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CRITICAL AND EXPLANATORY;

INCORPORATING WITH THE NOTES, ON A NEW PLAN,

THE MOST APPROVED HARMONY OF THE

FOUR GOSPELS.

BY

MELANCTHON W. JACOBUS,

PROFESSOR OF BIBLICAL LITERATURE IN THE WESTERN THEOLOGICAL

SEMINARY AT ALLEGHANY CITY, PA,

MATTHEW.

BIXTH EDITION.

NEW YORK:

ROBERT CARTER & BROTHERS,

No. 28 5 BROADWAY.

1853.

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1848, by

NELANCTHON W. JACOBUS, In 1? Llerk's Office of the Southern District of the State of New York.

THE TRAVELS OF OUR LORD.
In. Iufaur.y... Iron Bethlehem in.Im sulmm, Flight von Egipt, Return to Virzareth.
At 12 Years of Agr To the Temple it clerusalem.
In his 30. Year Hiun Vaznroth to the lorim.llilderness ot'. Iudden, Galilee. I(inailcj;
InHlis 315 Year'. Jerusalem, Galilee,Shechem,7:flörruit in Galilep Innofazareth. Inprin?!
lu.His 32nd Year:

Jerusalem, Sea of Galilee, tapernaumain
mnd lucrat in Galilre, lapernuaim&c.

gry Granit in Galilee Perea,JE. (vost of Tiberins, l'apruum. In His 33rd Year: Region of Įire & Sidon.The.Derapolitan wuns: Cnpernum, Sninaria At 33 Years & over Jurusalem.Pereu , Jeriche. Buthamr. Jerusalem. Gethsemane jalvary.

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PREFACE.

The aim of thest: Notes has been to bring together the results of Biblical investigation (so much increased of late), and to lay them in the very pathi of Sabbath school teachers and scholars, for their weekly lessons. It is believed that the plan of furnishing to their hand, from various and volumi. nous sources, the apparatus and material called for, will make the exercise attractive, and will both encourage and facilitate the study of God's word. This plan, therefore, takes up the Questions of the American Sunday School Union, so extensively in use, and especially the “Consecutive Union Question Book," lately issued, on the Gospels, to prepare Notes with the Questions in eye, and to weave around these Questions the material for more. The book accompanies the Questions without being dependent on ther. The author hopes to stand thus in the avenue of so much scriptural instruction, and to be himself a party in the pleasant work, if so be he may be partaker, also, of the reward." He has not done the teacher's work for him, but has gathered for his use that which shall help him in his study, and make it satisfactory; while he has planned, by this means, to introduce to his notice what he needs to know, beyond all that the Questions call for.

Teachers so often have not the time for searching commentaries, or for reading discussions and diffuse annotations, that they may easily slight the study, oi be discouraged in the good work. Such a Hand-Book, therefore, has been welcomed by many ministers, teachers and superintendents, with whom the author has conversed in the course of its preparation. And while the pupils in Sabbath schools and Bible classes have been mainly afloat, with Questions which are often themselves dark, and oftener such as no one seems precisely to answer, it is believed that an important good may be hereby attained, in bringing scholars to their classes well prepared—and that not only on the Questions, but on other collateral questions suggested by the Notes.

May it not also lead to the systematic study of the Gospel Histories, in parochial and other schools, and in family instruction, that the Notes have the advantage of Questions so well approved and every where so accessible as those of the S. S. Union-and these Questions arranged in short Lessons, within the reach of a daily or weekly exercise ?

Another novel feature of these Notes is, the method of bringing to view a Harmony of the Four Gospel narratives. The common plan has been that of Calvin, Doddridge, Townsend and others to bring together the parallel passages from the different Evangelists, and to comment on them, thus, in their order. Such a plan must always have the disadvantage of breaking the text, omitting some portions from each Evangelist, and destroying their respective characteristics. But this plan brings a Harmony into practical use, by placing it where it applies, and where it must all along suggest to the reader, in Captions of the Notes, the many important hints it gives. T'urthermore, it goes over the other three Evangelists in the very act of examining one-bringing to view, in their place, the additional records of the others-and thus keeps up the thread of the whole history. It has also this advantage, of giving plain, brief captions to each paragraph, which call attention to the items, and of showing their order by the sections numbered throughout.

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