Phyficians, with no other complaint than an involuntary difcharge of urine, which appeared to be getting better. Since the publication of this cafe, the operation has been performed with fuccefs by Mr. Defpres of St. Paul de Leon in Britany, and Mr. Cambon in


For feveral objections made to this operation, and the answers given to them, we must refer to the pamphlet, without attempting to anticipate any further reflections which may fuggeft themselves to the minds of our Readers on this curious and interefting fubject.

RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. Art. 38. The Conquest of Canaan: in which, the natural and moral State of its Inhabitants, the Character of their Conquerors, with the Manner and Design of their Conqueft, are confidered: In a Series of Letters from a Father to his Son. Intended for the Amusement and Inftruction of Youth. By John Martin. 3 s. Boards. Buckland. 1777.


Calculated to convey, both to youth and to other perfons, inftruction and affistance as to this part of the Old Teftament History, and alfo to improve their minds, and promote their virtue and piety. Such ends the Author propofed by this publication, and fuch ends it is fitted to answer. Some objections to this part of Sacred Hiftory are briefly confidered, and feveral ufeful obfervations are made.

Art. 39. A Memoir of fome principal Circumftances in the Life and Death of the reverend and learned Auguftus Montagu Toplady, B. A. late Vicar of Broad Hembury, Devon. To which is added, written by himself, the Dying Believer's Addrefs to his Soul; and his laft Will and Teftament. 8vo. 6 d. Mathews. 1778.

The followers and admirers of Mr. Toplady will read this account with great edification, as it appears to have been drawn by an intimate friend of the deceased.

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Art. 40. Remarks on the Prophetic part of the Revelation of St. John: especially the three laft Trumpets. By Thomas Reader. 8vo. 4s. Boards. Buckland. 1778.

The general scheme of this Author's work is as follows: the feven seals include a space of time from A. D. 96 to 395; the feven trumpets from A. D. 395 to 3,125, i. e. to the end of the world and last judgment, in which is included the feven vials extending from A. D. 1936 to 1942. He acknowledges his obligations for much knowledge of this book to Mr. Fleming, Mr. Mede, Mr. Lowman, Bishop Newton, and others; and where, fays he, I have left my guides, I have fubmitted my reafons for it to the understanding and candor of every reader, who must judge of them as he can? He appears to be a man of piety, and difcovers a degree of knowledge and learning fuitable to this kind of enquiries. He is poffibly too much biaffed by an attachment to fyftem. It should be confidered that human fyftems whether Arminian, Calvinistic, or otherwife, are not abfolutely Scripture-truth. We agree with him in fuppofing that papal and other establishments have debased Chriftianity; and is there not allo


reason to believe that it may have been injured by a rigid adherence to fyftematic divinity?

1. The

Art. 41. An Antidote to Popery; or the Proteftant's Memory jogg'd in Seafon : By the following Narratives and Facts. Perfecutions of the Proteftants in the Reigns of Henry IV. V. VIII. and that of Queen Mary. II. The Irish Martyrology. III. Popish treafons and confpiracies in England. IV. Perfecutions in France. V. Extracts of Letters from Lisbon, by an eminent Minifter of the Church of England. VI. A fhort Account of the moft material Errors now taught in the Church of Rome. By a Clergyman of the Church of England. 12mo. 3 d. or 2s. 6d. a Dozen. Matthews. 1778.

This little performance is introduced by a fhort advertisement in which the Author expreffes an earnest but just concern that we may be preferved from the infection of Popish feductions, and the horrors of Popish perfecution; at the fame time he cautions the good people of England against the prefent Jefuitical apology, introduced, he fays, in the News papers, that the Papifts are now too refined in morals and manners to commence perfecutors. As friends to liberty, religious and civil, we fincerely with thefe bleffings to every man, and hope we abhor every thing that bears hard on the rights of confcience. Yet as we have been taught by clear and undoubted teftimony and conviction how inimical the principles of Popery are to the comfort and welfare of a Proteftant community, and the just and reasonable claims of mankind, it cannot admit of a question whether or not we ought to guard against its encroachments. Since this is the cafe, and fince great ignorance, as well as negligence, may, or we may fay, does prevail even in our enlightened land, on this and other important points, we efteem it very friendly in this Clergyman of the Church of England, who at fo cheap a rate endeavours to give us a jog.

Art. 42. A Letter of folemn Counsel from a Minifter of the Gospel, to a Perfon in a declining State of Health. 8vo. 6d. Robinion. 1778.

The Author of this pamphlet is the Rev. Mr. de Courcy. It is a warm and affectionate addrefs, on the Methodistical plan, to thofe who are fick, but intended alfo for the admonition and affistance of perfons in health.

Art. 43. Collatio Codicis Cottoniani Genefeos cum Editione Romanâ, a viro Clariffimo Joanne Ernefto Grabe, jam olim factâ; nunc demum fummâ curâ edita ab HENKICO OWN. M. D. S. R. S. &c.—A Collation of the Cotton MS. of Genefis, with the Roman edition, formerly made by the celebrated John Ernest Grabe, and now carefully published by Henry Owen. M. D. F. R. S. Rector of St. Olave, Hart flreet. 8vo. 3s. Rivington. 1778.

This ancient and beautiful MS. is faid to have been brought into England in the reign of Henry VIII. by two Greek bishops. Queen Elizabeth made a prefent of it to Sir John Fortefcue, from whom it defcended to the Cotton library. Walton fays that there were five volumes of this MS. containing the whole Pentateuch, but that the four laft came into the hands of a Frenchman, who never returned


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them to the owner. Dr. Owen confiders it as the most ancient MS. in England, if not in all Europe. Befides its large and exact letters, it is adorned with beautiful figures, defcribing fome parts of the history. Four prints of this kind are given in the prefent pamphlet. But this valuable MS. was nearly destroyed, it is faid, by the fire which fo greatly damaged the Cotton library in 1731. Sometime before this fatal event the illuftrious Grabe had promised to publish this very ancient MS. of Genefis, or at least a Collation of it with the Roman edition, but he died before he could fulfil his promife. This therefore Dr. Owen has undertaken, and now offers to the learned world. A Collation of the fame kind is to be found in the fixth volume of Bibl. Polyglott. Londinenfium, but very imperfect. Our Author has performed his task from those remains of Grabe's writings upon it, which have been preserved in the Bodleian library, what additions there are of his own, are properly diftinguished, and thofe of the notes which belong to Grabe are pointed out by the letter G. The work is curious, and appears to merit the attention of the learned. Art. 44. A Letter to the Rev. Mr. Febb, with relation to his declared Sentiments about the Unlawfulness of all religious Addreffes to Chrift Jefus. 8vo. 1 s. 6 d. Galabin and Baker. 1778. Mr. (now Dr.) Jebb, in the short State of the Caufes of his Refignation,' exprefsly condemned all religious addreffes to Jefus Christ, and referred to Mr. Lindsey's Apology, for the proof of their unlawfulness. The Author, therefore, of the present Tract thought it incumbent upon him to examine the grounds upon which Mr. Jebb refted his affertion; he has accordingly gone through the paffages of the New Teftament, which Mr. Lindsey had confidered with regard to the subject; and hath endeavoured to fhew from them that the religious addreffes ought to be made to Jefus Chrift. The critical knowledge and learning of this Author are visible in every page of the performance before us; and his calmness and candour are equally apparent. How far he is right in fome of his remarks, may we think justly be difputed; but many of them undoubtedly call for the ferious attention of Mr. Lindsey, and Dr. Jebb. In faying this, we do not mean to determine in the present Writer's favour; but to express our wishes that the question were still more deeply investigated. An accurate and extensive examination of the subject in which the worship to be paid to the One God and Father of all, fhould be traced through the Old and New Testament, and the subordinate homage due to Jefus, fhould be fixed with precision, is the grand defideratum in Chriftian theology.

Art. 45. Sermons on several important Subjects. By James Bryson, A. M. Belfait, printed. 1778.

These Sermons, which were published by subscription, are thirteen in number; the fubjects are: A fenfe of God, and regard to integrity, the great supports of virtue and fources of comfort; from Gen. xvii. I. The immortality of the foul; from 2 Cor. v. 10. and 2 Tim. i. 10. The principles out of which the happiness of the future life fhall arife, and the influence the hope of it should have on the conduct of life; from John iii. 2, 3. The vanity of human life, to an unoffending mind; from Eccles. i. 14. Concious guilt,


what renders death an object of fear; from 1 Cor. xv. 56. Religious meditation; from Pfalm cxix. 15.

Concerning thefe fermons the Author obferves, that, in laying thefe fubjects first before his own audience, and now before the Public, he was directed by this single rule; that the light of the underftanding fhould warm the heart and direct the life. Abftract-reasoning, he fays, may fupport the belief, but cannot inforce the practice of religious virtue. On the other hand, religious virtue can never be permanent, confiftent, and strong, without the powerful aid of folid principle. How far he has avoided the extravagance of philofophifing, and the feebleness of sentimental addrefs, he leaves to the decifion of the impartial Public.-No man, it is added, (he is fully perfuaded) ever appeared before the Public with greater diffidence, or wished to treat it with greater candor,'

Such is the account which this writer gives of himself.-It may be fome alleviation of his honeft fear, to be informed, that his difcourses must be acknowledged to be rational, fenfible, and ingenious; they plead ftrongly, and convincingly, in favour of religious virtue; and are calculated to serve its interests; they are perhaps rather too much laboured, and have confequently fome degree of ftiffness in the compofition; but they have real merit, and appear, as Mr. Bryfon fays, to be the offspring of a heart to which the intereft of pure religion, and the happiness of mankind, are not indifferent.'


I. Preached at St. Mary's, Oxford, July 6, 1778: on Occafion of the Anniversary Meeting of the Governors of the Radcliffe Infirmary. By John, Lord Bishop of Oxford. 4to. I S. Oxford. Clarendon Prefs. Rivington, &c.

In this judicious and elegant discourse, which is printed for the benefit of the charity, legal institutions for the relief of the poor, however expedient and neceffary on the whole, are shown to be un.. friendly to the exertion of the benevolent principle; the excellence of the Chriflian inftitution, in encouraging an unrestrained spirit of liberality, is illuftrated; and ufeful precepts are given, refpecting the selection of proper objects of charity.

H. Preached at St. Sepulchre's, London, March 15th; and at the
Parish Church of Chefhunt, Herts, October 27th, 1778, for the
Benefit of the Humane Society, inftituted for the Recovery of Per-
fons apparently dead by drowning. By Colin Milne, L L. D.
Rector of North-Chapel, Suffex. 8vo.
I S. Rivington, &c.


The Preacher's text is, For no Man liveth to himself. After fome time spent in cenfuring thofe, who, according to his account, vilify and degrade Human Nature, he proceeds to recommend the prefent charitable inftitution; and with proper warmth and fervor urges a contribution to it's fupport, fuitable to the benevolence of the defign.

III. Minifters, Labourers together with God.-Preached at Exeter, before the Affembly of the united diffenting Clergy of Devon and Cornwall; September 9th, 1778. By the Rev. Sir Harry Tre


lawney, Bart. A B. Minifter of the Prefbyterian Church at Weft Looe, Cornwall. 4to. 6d. Buckland. 1778.

When Sir Harry Trelawney firft quitted the Church of England, his principles and connections being of the Methodistical kind, he naturally affociated himself with thofe Diffenters who, in their zeal for Calvinifm, and the warmth of their enthusiasm, approach the nearest to the Methodists. Even then, however, he discovered, on many occafions, great candour of disposition; and, in his confeflion at his ordination, he fhewed that the grounds of his nonconformity, were the fame with those which were built upon by the most rational of the Diffenting clergy. In other refpects that fervice was not well digested; and he was rather unfortunate in meeting with fuch perfons to conduct his ordination, as could not be faid to be the first of their profeffion, either in abilities or a liberal turn of thinking. In the difcourfe before us, Sir Harry Trelawney hath proved, that he is poffeffed of a mind which is capable of rising above every narrow prejudice. The fentiments he hath advanced are, throughout, rational, candid, and enlarged. The authors he refers to, with approbation, are, Erafmus, Grotius, Le Clerc, Dr. Jortin, Dr. Ogden, Dr. Price, and Dr. Watfon of Cambridge. His zeal is accompanied with knowledge; and he is for having the cause of Christian truth defended with the spirit of meeknefs, and the manners of a gentleman. The bigots, it feems, have faid, that the rational Diffenters have put an extinguisher over Sir Harry Trelawney; but to this it hath been answered, that they have only made ufe of the Snuffers.

IV. The beneficial Effects of Harmony. Preached at the Meeting of the Three Choirs in the Cathedral Church of Gloucester, September 9, 1778. By S. Glaffe, D. D. F. R. S. and Chaplain. in Ordinary to his Majefty. 4to. 1 s. Rivington.

If the prophane mufic of an Orpheus could move the rocks, we cannot doubt, but the mufic of the Choirs, in Gloucefter Cathedral, fupported by the eloquence of Dr. Glaffe, would be fufficiently to draw

it to the plate gold from the pockets of the auditors, and convey

of charity.

V. A Revifal of the English Translation of the Old Testament, recommended:-before the Univerfity of Oxford, at St. Mary's, November 15, 1778. To which is added, fome Account of an ancientSyriac Tranflation of great Part of Origen's Hexaplar Edition of the LXX, lately difcovered in the Ambrofian Library at Milan. By the Rev. Jofeph White, M. A. Fellow of Wadham College; Laudian Profeffor of Arabic, and one of his Majefty's Preachers at Whitehall. 4to. Is. Rivington, &c.

In this rational, fenfible difcourfe, the learned and ingenious Author beftows high encomiums on the tranflators of the prefent English verfion of the Old Testament: but he gives them no more than their just praife; for we are certainly under great obligations to them. He obferves alfo, as what cannot be impreffed too often, that our common tranflation is extremely well calculated to anfwer every pur pofe of general piety, both for the learned and unlearned Chriftian. What is wanting, he fays, is wanting, not for the necessity of edification,


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