nel nostro regimento e di lume ad interpre-gious families of missionaries, the black sons ol tare le divine legge, come appuncto fa lume l' oglio | Ignatius, and the white and black sons of Dom che si getta in mare. icus; that the counsel, both of the one and

"We exhort you to keep in peace two good rea

"In tanto alzandoci dal nostro trono per abbrac- other, may serve as a guide to us in our gover ciarvi, vi dichiariamo nostro congiunto e confeder-ment, and a light to interpret the divine lav, ato, ed ordiniamo che questo foglio sia segnato the oil cast into the sea produces light. col nostro segno imperial della nostra citta, capo del mondo, il quinto giorno della terza lunatione l'anno quarto del nostro imperio.

"Sigillo è un sole nella cui faccia è anche quella della luna ed intorno tra i raggi vi sono traposte alcune spade.

"Being arrived at the time of our age, in vtd the flower of our royal youth ought to ripen zão fruit toward old age, to comfort therewith the de sire of our devoted people, and to properate the seed of that plant which must protect them: ve have determined to accompany ourselves with a high amorous virgin, suckled at the breast of a wild lioness, and a meek lamb; and, imaginag with ourselves that your European Roman peeps is the father of many unconquerable and chaste ladies, we stretch out our powerful arm to embrace one of them, and she shall be one of your nieces, or the niece of some other great Latin priest, the darling of God's right eye. Let the authonty of Sarah be sown in her, the fidelity of Esther, "and the wisdom of Abba. We would have her eye like that of a dove, which may look upon begren and earth, with the mouth of a shell-fish to feed upon the dew of the morning; her age must mat exceed two hundred courses of the moon; let her stature be equal to that of an ear of green com and her girth a handful.

"We will send our mandarines ambassadors to clothe her, and to conduct her to us, and we vill meet her on the bank of the great river, making her to leap up into our chariot. She may with as worship her own God, together with twenty-four virgins of her own choosing; and she may sing with them as the turtle in the spring.

"You, O father and friend, complying with this our desire, may be an occasion of uniting in petual friendship our high empire with your E ropean kingdoms, and we may embrace your law as the ivy embraces the tree; and we ourselves may scatter our royal blood into your provis warming the chief of your princes with the amo ous fire of our amazons, the resembling pictures of some of which our said mandarines ambass dors shall convey to you.

"To conclude, we rising up in our thror" embrace you, we declare you our ally and ce erate; and have ordered this leaf to be sealed v-1 our imperial signet, in our royal city the heal the world, the eighth day of the third lun and the fourth year of our reign."

The advantages of action, show, and dress, on these occasions, are allowable, because the merit consists in being capable of imposing upon us to our advantage and entertainment. All that I was going to say about the honesty of an author in the sale of his ware was, that he ought to own all that he had borrowed from others, and lay in a clear light all that he gives his spectators for their money, with an account of the first manufacturers. But I intended to give the lecture of this day upon the common and prostituted behavior of traders in ordinary commerce. The philosopher made it a rule of trade, that your profit ought to be the common profit; and it is unjust to make any step toward gain, wherein the gain of even those to whom you sell is not also consulted. A man may deceive himself if he thinks fit, but he is no better than a cheat who sells anything without telling the exceptions against it, as well as what is to be said to its advantage. The scandalous abuse of language and hardening of conscience, which may be observed every day in going from one place to another, is what makes a whole city to an unprejudiced eye a den of thieves. It was no small pleasure to me for this reason to remark, as I passed by Cornhill, that the shop of that worthy, honest, though lately unfortunate citizen, Mr. John Morton, so well known in the linen trade, is fitting up anew. Since a man has been in a distressed condition, it ought to be a great satisfaction to have passed through it in such a manner as not to have lost the friendship of those acknowledgment of his honesty from those very who suffered with him, but to receive an honorable persons to whom the law had consigned his estate. of a very general advantage to those who shall The misfortune of this citizen is like to prove deal with him hereafter; for the stock with which he now sets up being the loan of his friends, he cannot expose that to the hazard of giving credit, but enters into a ready-money trade, by which means he will both buy and sell the best and cheapest. He imposes upon himself a rule of affixing the value of each piece he sells, to the piece itself; so that the most ignorant servant or child will be as good a buyer at his shop as the most skillful in the trade. For all which, you To encourage dealing after this way, there is not have all his hopes and fortune for your security. only the avoiding the most infamous guilt in ordi

No. 546.] WEDNESDAY, NOV. 26, 1712. Omnia patefacienda ut ne quid omnino, quod venditor norit, emptor ignoret.-TULL Everything should be fairly told, that the buyer may not be ignorant of anything which the seller knows.

Ir gives me very great scandal to observe, wherever I go, how much skill, in buying all man ner of goods, there is necessary to defend yourself from being cheated in whatever you see exposed to sale. My reading makes such a strong impression upon me, that I should think myself a cheat in my way, if I should translate anything from another tongue, and not acknowledge it to my readers. I understood from common report, that Mr. Cibber was introducing a French play upon our stage, and thought myself concerned to let the town know what was his, and what was foreign.* When I came to the rehearsal, I found the house so partial to one of their own fraternity, that they gave everything which was said such grace, emphasis, and force, in their action, that it was no

easy matter to make any judgment of the perform-nary bartering; but this observation, that he who buys with ready money saves as much to his famrity and service of his country; that is to say, in ily as the state exacts out of his land for the secuplain English, sixteen will do as much as twenty shillings.


ance. Mrs. Oldfield, who, it seems, is the heroic daughter, had so just a conception of her part, that her action made what she spoke appear decent, just and noble. The passions of terror and compassion they made me believe were very artfully raised, and the whole conduct of the play artful and surprising. We authors do not much relish the endeavors of players in this kind, but have the same disdain as physicians and lawyers have when attorneys and apothecaries give advice. Cibber himself took the liberty to tell me, that he expected I would do him justice, and allow the play well prepared for his spectators, whatever it was for his readers. He added very many particulars not incurious concerning the manner of taking an audience, and laying wait not only for their superficial applause, but also for insinuating into their affections and passions, by the artful management of the look, voice, and gesture, of the speaker. I could not but consent that The Heroic Daughter appeared in the rehearsal a moving entertainment wrought out of a great and exemplary virtue.


on account of some favors which I have lately re"My heart is so swelled with grateful sentiments ceived, that I must beg leave to give them utterauce among the crowd of other anonymous correspondents; and writing, I hope, will be as great relief to my forced silence, as it is to your natusuffer me to speak to him in any terms of acknowral taciturnity. My generous benefactor will not ledgment, but ever treats me as if he had the greatest obligations, and uses me with a distinction that is not to be expected from one so much my superior in fortune, years, and understanding. He insinuates, as if I had a certain right to his favors from some merit, which his particular inbeautiful artifice to lessen the pain an honest mind dulgence to me has discovered; but that is only a feels in receiving obligatious when there is no probability of returning them.

"A gift is doubled when accompanied with such

Letters from Rome say, the whole conversation both among gentlemen and ladies has turned upon the subject of this epistle, ever since it arrived. The Jesuit who translated it says, it loses much of the majesty of the original in the Italian. It seems there was an offer of the same nature made by a predecessor of the present Emperor to Lewis XIII, of France; but no lady of that court would take the voyage, that sex not being at that time so much used in politic negotiations. The manner of treating the Pope is, according to the Chinese ceremonial, very respectful, for the Emperor writes to him with the quill of a virgin ostrich, which was never used before but in writing prayers. Instructions are preparing for the lady who shall have so much zeal as to undertake this pilgrimage and be an empress for the sake of her religion. The principal of the Indian missionaries has given in a list of the reigning sins in China, in order to prepare the indulgences necessary to this lady and her retinue, in advancing the interests of the Roman Catholic religion in those kingdoms. "TO THE SPECTATOR-GENERAL. "May it please your honor,

"I have of late seen French hats of a prodigious magnitude pass by my observatory.


"Ximena," or, "The Heroic Daughter;" a tragedy taken from the "Cid" of Racine, by C. Cibber.

a delicacy of address; but what to me gives it an 'leaved for her own private use, ordered them to be inexpressible value, is its coming from the man I brought down, and laid in the window, whither most esteem in the world. It pleases me indeed, every one in the company retired, and wrote down as it is an advantage and addition to my fortune; a particular advertisement in the style and phrase but when I consider it as an instance of that good of the like ingenious compositions which we fre man's friendship, it overjoys, it transports me; I quently meet with at the end of our newspapers. look on it with a lover's eye, and no longer regard When we had finished our work, we read them the gift, but the hand that gave it. For my friend- with a great deal of mirth at the fire-side, and ship is so entirely void of any gainful views, that agreed, nemine contradicente, to get them transcribed it often gives me pain to think it should have been and sent to the Spectator. The gentleman who chargeable to him; and I cannot at some melan- made the proposal entered the following advertise choly hours help doing his generosity the injury ment before the title-page, after which the rest of fearing it should cool on this account, and that succeeded in order: the last favor might be a sort of legacy of a departing friendship.

"Remedium efficax et universum; or an effectual remedy adapted to all capacities; showing how any person may cure himself of ill-nature, pride,

“I cortess these fears seem very groundless and unish, but you must forgive them to the appre-party spleen, or any other distempter incident to heusion of one possessed of a great treasure, who the human system, with an easy way to know is trighted at the most distant shadow of danger. when the infection is upon him. This panacea is *Since I have thus far opened my heart to you, as innocent as bread, agreeable to the taste, and I will not conceal the secret satisfaction I feel requires no confinement. It has not its equal in there, of knowing the goodness of my friend will the universe, as abundance of the nobility and not be unrewarded. I am pleased with thinking gentry throughout the kingdom have experienced. the providence of the Almighty hath sufficient blessings in store for him, and will certainly dis

"N. B. No family ought to be without it." Over the two Spectators on Jealousy, being the two

charge the debt, though I am not made the happy

instrument of doing it.

"However, nothing in my power shall be wanting to show my gratitude; I will make it the business of my life to thank him; and shall esteem (next to him) those my best friends, who give me the greatest assistance in this good work. Printing this letter would be some little instance of my gratitude; and your favor herein will very much oblige, "Your most humble Servant, etc. "Nov. 24. "W. C." T.

first in the third volume. Nos. 170, 171. "I, William Crazy, aged threescore-and-seven, having been for several years afflicted with uneasy doubts, fears, and vapors, occasioned by the youth and beauty of Mary my wife, aged twenty-five, do hereby, for the benefit of the public, give notice, that I have found great relief from the two follow. ing doses, having taken them two mornings together with a dish of chocolate. Witness my hand," etc.

For the Benefit of the Poor.

"In charity to such as are troubled with the disease of levee-hunting, and are forced to seek

No. 547.] THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1712. their bread every morning at the chamber-doors of

great men, I, A. B., do testify, that for many years past I labored under this fashionable distemper, but was cured of it by a remedy which I bought of Mrs. Baldwin, contained in a half sheet of paper, marked No. 193, where any one may be provided with the same remedy at the price of a single penny.

"An infallible cure for hypochondriac melancholy, Nos. 173, 184, 191, 203, 209, 221, 233, 235, 239, 245, 247, 251. "Probatum est.

Si vulnus tibi, monstrata radice vel herba,
Non fieret levius, fugeres radice vel herba
Proficiente nihil curarier.-HOR. 2 Ep.ii 149.
Suppose you had a wound, and one that show'd,
An herb, which you appli'd, but found no good;
Would you be fond of this, increase your pain,
And use the fruitless remedy again?-CREECH.

Ir is very difficult to praise a man without putting him out of countenance. My following correspondent has found out this uncommon art, and, together with his friends, has celebrated some of my speculations after such a concealed but diverting manner, that if any of my readers think I am to blame in publishing my own commendations, they will allow I should have deserved their censure as much, had I suppressed the humor in which they are conveyed to me.

"CHARLES EASY." "I, Christopher Query, having been troubled with a certain distemper in my tongue, which showed itself in impertinent and superfluous interrogatories, have not asked one unnecessary question since my perusal of the prescription marked

No. 228.


modesty, No. 231, which gives such a delightful "The Britannic Beautifier; being an essay on blushing color to the cheeks of those that are

"I am often in a private assembly of wits of both sexes, where we generally descant upon your speculations, or upon the subjects on which you have treated. We were last Tuesday talking of those white or pale, that it is not to be distinguished two volumes which you have lately published. be artificial by the nearest friend, is nothing of from a natural fine complexion, nor perceived to Some were commending one of your papers, and some another; and there was scarce a single person paint, or in the least hurtful. It renders the face in the company that had not a favorite speculation. delightfully handsome; is not subject to be rubbed Upon this a man of wit and learning told us, he off, and cannot be paralleled by either wash, powthought it would not be amiss if we paid the Spec- in the world. der, cosmetic, etc. It is certainly the best beautifier "MARTHA GLOWWORM." tator the same compliment that is often made in our public prints to Sir William Read, Dr. Grant, "I, Samuel Self, of the parish of St. James, Mr. Moor the apothecary, and other eminent phy having a constitution which naturally abounds sicians, where it is usual for the patients to publish with acids, made use of a paper of directions the cures which have been made upon them, and marked No. 177, recommending a healthful exercise the several distempers under which they labored. The proposal took; and the lady where we visited having the two last volu re paper inter-Liquor.

Translated from the advertisement of the Red Bavarian folio, No. 545.

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