the generous Mr Malcolm, I shall not splashed like 'a whale; and the boat run the risk of repetition, but proceed was like to turn its keel uppermost; with our voyages. I had, while tar- but they lashed her to the stern. rying here, by my rashness, receiv- Just about this time, when the noise of ed a grievous wound in the face, Gaelic in the boat began to abate, in which I was obliged to keep bound a moment a dun cow energed from up with a napkin, and which occa- below the waves about forty yards to sioned my having something of a hi- the N.W. of us. She was grown very deous appearance. Wherever I show- wcak, was swimming with her side ed my face the people were impressed upperinost, and blowing like a porwith high ideas of my protress in the art poise ; but the tide bare her rapidly of boxing, which I never in my life away from us, and very near straight tried; and I thought it would have for them. I cannot describe to you been more naiural had they conclud- the noise and hurry which ensued in ed that some body had been boxing the boat on the appearance of this

We set sail on the morning of second prize: some hauled up the Tuesday with a fine southern breeze, sails, others hung strenuously by that which carried us out of Loch Crinan. which they had got, being unwilling About a mile off the point of Craig- to lose a certainty for a chance. nish we witnessed a very singular phe- They at last with some difficulty sucnomenon. A phenomenon, James! lit- ceeded in securing that also, when tle things are such to you when on a jour- they made slowly toward the land. ney: pray what was it? Your honour We were lost in conjecture from will not guess; not if you should do no- whence these cows could have come, thing else but try for a year. It was, there being no other vessel or boat however, what I never before saw or within sight from which they could heard of; --being a boat well manned, have made their escape ; and could fishing up cows in the open sea. Aye, think of nothing more probable, than look back at the word again ; it is that they were cattle which had just Cows. But I am to this day un- lately been brought from Jura, and able to account for it in the least, or were attempting to swim across the how such a valuable fishery came to sound to their native isle again, a disbe there ; but it was literally as fol- tance I suppose not exceeding eight lows: On reaching the sound of Ju- miles; but you now know as much as I ra, we steered to the northward ; do. After this we continued for where the wind beginning to sink, and some time to hold slowly on our the tide meeting us like a mighty ri. course, but were soon overtaken by a ver, we advanced very slow. To the dead calm, when the furious ride car. westward about half a mile, we first ried us straight away to the south. saw a large wherry crouding sail to We were now in no very agreeable the South, and then, a good way a- situation, being surrounded to the head of her, a black thing came on

southward by numbers of rocky islets, with the tide, which we soon disco- without any means in our power of esvered, with the help of the spvglass, chewing them, and were greatly ato be an excellent black highland larmed at seeing ourselves borne full cow. We approached quite near them, upon a large one in the mouth of and saw them overtake her, when Loch ( rinan! the sailors plied with they immediately dropped their sail the oars to force the vessel from its and threw coils of ropes around her, longitude, but their efforts for a long endeavouring with all their might to time proved abortive. I, for my own haul her into the boat: this however pari, tad no apprehensions of being they were unable to effect, for she wrecked on that rock, and strove with


all my rhetorick to persuade them stood on the point beyond us, and u. that it was impossible the tide could pon the whole, the scene was rather run us ashore on the island, un- interesting, though more so on account less it had a passage under it; for of its novelty to us than any thing that it must necessarily go about the else. Next morning, as soon as it island itself, and it was plain would was day, the tide then beginning to carry us with it, especially as its shore ebb, we got under way, the wind did not shelve: and so narrow is my being fair and very gentle. As I comprehension, that I believe to this did not go to sleep that night, for day it was the effect of the island's fear of losing the views, I was on repelling the current that carried us deck all the way, and the morning round, and not the oars. A small being fair and clear, enjoyed them breeze now coming from the S.W. very much : my two friends did not He stood into the bay of Craignish, awake until we were got up to the and the breeze afterwards increasing, narrow sound about the mouth of we again beat up, doubled the point Loch-Alen. They were much deof Craignish a second time, and the lighted with the wild prospects on tide turning in our favours, went on each hand, but testified their surprise swimmingly. We kept nearly the

We kept nearly the at seeing so few cottages on the coasts, same road by which I

last sum

and those that were all in clusters : mes, and saw nothing worth remark. they seemed also much better pleased ing saving a great number of fishing with the appearance of the mountains boats busily employed on a bank off of Mull than those in Morven. Athe slate islands. On the broad bout ten o'clock, we cast anchor in channel beyond these islands, and the bay of Tobermory, and went South of Mull, we met with a pretty ashore to the village, where Mr heavy sea, which was however pro- M'Alister had some business to ductive of no worse effect upon any transact, but, a violent rain commenof us, than depriving Mr W. of the cing,

cing, we were forced to keep mostly power of speech for about two hours, within doors. Although I did not and covering his complexion with the tarry above two hours at this place lily's pallid hue. As we dreaded a- last year, and tho' now so much disgain to encounter the tides in the figured by the wound in my face, I sound of Mull, we came to an anchor' was surprised at being told by a nain Loch Don, and in company with tive who went aboard with us, that Mr M'Alister, went and spent the the whole village knew me : that evening at the house of Achnacraig they wondered much what my busiin Mull

, which is a good inn, and kept ness was there last year, and much by civil people. Here we tarried un- more when they saw me return this til a late hour, and then returned on year: this might possibly proceed board our vessel. There is some from their having a jealousy of strangreen grass surrounding this bay but gers, but I rather think that the great most of it is upon land which hath number of excise-men on these coasts been tilled, and is thereby converted obliges the highlanders to keep a sharp from a moss soil into a rich black look out : those of Mull seem to be a. loam. The mountains are high, the mongst the most robust, and stout coast, except in the bays, bold and made of any; and many of them rocky; some brush-wood interlines wear the old Highland garb, which the declivities; a good way to the quite disappears in the country of Leweastward appeared the isle of Kerra. is and Harris. Mr M‘Alister having ra, and beyond that the mountains settled his business at Tobermory, we of Lorn; the ruins of Castle-Duart left it about 3 o'clock P. M. contrary October 1808.


to the ardent remonstrances of an old having experience how to manage säilor named Hugh ; and I still believe himself. I was at length alarmed by that our importunity to get forward an unusual noise and bustle above, influenced the master too much to set but still kept tenaciously by my birth out. The wind was now shifted to in the cabin, until I heard Mr M'A. the West, the day cleared up, and lister cry out in great agitation, O every five minutes the sky wore a Lord ! she will go in a thousand piemore gloomy aspect; the consequence ces !-O! my God! my God! criwas, that before we passed the bloodyed the old man at the helm. What's bay, where one of the large vessels of the matter now, thought I; and setthe Spanish Armado was ruined, eve- ting my head out at the campeignan ry countenance was stamped with the door, saw every man rivetted to the marks of apprehension; but as it still spot awaiting his fate in silent horror. continued tolerable we held on. When In truth, my dear Sir, you need not sve reached the point of Ardnamurch- envy the then feelings of an,cr the Rhu,as it is commonly called,

Your most obedient we were obliged to tack twice in or

J. K. der to weather it, and had already got to the windward of it, when the sea growing prodigiously heavy, and the wind continuing to increase, the On the Employments of Women dusailors were affrighted, and though ten

ring the MIDDLE AGES. ór twelve miles advanced, turned and (From Fisher's History of German Traår.) run again for Tobermory. It was not long until we found ourselves off 'HE free German, who valued nothe mouth of the harbour, but the thing but his sword, and lived wind, which was now increased to a only on what it procured, viewed evegale, blowing straight out of it, and ry other source of gair which was to the passage betwixt the island and the be pursued by skill and eloquence, as rocky point being so narrow that it inglorious, and unworthy of himself. was dangerous to tack, the getting in He imported from strangers merely became a serious concern : the John- weapons and clothes, in exchange for son, though a strong English-built the produce of his land, to which ke sloop, is certainly the most unwieldy added that of his hunting, and the vessel of her size that ever was gold plundered from his neighbours

. made. They now made a strong Neither during the time of ihe Roeffort to weather the straits, putting man empire, nor under that of the her about almost every three minutes; Franks, was he acquainted with real all hands assisted in hauling in the manufactures; he left them chiefly to sheets; and after a struggle of nearly freed men, to ultramontane foreigners

, two hours, they succeeded in working or to the despised Sclavonians, who her through the narrowest, and ex- afterwards exported their increased pected at the next stretch to gain the wealth to Italy, or the East sea, and harbour. There being ten in all left Germany in its ancient state of on board, and the deck rather throng, rudeness. It appears also, by the acts I had stepped below to prevent con- concerning manufactures, that at that fusion ; but my two companions assis- time we had, properly speaking, no ted with all their inight, not without internal trade, and although our histo

, imminent danger to their persons, forries already name all the principal the booin overthrew Mr John every manufacturing towns, yet no business time it was dragged in, and very of any consequence was carried on in nearly turned him overboard, he not them by natives. How, indeed, could


men apply to manufactures, who pro- against them every means of defence. cured all necessaries by the efforts of The women's house served not only their own limbs. All, therefore, came as a working-place, but also as a bedfrom the hands of the female sex, who chamber. All the German laws alsupplied their families, both with lude to it as divided into an apartclothes and with household furniture. ment in front, and one behind. The The daughters were employed by their one probably contained the members mothers as servants, in sewing, weav- of the family, the latter the maid sering, and making clothes. Eginhard vants; the violation of the former mentions of Charlemagne, that he was punished by a fine of six shillings, caused his princesses to be diligently and that of the latter by one of three instructed in these points. That em- shillings. Afterwards, it became usual peror even issued an edict, ordaining, for men to attain access into these that young noblemen should be early apartments, which


occasion to trained to the use of arms, and that many licentious romances, insomuch, young ladies of quality should be kept that the very word came ultimately to close to their spinning wheel. The signify a place of débauchery. In very silver wheel of the Princess Lutgard, remote times also, the female slaves daughter of the Emperor Otto I. belonging to charitable foundations came after her death to the cloister of were obliged to reside in a separate St Alban's on the Main, and the Em- house, called Genitium. The cloister press Cunegund wore, when a widow, of Farfe, in Italy, and others in Gera dark - coloured gown of her own many, had a similar regulation ; and' making. In the romances of the mid- in these houses they caused the ornadle ages, (which always give a true ments of their churches to be manupicture of the manners of the old factured. These buildings appear to times, and therefore are of great use, have been preferable to the French both for history and for the under- farm-houses, as we may see, among standing of German law,) we often others, from the capitulary of Charlefind ladies described as sitting over magne, in which he gives directions their embroidery, or their loom. to supply his women's houses with

These labours were performed by wool, linen, kermes, wood, soap, ointmother, daughter, and maid servants, ment, combs, and other things necesin a remote part of the house, called sary for the uses of manufacture. the women's house, which men were Our ladies made early a great proseldom allowed to enter. This wo- gress in weaving and embroidery. Almen's house, in the most ancient times, ready, in the time of Tacitus, they was under ground; it was afterwards employed themselves in weaving linen, strongly guarded and surrounded with and made clothes of it, which they vaa ditch, to preserve the inhabitants ried with stripes of scarlet. Nor is from any violence on their persons, there any reason to believe that these which was then a favourite exploit were imported from Egypt, since, in among the Germans. Seldom, anong the most ancient writers, particularly any people, shall we find such a num- Saxo and Torfæus, we find mention ber of laws against this species of vio- made of the making both of woollen lence. Indeed, there is no country and linen cloth. Nor did they long where we find so many instances of it, confine themselves to plain stuffs, but as among the Germans, and they were employed themselves upon tapestry, reproached on that account by the an- and other ornaments, for houses and cient French and Italian writers. Nor churches, which they covered with were ladies secure even from their ornaments of flowers, with hunting suitors, but were obliged to employ pieces, or other historical representa


tions. Such a covering for an altar, ny, woven into them, conformably to of the highest antiquity, is described the description of those writers. At by Olaus Wormius, as made by a la. the end of the fifteenth century, such dy of the name of Lodena, and skil- 'animals were still found in the Prusfully representing a remarkable hunt. sian woods. Thormod Torfæus has, Saxo mentions of Hamlet, that he in like manner, considered the ancient tore down, at once, all the tapestry tapestries as a grand source of historimade by his mother, with which the cal information, and it is much to be interior walls of the house were co- regretted, that better care is not taken vered, and threw it over a circle of to preserve these precious remnants of drunken guests, binding it down in antiquity. It were to be wished also, such a manner, that not one of them that the learned would draw up des. was able to rise. In the history of criptions of them for the benefit of Regner Lodbrog, it is mentioned, that posterity, or would cause them to be Brunchild had very skilfully delineat- engraved. At present, they are daily, ed on cloth all the brave actions of either falling to the ground, or are Sigurd. Every one knows the tapes- newly painted, or cut down for housetry on which is described the whole hold use. A passage in the chronicle history of William the Conqueror's of the cloister Farfe, and a letter of invasion of England. We find still foundation by Otto II. informs us, abundance of similar pieces, because it that most of the ornaments of churches was customary, in the earliest times, were wrought by female hands. We to cover all rooms with them. In ma- can also, by means of those which stiil

ancient castles of upper Germany, remain, establish many historical and the keepers used to mention to me the natural observations. Kleffel, and Pronames of the Princesses who had fessor Schutz of Hamburgh, have in wrought then. The most ancient ta- vain endeavoured to deny their use in pestry contained only two colours ; heraldry, since Du Fresne has instiblack and white. About the end of tuted the most satisfactory inquiry inthe eleventh century, they became to this subject. It is now completely somewhat livelier ; in the thirteenth, ascertained, that the Franks, and the they were completely chequered with rest of the Gerinans, had their ancient colours ; and in the fourteenth, they memorials sometimes woven, somebegan to be drawn in natural hues.- times cut in the covering of their Thus it is that they are distinguished shields. These were, on that account, by Cluverius, and I had a full oppor- called coats of arms ; and in latter tunity of satisfying myself on the sub- times, were added to their weapons. ject, by means of a great number The Baron du Cange shews, that their which Duke Charles caused to be lining, even at the earliest period, brought to Louisbourg out of various contained gold and silver, chiefly castles in Wirtemberg, which I had wrought in fur, which gave occasion it in my power to examine with the to the use of these metals in blazonry.. greatest attention, and to compare Both the colours and figures on these with each other. They consisted of coats of arms were imitated from taq; Bible stories, of holy legends, and of pestry. representations of former exploits, chief- Besides tapestry, women also perly hunting parties, which were distin- formed other species of embroidery, guished by any uncommon incidents, in which they made very great proSometimes they presented rare beasts gress. They formed large banners and birds, and those of a very large and ensigns. The famous Danish Ensize; I also observed various wild sign is said to have been made in one breasts, described by Tacitus and Pli- morning by the three daughters of


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